Tututawa is a lowly populated locality [Land Information New Zealand, [http://www.linz.govt.nz/apps/placenames/index.html?p=26661 Geographic Placenames Database: Place Name Detail - Tututawa] , accessed 28 May 2007] and rural centre in east
Taranaki, New Zealand, 26 km east of Stratford, with a population of approximately 40. The settlement is centred 5 km south of OhuraRoad (State Highway 43), at the intersection of Mangaotuku Road and Tututawa Road. Positioned approximately 150m above sea level, Tututawa is nestled in a valley amongst high sandstone/ greywackeridgelines. Within the area are the historic localities of "Tewheniwheni", "Mangaehu" and "Tawhiwhi".
The valley is entered from the east via the Tututawa Saddle and Mangaotuku Road, which follows the meandering
Mangaotuku Stream. At Tututawa the Tututawa Stream feeds into the Mangaotuku Stream, and the Mangaotuku meets the Mangaehu Stream. Similarly Tututawa Road, which runs along the Tututawa Stream valley, meets Mangaotuku Road, and Mangaotuku Road meets Mangaehu Road. The valley is surrounded by four high peaks; the Mangaotuku trig (365m alt.) to the west, Popuanui (443m) to the east, Tututawa (451m) to the south-east and Waitiri (490m) to the south.
A bridge crosses the Mangaehu Stream to the south, and the road stretches across a small open plain to the intersection of Mangaotuku, Mangaehu and Soldiers Roads.
Mangaehu Road follows the valley floor of the upper Mangaehu Stream to the east to
Puniwhakau, Makahuand Aotuhia, completing a loop to Strathmore and State Highway 43 via Brewer Road. The Tewheniwheni Stream feeds into the Mangaehu Stream east of the Tututawa trig, while the Pipi Stream runs northwards to the Mangaehu from the Waitiri trig.
Soldiers Road follows the Mangaehu Stream approx. 5 km to the west where it forks into two tributaries; Tauwharenikau Road and Perry Road. Tauwharenikau Road follows the stream of the same name south-east towards the Waitiri trig.
Economy and Culture
The area is predominantly reliant on
pastoral farming, particularly sheep and beeffarming, with a smattering of dairy grazing. Rivendell Gardens, a notable feature of Taranaki’s RhododendronFestival, is located on Tauwharenikau Road.
Community life centres on the Tututawa Hall and Domain, facilities which were once used as a school. Tututawa is home to the Mangaehu Dog Trial Club, and has produced a number of national champions in dog trials, as well as shearing and
woodchopping. The Matemateaonga Rangesto the south are popular for pigand deerhunting.
The name Tututawa is said to mean "bird snares set in Tawa trees", and this is affirmed by the significant population of
wood pigeon(kereru) that graze upon the lush purple berries of the remaining Tawa trees. The name is likely to have been ascribed by the Inuawai hapu of the Ngati Ruanuitribe, who once dwelt along the Mangaehu Streamand its tributaries.
The Rev. Richard Taylor visited these settlements in December 1846 and described a place called "Makama" - “a small open plain with two cottages in it”.
Ian Churchwrites; [citation |first = Ian N.|last = Church |title = The Stratford Inheritance |place = Waikanae, [N.Z.] |publisher = Heritage Press |year = 1990 ]
:"They reached the first settlement at Makama – “a small open plain with two cottages in it” – where several people were at work on their cultivations. While Taylor was talking to a dozen of them a severe earthquake shook the ground for about two minutes; the locals said they could remember one earthquake when they could not stay on their feet. In the evening, prayers were held in “their place of assembly.”"
:"The track followed up the Mangaotuku River “through a series of undulating grassy plains”."
According to Church, European settlers discovered a noted village site near Tututawa, and archaeological evidence has identified occupation sites along the Mangaehu Stream, both upstream and downstream from its junction with the Mangaotuku. Tututawa is located in close proximity to the historic
Kaharoa Track, which followed the Kaharoa Rangeand the Mangaehu valley, linking Pateato the Taumatamahoe Track.
Purchase and Settlement
On 16 December 1875 the New Zealand government purchased the 61,200 acre Mangaotuku Block from
Ngati Ruanuiand Ngati Marufor £7650. [ Waitangi Tribunal Reports: The Taranaki Report: Kaupapa Tuatahi: [http://www.waitangitribunal.govt.nz/reports/viewchapter.asp?reportID=3FECC540-D049-4DE6-A7F0-C26BCCDAB345&chapter=10 Purchases 1872-81] , accessed 28 May 2007] Through the 1880s the government refrained from developing or selling this land, or from purchasing any more. Charles Brown negotiated the private purchase of the Toko, Huiakamaand Pohokurablocks, and sold these to Thomas Bayly in June 1884. [citation |first = Ian N.|last = Church |title = The Stratford Inheritance |place = Waikanae, [N.Z.] |publisher = Heritage Press |year = 1990 ]
Palmerston Northbootmaker Charles Stepney Gatton formed the "Palmerston North Land Association" to take advantage of the Liberal Government’s land settlement scheme. Parts of the Mangaotuku, Toko and Huiakama blocks, in the area south of Ohura Road between Douglas and Strathmore, were sold to the association. Ballots for 80-hectare sections, known as the "“Gatton Special Settlement”", were held in 1894 and those successful began to arrive in 1896. [citation |first = S. |last = Tipler |title = Tututawa School and Districts Centennial, 1901-2001 |place = Stratford, [N.Z.] |publisher = n.p. |year = 2001]
Boom and Bust
In July 1898 Robert Bennett Brickell and G. Moir lobbied the government for subsidies to improve Mangaotuku Road. In 1900 a 44-section township, with sites for school, creamery, police, government building, cemetery and recreation reserve, was surveyed by William Theodore Morpeth and originally named Mangaehu. A creamery was established by the
Crown Dairy Companyin 1900, later taken over by the Stratford Co-operative in 1903. Further government lobbying by Brickell Moir led to the establishment of "Tututawa Primary School" on 25 February 1901. A community hallwas opened on 13 December 1903, and soon a post office, telephone facilities, a store, a butcherand a blacksmithwere also operating in the village.
Tututawa Road at this time crossed a saddle near the Tututawa trig, and ran down the Tewheniwheni valley to complete a loop to Tewheniwheni on Mangaehu Road. The now defunct Waitere Road provided a link to
Omoana, climbing steeply to the Waitere trig and following the northern reaches of the Kahaora Rangewhere a number of families were settled.
By 1906 it became clear that 80 hectares was not sufficient for settlers to make a living and that year saw a number of original settlers leave. The "Puniwhakau Dairy Company", a local co-operative, had taken over the creamery from the Crown Dairy Company in October 1905, but by 1911 had amassed an overdraft of £2,800. The company was reconstructed as the "Tututawa Co-operative" by 1914.
In 1908 John Barrett Norris, formerly a
teacherin Ireland, opened a school in his home near Tewheniwheni known as "Mangaehu School". The school had a short life, closing in 1917. Following the First World War1,243 hectares along Soldiers, Perry and Tauwherinikau Roads, known as the "Tawhiwhi settlement", were subdivided into ten farms for returned soldiers. By October 1925, however, only one settler remained due to economic hardship and access problems. The Tututawa Co-operative Dairy Company was liquidated in 1926. [National Register of Archives and Manuscripts: [http://www.nram.org.nz/record.php?id=6309&parent=nramindexbyvolume&volume=A TUTUTAWA Co-operative Dairy Company (A429)] , accessed 28 May 2007]
ports and Social Activities
Sportsdays and picnicswere a popular form of community entertainment from early days, often held at the school grounds. [citation |first = S. |last = Tipler |title = Tututawa School and Districts Centennial, 1901-2001 |place = Stratford, [N.Z.] |publisher = n.p. |year = 2001] The Mangaehu Dog Trial Club was formed in 1925, and to this day the yearly trials remain a focal point of community life and a national attraction to trialists. The Tututawa DomainBoard was formed in 1931, contributing to the construction of tennis courtsand attractive amenities surrounded by shrubs and lawns. Around this time a branch of the Women's’ Division of Federated Farmers(WDFF) was also established.
electricityreached Tututawa in 1953, the same year saw the closing of the post office, followed three years later by the telephone office. The Domain Board and Hall Company merged in 1964, and the county took over the amenities the following year. Decline in the school roll led to consolidation with Douglas in 1969, helped by improvements to Mangaotuku Road over the Tututawa Saddle. [citation |first = Ian N.|last = Church |title = The Stratford Inheritance |place = Waikanae, [N.Z.] |publisher = Heritage Press |year = 1990 ]
The last four decades has seen continued population decline, and the amalgamation and consolidation of farms. However the area continues to thrive as productive and economic sheep and
General historical works
:*citation |title = Golden jubilee: Tututawa School 50th anniversary, 1901-1951 |place = n.p. |publisher = n.p. |year = 1951 :*citation |first = Ian N.|last = Church |title = The Stratford Inheritance |place = Waikanae, [N.Z.] |publisher = Heritage Press |year = 1990 :*citation |first = S. |last = Tipler |title = Tututawa School and Districts Centennial, 1901-2001 |place = Stratford, [N.Z.] |publisher = n.p. |year = 2001
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