- Treaty of Madrid (1750)
The Treaty of Madrid was a document signed by
Ferdinand VI of Spainand John V of Portugalon January 13 1750, concerning their empires and status of their territories in what is now Brazil.
Earlier treaties authored by both countries, and as mediated by the
Catholic Churchof Rome, stipulated that the Portuguese empire in South Americacould extend no farther west than the 46th meridian. Had this treaty remained unchanged, the Spanish would have held what is today the city of São Paulo, and all land to the west and south. Thus, Brazil would only be a fraction of its present-day size.
The Treaty of Madrid was based on the principle of
Roman law"Uti possidetis, ita possideatis" (who owns by fact, must also own by right), and regulated the actual situation, allowing further expansion of the Portuguese Empire at the expense of the Empire of Spain. This expansion eventually led to the formation of the Empire of Brazil.
The treaty also stipulated that Spain would receive the
Sacramento Colony, and Portugal the Misiones Orientales. These were seven independent Jesuitmissions of the upper Uruguay Riverwho resisted Portuguese rule, in what is known as The Guarani War(Guerra Guaranítica). In their attempt to mark the new frontier, Spain and Portugal combined armies and crushed the resistance. The movie "The Mission" is based on these events. The Guarani War occurred in 1756.
List of treaties
* [http://www.terragaucha.com.br/tratado_de_madri_eng.htm The Madrid Treaty - 1750]
* [http://www.netcomuk.co.uk/~dpohara/santa.html South America in the SYW]
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