Collective poetry

Collective poetry

Collective or collaborative poetry is an alternative and creative technique for writing poetry by more than one person. The principal aim of collective poetry is to create poems with multiple collaborations from various authors. In a common example of collective poetry, there may be numerous authors working in conjunction with one another to try and form a unified voice that can still maintain their individual voices.

Historical evidence of collective poetry

Examples of collective poetry abound in Japanese poetry. Though the precise accounts and records of such events are either lost or missing, there is significant proofs that speak of poetry as a Japanese cultural phenomena. Japanese poetry, particularly in the development of waka, was greatly influenced by the popular rituals of aristocrats, whose devotion to poetry helped increase the value and worth of poetry.

In recent times

One of the most famous examples of collaborative poetry-writing in modern times was the poem collection "Ralentir Travaux" ["Ralentir Travaux" was translated into English under the title "Slow Under Construction", published by Exact Change Press, August 1990. ISBN: 978-1878972019.] by Surrealist French poets Andre Breton, Paul Eluard and Rene Char. The poems were written collaboratively over the course of five days in 1930. The Surrealists had invented the art of Collage and collective creative 'games' such as the Exquisite corpse, where a collection of words or images are collectively assembled.

In 1940's, American poet Charles Henri Ford invented what he called the "chain poem", where each poet writers a line and then forwards the poem to another person across the world by post. In his "Process Note", Ford explained the method of the 'chain poem': "Thus, after the first line is written, the problem of each poet, in turn, is to provide a line which may both 'contradict' and carry forward the preceding line. The chain poet may attempt to include his unique style and make it intelligible to the poem as well; in which case the chain poem will have a logical and spontaneous growth." [ [ Galatea Resurrects #6 (A Poetry Engagement): SAINTS OF HYSTERIA, Ed. by DENISE DUHAMEL, MAUREEN SEATON & DAVID TRINIDAD ] ] In the 1970's, some feminist poets adopted the concept to discover their "collective feminine voice".

More recent experiments of collaborative poetry include the collaborative works of American poets Denise Duhamel and Maureen Seaton, who have been writing poetry together for 15 years and have published three collaborative books: "Exquisite Politics" (1997), "Oyl" (2000) and "Little Novels" (2002). [ [ - Poetry, Poems, Bios & More - Poetry and Collaboration: Denise Duhamel & Maureen Seaton ] ] Duhamel described this collaboration saying, "Something magical happens when we write - we find this third voice, someone who is neither Maureen nor I, and our ego sort of fades into the background. The poem matters, not either one of us." [ [ Rock Salt Plum Interviews Denise Duhamel ] ]

In 2007, the "first definitive collection" of American collaborative poetry was published under the title "Saints of Hysteria: A Half-Century of Collaborative American Poetry". [Soft Skull Press, Brooklyn. 2007. ISBN: 1-933368-18-7.] Edited by Denise Duhamel, Maureen Seaton and David Trinidad, the anthology included 140 poems by more than 200 authors, culled from various magazines, out-of-print collections, and previously unpublished material. [ [ Soft Skull: Saints of Hysteria by Edited by Denise Duhamel, Maureen Seaton, and David Trinidad ] ]

Another recent experiment is the "poetry factory", a collective poetry-writing project by an Arabic-speaking web magazine called "Asda"' (or "Asdaa", Arabic: أصداء). [ [ أصداء - الصفحة الرئيسية ] ] The project uses MediaWiki (the same software used by Wikipedia) to collaboratively write modern poetry in Arabic, which is then published in the magazine under a Creative Commons license. The stated aim of the "factory" is to "liberate poetry from the disease of ownership and its pathological offsprings, such as fame obsession and copy rights, which have become characteristic of creative production." It also aims to "discover the collective inside us as poetic beings" and "to bypass the passivity of the reader towards an active contribution." [ [ أصداء - مصنع الشعر ] ] The first 'product' of Asdaa's Poetry Factory was published on the magazine's website in January 2008. The poem, titled "Shoes", was written by at least 5 people. [ [ أصداء - أحذية - شعر جمعي من إنتاج مصنع الشعر ] ]

In education

Collaborative poetry-writing has also been used at universities and schools as an activity for students to write poetry, with a social perspective that aims to encourage participants to discover ways in which they are connected. According to Maria Winfield, "collective poetry is an exercise designed to encourage students to work from a shared pattern in order to join their voices in a collective rhythm." [ [ Teaching Tolerance: Collective Poetry ] ]


ee also


Japanese Poetry

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Poetry Central — was a loose collection of performance poets and audiences in the area of Rochester N.Y. Performances and readings were presented publicly under its sponsorship, originally at the. First Unitarian Universalist Church on Clinton Avenue, from about… …   Wikipedia

  • Poetry International Web — is a monthly international webzine and an important poetry archive put together by a collective body of editors around the world and centrally edited in Rotterdam. The site presents poetry from 34 countries in their original languages and in… …   Wikipedia

  • Poetry slam — A poetry slam is a competition at which poets read or recite original work (or, more rarely, that of others). These performances are then judged on a numeric scale by previously selected members of the audience.History Marc Smith is credited with …   Wikipedia

  • Collaborative poetry — Collaborative or collective poetry is an alternative and creative technique for writing poetry by more than one person. The principal aim of collaborative poetry is to create poems with multiple collaborations from various authors. In a common… …   Wikipedia

  • Flarf poetry — can be characterized as an avant garde poetry movement of the late 20th century and the early 21st century. Its first practitioners practiced an aesthetic dedicated to the exploration of “the inappropriate” in all of its guises. Their method was… …   Wikipedia

  • 2006 in poetry — yearbox2 in?=in poetry in2?=in literature cp=20th century c=21st century cf=22nd century yp1=2003 yp2=2004 yp3=2005 year=2006 ya1=2007 ya2=2008 ya3=2009 dp3=1970s dp2=1980s dp1=1990s d=2000s da=0 dn1=2010s dn2=2020s dn3=2030s|Events*French public …   Wikipedia

  • 2005 in poetry — yearbox2 in?=in poetry in2?=in literature cp=20th century c=21st century cf=22nd century yp1=2002 yp2=2003 yp3=2004 year=2005 ya1=2006 ya2=2007 ya3=2008 dp3=1970s dp2=1980s dp1=1990s d=2000s da=0 dn1=2010s dn2=2020s dn3=2030s| Events* October 7… …   Wikipedia

  • Net-poetry — is a development of, involving poetry. This kind of experimental art was born in several different cities around 1995. Contents 1 Short History 2 Authors 3 Net poetry at the 49th Venice Biennale, 2001 …   Wikipedia

  • 1976 in poetry — yearbox2 in?=in poetry in2?=in literature cp=19th century c=20th century cf=21st century yp1=1973 yp2=1974 yp3=1975 year=1976 ya1=1977 ya2=1978 ya3=1979 dp3=1940s dp2=1950s dp1=1960s d=1970s da=0 dn1=1980s dn2=1990s dn3=2000s|Events* Two poems… …   Wikipedia

  • Hebrew Poetry of the Old Testament —     Hebrew Poetry of the Old Testament     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Hebrew Poetry of the Old Testament     Since the Bible is divinely inspired, and thus becomes the written word of God, many devout souls are averse from handling it as… …   Catholic encyclopedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”