List of mammals in Chile

List of mammals in Chile

This is a list of the mammal species recorded in Chile. There are 143 mammal species in Chile, of which 2 are critically endangered, 6 are endangered, 14 are vulnerable, and 4 are near-threatened. [This list is derived from the IUCN Red List which lists species of mammals and includes those mammals that have recently been classified as extinct (since 1500 AD). The taxonomy and naming of the individual species is based on those used in existing Wikipedia articles as of 21 May 2007 and supplemented by the common names and taxonomy from the IUCN, Smithsonian Institute, or University of Michigan where no Wikipedia article was available.]

The following tags are used to highlight each species' conservation status as assessed by the IUCN:

Some species were assessed using an earlier set of criteria. Species assessed using this system have the following instead of Near Threatened and Least Concern categories:

ubclass: Theria

Infraclass: Eutheria

Order: Cingulata (armadillos)

-----The armadillos are small mammals with a bony armored shell. There are around 20 extant species.They are native to the Americas. There are around 20 extant species.

**Family: Dasypodidae (armadillos)
***Subfamily: Euphractinae
****Genus: Chaetophractus
***** Andean Hairy Armadillo "Chaetophractus nationi" VU
***** Screaming Hairy Armadillo "Chaetophractus vellerosus" LC
***** Large Hairy Armadillo "Chaetophractus villosus" LC
****Genus: Zaedyus
***** Pichi "Zaedyus pichiy" NT

Order: Rodentia (rodents)

-----Rodents make up the largest order of mammals, with over 40 percent of mammalian species. They have two incisors in the upper and lower jaw which grow continually and must be keep short by gnawing. Most rodents are small though the capybara can weigh up to 45 kg (100 lb).

*Suborder: Hystricognathi
**Family: Chinchillidae (viscachas and chinchillas)
***Genus: Chinchilla
**** Short-tailed Chinchilla "Chinchilla brevicaudata" CR
**** Chinchilla "Chinchilla lanigera" VU
***Genus: Lagidium
**** Southern Viscacha "Lagidium viscacia" DD
**** Wolffsohn's Viscacha "Lagidium wolffsohni" LR/nt
**Family: Caviidae (guinea pigs)
***Subfamily: Caviinae
****Genus: Cavia
***** Montane Guinea Pig "Cavia tschudii" LR/lc
****Genus: Galea
***** Common Yellow-toothed Cavy "Galea musteloides" LR/lc
****Genus: Microcavia
***** Southern Mountain Cavy "Microcavia australis" LR/lc
***** Andean Mountain Cavy "Microcavia niata" LR/lc
**Family: Ctenomyidae
***Genus: Ctenomys
**** Tawny Tuco-tuco "Ctenomys fulvus" LR/lc
**** Magellanic Tuco-tuco "Ctenomys magellanicus" VU
**** Maule Tuco-tuco "Ctenomys maulinus" LR/lc
**** Highland Tuco-tuco "Ctenomys opimus" LR/lc
**Family: Octodontidae
***Genus: Aconaemys
**** Chilean Rock Rat "Aconaemys fuscus" LR/lc
**** Sage's Rock Rat "Aconaemys sagei" LR/lc
***Genus: Octodon
**** Bridges's Degu "Octodon bridgesi" LR/lc
**** Degu "Octodon degus" LR/lc
**** Moon-toothed Degu "Octodon lunatus" LR/lc
**** "Octodon pacificus" VU
***Genus: Octodontomys
**** Mountain Degu "Octodontomys gliroides" LR/lc
***Genus: Spalacopus
**** Coruro "Spalacopus cyanus" LR/lc
**Family: Abrocomidae
***Genus: Abrocoma
**** Bennett's Chinchilla Rat "Abrocoma bennettii" LR/lc
**** Ashy Chinchilla Rat "Abrocoma cinerea" LR/lc
**Family: Myocastoridae (coypus)
***Genus: Myocastor
**** Coypu "Myocastor coypus" LR/lc
*Suborder: Sciurognathi
**Family: Cricetidae
***Subfamily: Sigmodontinae
****Genus: Akodon
***** White-bellied Grass Mouse "Akodon albiventer" LR/lc
***** Bolivian Grass Mouse "Akodon boliviensis" LR/lc
***** Hershkovitz's Grass Mouse "Akodon hershkovitzi" LR/lc
***** Woolly Grass Mouse "Akodon lanosus" LR/lc
***** Long-haired Grass Mouse "Akodon longipilis" LR/lc
***** Markham's Grass Mouse "Akodon markhami" LR/lc
***** Olive Grass Mouse "Akodon olivaceus" LR/lc
***** Sanborn's Grass Mouse "Akodon sanborni" LR/lc
***** Yellow-nosed Grass Mouse "Akodon xanthorhinus" LR/lc
****Genus: Andinomys
***** Andean Mouse "Andinomys edax" LR/lc
****Genus: Auliscomys
***** Bolivian Big-eared Mouse "Auliscomys boliviensis" LR/lc
***** Southern Big-eared Mouse "Auliscomys micropus" LR/lc
***** Andean Big-eared Mouse "Auliscomys sublimis" LR/lc
****Genus: Calomys
***** Andean Vesper Mouse "Calomys lepidus" LR/lc
****Genus: Chelemys
***** Andean Long-clawed Mouse "Chelemys macronyx" LR/lc
***** Large Long-clawed Mouse "Chelemys megalonyx" LR/lc
****Genus: Chinchillula
***** Altiplano Chincilla Mouse "Chinchillula sahamae" LR/lc
****Genus: Chroeomys
***** Andean Altiplano Mouse "Chroeomys andinus" LR/lc
****Genus: Eligmodontia
***** Morgan's Gerbil Mouse "Eligmodontia morgani" LR/lc
***** Andean Gerbil Mouse "Eligmodontia puerulus" LR/lc
***** Highland Gerbil Mouse "Eligmodontia typus" LR/lc
****Genus: Euneomys
***** Patagonian Chincilla Mouse "Euneomys chinchilloides" LR/lc
***** Biting Chincilla Mouse "Euneomys mordax" LR/lc
***** Peterson's Chincilla Mouse "Euneomys petersoni" LR/lc
****Genus: Galenomys
***** Gerlepp's Mouse "Galenomys garleppi" LR/lc
****Genus: Geoxus
***** Long-clawed Mole Mouse "Geoxus valdivianus" LR/lc
****Genus: Irenomys
***** Chilean Climbing Mouse "Irenomys tarsalis" LR/lc
****Genus: Neotomys
***** Andean Swamp Rat "Neotomys ebriosus" LR/lc
****Genus: Oligoryzomys
***** Long-tailed Pygmy Rice Rat "Oligoryzomys longicaudatus" LR/lc
***** Magellanic Pygmy Rice Rat "Oligoryzomys magellanicus" LR/lc
****Genus: Pearsonomys
***** Pearson's Long-clawed Akodont "Pearsonomys annectens" DD
****Genus: Phyllotis
***** Darwin's Leaf-eared Mouse "Phyllotis darwini" LR/lc
***** Master Leaf-eared Mouse "Phyllotis magister" LR/lc
***** Osgood's Leaf-eared Mouse "Phyllotis osgoodi" LR/lc
***** Yellow-rumped Leaf-eared Mouse "Phyllotis xanthopygus" LR/lc
****Genus: Reithrodon
***** Bunny Rat "Reithrodon auritus" LR/lc
**Family: Muridae (mice, rats, voles, gerbils, hamsters, etc.)
***Subfamily: Murinae
****Genus: Rattus
***** Polynesian Rat "Rattus exulans" LR/lc

Order: Chiroptera (bats)

-----The bats' most distinguishing feature is that their forelimbs are developed as wings, making them the only mammals in the world naturally capable of flight. Bat species account for about 20% of all mammals.

*Family: Vespertilionidae
**Subfamily: Myotinae
***Genus: Myotis
**** Silver-tipped Myotis "Myotis albescens" LR/lc
**** Atacama Myotis "Myotis atacamensis" VU
**** Chilean Myotis "Myotis chiloensis" LR/nt
**Subfamily: Vespertilioninae
***Genus: Histiotus
**** Big-eared Brown Bat "Histiotus macrotus" LR/nt
**** Small Big-eared Brown Bat "Histiotus montanus" LR/lc
***Genus: Lasiurus
**** Desert red bat "Lasiurus blossevillii" LR/lc
**** Hoary bat "Lasiurus cinereus" LR/lc
*Family: Molossidae
**Genus: Eumops
*** Western mastiff bat "Eumops perotis" LR/lc
**Genus: Mormopterus
*** Kalinowski's Mastiff Bat "Mormopterus kalinowskii" VU
**Genus: Tadarida
*** Mexican Free-tailed Bat "Tadarida brasiliensis" LR/nt
*Family: Phyllostomidae
**Subfamily: Stenodermatinae
***Genus: Sturnira
**** Little Yellow-shouldered Bat "Sturnira lilium" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Desmodontinae
***Genus: Desmodus
**** Common Vampire Bat "Desmodus rotundus" LR/lc
*Family: Furipteridae
**Genus: Amorphochilus
*** Smokey Bat "Amorphochilus schnablii" VU

Order: Cetacea (whales)


The order Cetacea includes whales, dolphins and porpoises. They are the mammals most fully adapted to aquatic life with a spindle-shaped nearly hairless body, protected by a thick layer of blubber, and forelimbs and tail modified to provide propulsion underwater.

*Suborder: Mysticeti
**Family: Balaenidae
***Genus: Eubalaena
**** Southern Right Whale "Eubalaena australis" LR/cd
**Family: Balaenopteridae
***Subfamily: Balaenopterinae
****Genus: Balaenoptera
***** Minke Whale "Balaenoptera acutorostrata" LR/nt
***** Sei Whale "Balaenoptera borealis" EN
***** Bryde's Whale "Balaenoptera edeni" DD
***** Blue Whale "Balaenoptera musculus" EN
***Subfamily: Megapterinae
****Genus: Megaptera
***** Humpback Whale "Megaptera novaeangliae" VU
**Family: Neobalaenidae
***Genus: Caperea
**** Pygmy Right Whale "Caperea marginata" LR/lc
*Suborder: Odontoceti
**Superfamily: Platanistoidea
***Family: Phocoenidae
****Genus: Phocoena
***** Spectacled Porpoise "Phocoena dioptrica" DD
***** Burmeister's Porpoise "Phocoena spinipinnis" DD
***Family: Physeteridae
****Genus: Physeter
***** Sperm Whale "Physeter macrocephalus" VU
***Family: Kogiidae
****Genus: Kogia
***** Pygmy Sperm Whale "Kogia breviceps" LR/lc
***** Dwarf Sperm Whale "Kogia sima" LR/lc
***Family: Ziphidae
****Genus: Ziphius
***** Cuvier's Beaked Whale "Ziphius cavirostris" DD
****Genus: Berardius
***** Giant beaked whale "Berardius arnuxii" LR/cd
****Genus: Tasmacetus
***** Shepherd's Beaked Whale "Tasmacetus shepherdi" DD
****Subfamily: Hyperoodontidae
*****Genus: Hyperoodon
****** Bottlenose whale "Hyperoodon planifrons" LR/cd
*****Genus: Mesoplodon
****** Blainville's Beaked Whale "Mesoplodon densirostris" DD
****** Ginkgo-toothed Beaked Whale "Mesoplodon ginkgodens" DD
****** Gray's Beaked Whale "Mesoplodon grayi" DD
****** Hector's Beaked Whale "Mesoplodon hectori" DD
****** Layard's Beaked Whale "Mesoplodon layardii" DD
***Family: Delphinidae (marine dolphins)
****Genus: Cephalorhynchus
***** Commerson's Dolphin "Cephalorhynchus commersonii" DD
***** Chilean Dolphin "Cephalorhynchus eutropia" DD
****Genus: Tursiops
***** Bottlenose Dolphin "Tursiops truncatus" DD
****Genus: Stenella
***** Spinner Dolphin "Stenella longirostris" LR/cd
****Genus: Delphinus
***** Common dolphin "Delphinus capensis" LR/lc
***** Common dolphin "Delphinus delphis" LR/lc
****Genus: Lagenorhynchus
***** Peale's Dolphin "Lagenorhynchus australis" DD
***** Hourglass Dolphin "Lagenorhynchus cruciger" LR/lc
***** Dusky Dolphin "Lagenorhynchus obscurus" DD
****Genus: Lissodelphis
***** Southern Right Whale Dolphin "Lissodelphis peronii" DD
****Genus: Grampus
***** Risso's Dolphin "Grampus griseus" DD
****Genus: Pseudorca
***** False Killer Whale "Pseudorca crassidens" LR/lc
****Genus: Orcinus
***** Orca "Orcinus orca" LR/cd
****Genus: Globicephala
***** Pilot whale "Globicephala melas" LR/lc

Order: Carnivora (carnivores)

Argentine Grey Fox] The carnivores include over 260 species, the majority of which eat meat as their primary dietary item. Carnivores have a characteristic skull shape and dentition.

*Suborder: Feliformia
**Family: Felidae (cats)
***Subfamily: Felinae
****Genus: Leopardus
***** Andean Mountain Cat "Leopardus jacobitus" EN
****Genus: Oncifelis
***** Chilean Pampa Cat "Oncifelis colocolo" NT
***** Geoffroy's Cat "Oncifelis geoffroyi" NT
***** Kodkod "Oncifelis guigna" VU
****Genus: Puma
***** Cougar "Puma concolor" NT
*Suborder: Caniformia
**Family: Canidae (dogs, foxes)
***Genus: Lycalopex
**** Culpeo "Lycalopex culpaeus" LC
**** Darwin's Fox "Lycalopex fulvipes" CR
**** South American Gray Fox "Lycalopex griseus" LC
**Family: Procyonidae (raccoons)
***Genus: Nasua
**** South American Coati "Nasua nasua" LR/lc
**Family: Mustelidae (mustelids)
***Genus: Galictis
**** Lesser Grison "Galictis cuja" LR/lc
***Genus: Lyncodon
**** Patagonian Weasel "Lyncodon patagonicus" LR/lc
***Genus: Lontra
**** Marine Otter "Lontra felina" EN
**** Southern River Otter "Lontra provocax" EN
**Family: Otariidae (eared seals, sealions)
***Genus: Arctocephalus
**** South American Fur Seal "Arctocephalus australis" LR/lc
**** Antarctic Fur Seal "Arctocephalus gazella" LR/lc
**** Juan Fernandez Fur Seal "Arctocephalus philippii" VU
**** Subantarctic Fur Seal "Arctocephalus tropicalis" LR/lc
***Genus: Otaria
**** South American Sea Lion "Otaria flavescens" LR/lc
**Family: Phocidae (earless seals)
***Genus: Hydrurga
**** Leopard Seal "Hydrurga leptonyx" LR/lc
***Genus: Leptonychotes
**** Weddell Seal "Leptonychotes weddellii" LR/lc
***Genus: Mirounga
**** Southern Elephant Seal "Mirounga leonina" LR/lc
**Family: Mephitidae
***Genus: Conepatus
**** Molina's Hog-nosed Skunk "Conepatus chinga" LR/lc
**** Humboldt's Hog-nosed Skunk "Conepatus humboldtii" LR/lc

Order: Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates)

-----The even-toed ungulates are ungulates whose weight is borne about equally by the third and fourth toes, rather than mostly or entirely by the third as in perissodactyls. There are about 220 artiodactyl species, including many that are of great economic importance to humans.

*Family: Camelidae (camels, llamas)
**Genus: Lama
*** Guanaco "Lama guanicoe" LR/lc
**Genus: Vicugna
*** Vicuña "Vicugna vicugna" LR/cd
*Family: Cervidae (deer)
**Subfamily: Capreolinae
***Genus: Hippocamelus
**** Peruvian Huemul "Hippocamelus antisensis" DD
**** South Andean Huemul "Hippocamelus bisulcus" EN
***Genus: Pudu
**** Pudú "Pudu puda" VU

Infraclass: Metatheria

Order: Didelphimorphia (common opossums)


Didelphimorphia is the order of common opossums of the Western Hemisphere. Opossums probably diverged from the basic South American marsupials in the late Cretaceous or early Paleocene.They are small to medium-sized marsupials, about the size of a large house cat, with a long snout and prehensile tail.

*Family: Didelphidae (American opossums)
**Subfamily: Didelphinae
***Genus: Thylamys
**** Elegant Fat-tailed Opossum "Thylamys elegans" LR/lc

Order: Paucituberculata (shrew opossums)


There are six extant species of shrew opossum. They are small shrew-like marsupials confined to the Andes.

*Family: Caenolestidae
**Genus: Rhyncholestes
*** Long-nosed Shrew Opossum "Rhyncholestes raphanurus" VU

Order: Microbiotheria (Monito del Monte)


The Monito del Monte is the only extant member of its family and the only surviving member of an ancient order, the Microbiotheria.

*Family: Microbiotheriidae
**Genus: Dromiciops
*** Monito del Monte "Dromiciops gliroides" VU



*cite web
title=The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Mammals of Chile
accessdaymonth = 22 May

*cite web
title=Mammal Species of the World
publisher=Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
accessdaymonth = 22 May

*cite web
title=Animal Diversity Web
publisher=University of Michigan Museum of Zoology
accessdaymonth = 22 May

ee also

*List of molluscs recorded in Chile
*List of chordate orders
*List of regional mammals lists
*List of prehistoric mammals
*Mammal classification
*New mammal species

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