List of mammals in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

List of mammals in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

This is a list of the mammal species recorded in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. There are 425 mammal species in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, of which 2 are critically endangered, 6 are endangered, 21 are vulnerable, and 35 are near-threatened. [This list is derived from the IUCN Red List which lists species of mammals and includes those mammals that have recently been classified as extinct (since 1500 AD). The taxonomy and naming of the individual species is based on those used in existing Wikipedia articles as of 21 May 2007 and supplemented by the common names and taxonomy from the IUCN, Smithsonian Institute, or University of Michigan where no Wikipedia article was available.]

The following tags are used to highlight each species' conservation status as assessed by the IUCN:

Some species were assessed using an earlier set of criteria. Species assessed using this system have the following instead of Near Threatened and Least Concern categories:

ubclass: Theria

Infraclass: Eutheria

Order: Afrosoricida (tenrecs and golden moles)

----The order Afrosoricida contains the golden moles of southern Africa and the tenrecs of Madagascar and Africa, two families of small mammals that were traditionally part of the order Insectivora.

***Family: Tenrecidae (tenrecs)
****Subfamily: Potamogalinae
*****Genus: Micropotamogale
****** Ruwenzori Otter Shrew "Micropotamogale ruwenzorii" NT
*****Genus: Potamogale
****** Giant Otter Shrew "Potamogale velox" LC
***Family: Chrysochloridae
****Subfamily: Chrysochlorinae
*****Genus: Chrysochloris
****** Stuhlmann's Golden Mole "Chrysochloris stuhlmanni" LC
****Subfamily: Amblysominae
*****Genus: Calcochloris
****** Congo Golden Mole "Calcochloris leucorhinus" DD

Order: Macroscelidea (elephant-shrews)

----Often called sengisi, the elephant shrews or jumping shrews are native to southern Africa. Their common English name derives from their elongated flexible snout and their resemblance to the true shrews.

***Family: Macroscelididae (elephant-shrews)
****Genus: Elephantulus
***** Short-snouted Sengi "Elephantulus brachyrhynchus" LC
***** Dusky-footed Sengi "Elephantulus fuscipes" DD
****Genus: Petrodromus
***** Four-toed Sengi "Petrodromus tetradactylus" LC
****Genus: Rhynchocyon
***** Checkered Sengi "Rhynchocyon cirnei" NT

Order: Tubulidentata (aardvarks)

----The order Tubulidentata consists of a single species, the Aardvark. Tubulidentata are characterised by their teeth which lack a pulp cavity and form thin tubes which are continuously worn down and replaced.

***Family: Orycteropodidae
****Genus: Orycteropus
***** Aardvark "Orycteropus afer" LC

Order: Hyracoidea (hyraxes)

----The hyraxes are any of four species of fairly small, thickset, herbivorous mammals in the order Hyracoidea. About the size of a domestic cat they are well-furred, with rounded bodies and a stmpy tail. They are native to Africa and the Middle East.

***Family: Procaviidae (hylaxes)
****Genus: Dendrohyrax
***** Southern Tree Hyrax "Dendrohyrax arboreus" LC
***** Western Tree Hyrax "Dendrohyrax dorsalis" LC
****Genus: Heterohyrax
***** Yellow-spotted Rock Hyrax "Heterohyrax brucei" LC
****Genus: Procavia
***** Cape Hyrax "Procavia capensis" LC

Order: Proboscidea (elephants)

----The elephants comprise three living species and are the largest living land animals.

***Family: Elephantidae (elephants)
****Genus: Loxodonta
***** African Bush Elephant "Loxodonta africana" VU

Order: Sirenia (manatees and dugongs)

----
[
African Manatee] Sirenia is an order of fully aquatic, herbivorous mammals that inhabit rivers, estuaries, coastal marine waters, swamps, and marine wetlands. All four species are endangered.

***Family: Trichechidae
****Genus: Trichechus
***** African Manatee "Trichechus senegalensis" VU

Order: Primates

----The order Primates contains all the species commonly related to the lemurs, monkeys, and apes, with the latter category including humans. It is divided informally into three main groupings: prosimians, monkeys of the New World, and monkeys and apes of the Old World.

*Suborder: Strepsirrhini
**Infraorder: Lorisiformes
****Family: Lorisidae (lorises, bushbabies)
*****Genus: Arctocebus
****** Golden Angwantibo "Arctocebus aureus" LR/nt
*****Genus: Perodicticus
****** Potto "Perodicticus potto" LR/lc
****Family: Galagidae
*****Genus: Galago
****** Demidoff's Dwarf Galago "Galago demidoff" LR/lc
****** Eastern Needle-clawed Bushbaby "Galago matschiei" LR/nt
****** Mohol Galago "Galago moholi" LR/lc
****** Senegal Bushbaby "Galago senegalensis" LR/lc
****** Thomas's Bushbaby "Galago thomasi" LR/lc
*****Genus: Otolemur
****** Brown Greater Galago "Otolemur crassicaudatus" LR/lc
*****Genus: Euoticus
****** Western Needle-clawed Galago "Euoticus elegantulus" LR/nt
*Suborder: Haplorrhini
**Infraorder: Simiiformes
***Parvorder: Catarrhini
****Superfamily: Cercopithecoidea
*****Family: Cercopithecidae (Old World monkeys)
******Genus: Allenopithecus
******* Allen's Swamp Monkey "Allenopithecus nigroviridis" LR/nt
******Genus: Miopithecus
******* Southern Talapoin Monkey "Miopithecus talapoin" LR/lc
******Genus: Erythrocebus
******* Patas Monkey "Erythrocebus patas" LR/lc
******Genus: Cercopithecus
******* Chlorocebus "Cercopithecus aethiops" LR/lc
******* Black-cheeked White-nosed Monkey "Cercopithecus ascanius" LR/lc
******* Moustached Guenon "Cercopithecus cephus" LR/lc
******* Dryas Monkey "Cercopithecus dryas" DD
******* Hamlyn's Monkey "Cercopithecus hamlyni" LR/nt
******* L'Hoest's Monkey "Cercopithecus lhoesti" LR/nt
******* Blue Monkey "Cercopithecus mitis" LR/lc
******* De Brazza's Monkey "Cercopithecus neglectus" LR/lc
******* Greater Spot-nosed Monkey "Cercopithecus nictitans" LR/lc
******* Crowned Guenon "Cercopithecus pogonias" LR/lc
******Genus: Lophocebus
******* Grey-cheeked Mangabey "Lophocebus albigena" LR/lc
******* Black Crested Mangabey "Lophocebus aterrimus" LR/nt
******Genus: Papio
******* Olive Baboon "Papio anubis" LR/lc
******* Yellow Baboon "Papio cynocephalus" LR/lc
******Subfamily: Colobinae
*******Genus: Colobus
******** Angola Colobus "Colobus angolensis" LR/lc
******** Mantled Guereza "Colobus guereza" LR/lc
****Superfamily: Hominoidea
*****Family: Hominidae (humans)
******Subfamily: Homininae
*******Tribe: Gorillini
********Genus: Gorilla
********* Eastern Gorilla "Gorilla beringei" EN
********* Western Gorilla "Gorilla gorilla" EN
*******Tribe: Hominini
********Genus: Pan
********* Bonobo "Pan paniscus" EN
********* Common Chimpanzee "Pan troglodytes" EN

Order: Rodentia (rodents)

----Rodents make up the largest order of mammals, with over 40 percent of mammalian species. They have two incisors in the upper and lower jaw which grow continually and must be keep short by gnawing. Most rodents are small though the capybara can weigh up to 45 kg (100 lb).

*Suborder: Hystricognathi
**Family: Bathyergidae
***Genus: Cryptomys
**** Bocage's Mole Rat "Cryptomys bocagei" DD
**** Mechow's Mole Rat "Cryptomys mechowi" LC
**** Ochre Mole Rat "Cryptomys ochraceocinereus" DD
***Genus: Heliophobius
**** Silvery Mole Rat "Heliophobius argenteocinereus" LC
**Family: Hystricidae (Old World porcupines)
***Genus: Atherurus
**** African Brush-tailed Porcupine "Atherurus africanus" LC
***Genus: Hystrix
**** Cape Porcupine "Hystrix africaeaustralis" LC
**** Crested Porcupine "Hystrix cristata" LC
**Family: Thryonomyidae (cane rats)
***Genus: Thryonomys
**** Lesser Cane Rat "Thryonomys gregorianus" LC
**** Greater Cane Rat "Thryonomys swinderianus" LC
*Suborder: Sciurognathi
**Family: Anomaluridae
***Subfamily: Anomalurinae
****Genus: Anomalurus
***** Lord Derby's Scaly-tailed Squirrel "Anomalurus derbianus" LC
***** Dwarf Scaly-tailed Squirrel "Anomalurus pusillus" LC
****Genus: Anomalurops
***** Beecroft's Scaly-tailed Squirrel "Anomalurops beecrofti" LC
***Subfamily: Zenkerellinae
****Genus: Idiurus
***** Long-eared Flying Mouse "Idiurus macrotis" LC
***** Flying mouse "Idiurus zenkeri" DD
**Family: Pedetidae (spring hare)
***Genus: Pedetes
**** Springhare "Pedetes capensis" LC
**Family: Sciuridae (squirrels)
***Subfamily: Xerinae
****Tribe: Xerini
*****Genus: Xerus
****** Striped Ground Squirrel "Xerus erythropus" LC
****Tribe: Protoxerini
*****Genus: Funisciurus
****** Thomas's Rope Squirrel "Funisciurus anerythrus" DD
****** Lunda Rope Squirrel "Funisciurus bayonii" DD
****** Carruther's Mountain Squirrel "Funisciurus carruthersi" LC
****** Congo Rope Squirrel "Funisciurus congicus" LC
****** Ribboned Rope Squirrel "Funisciurus lemniscatus" DD
****** Fire-footed Rope Squirrel "Funisciurus pyrropus" LC
*****Genus: Heliosciurus
****** Gambian Sun Squirrel "Heliosciurus gambianus" LC
****** Red-legged Sun Squirrel "Heliosciurus rufobrachium" LC
****** Ruwenzori Sun Squirrel "Heliosciurus ruwenzorii" LC
*****Genus: Paraxerus
****** Alexander's Bush Squirrel "Paraxerus alexandri" LC
****** Boehm's Bush Squirrel "Paraxerus boehmi" LC
****** Smith's Bush Squirrel "Paraxerus cepapi" LC
****** Green Bush Squirrel "Paraxerus poensis" LC
*****Genus: Protoxerus
****** Forest Giant Squirrel "Protoxerus stangeri" LC
**Family: Gliridae (dormice)
***Subfamily: Graphiurinae
****Genus: Graphiurus
***** Christy's Dormouse "Graphiurus christyi" DD
***** Lorrain Dormouse "Graphiurus lorraineus" LC
***** Monard's Dormouse "Graphiurus monardi" DD
***** Savanna Dormouse "Graphiurus parvus" LC
***** Silent Dormouse "Graphiurus surdus" DD
**Family: Spalacidae
***Subfamily: Tachyoryctinae
****Genus: Tachyoryctes
***** Ruanda Mole Rat "Tachyoryctes ruandae" LC
**Family: Nesomyidae
***Subfamily: Delanymyinae
****Genus: Delanymys
***** Delany's Swamp Mouse "Delanymys brooksi" EN
***Subfamily: Dendromurinae
****Genus: Dendromus
***** Remarkable Climbing Mouse "Dendromus insignis" LC
***** Mount Kahuzi climbing mouse "Dendromus kahuziensis" CR
***** Kivu Climbing Mouse "Dendromus kivu" LC
***** Gray Glimbing Mouse "Dendromus melanotis" LC
***** Brant's Climbing Mouse "Dendromus mesomelas" LC
***** Banana Climbing Mouse "Dendromus messorius" LC
***** Chestnut Climbing Mouse "Dendromus mystacalis" LC
***** Nyika Climbing Mouse "Dendromus nyikae" LC
****Genus: Steatomys
***** Fat Mouse "Steatomys pratensis" LC
***Subfamily: Cricetomyinae
****Genus: Cricetomys
***** "Cricetomys emini" LC
***** Gambian Pouch Rat "Cricetomys gambianus" LC
****Genus: Saccostomus
***** Phascogalini "Saccostomus campestris" LC
**Family: Muridae (mice, rats, voles, gerbils, hamsters, etc.)
***Subfamily: Deomyinae
****Genus: Acomys
***** Spiny mouse "Acomys spinosissimus" LC
****Genus: Deomys
***** Congo Forest Mouse "Deomys ferrugineus" LC
****Genus: Lophuromys
***** Gray Brush-furred Rat "Lophuromys cinereus" DD
***** Yellow-spotted Brush-furred Rat "Lophuromys flavopunctatus" LC
***** Hutterer's Brush-furred Mouse "Lophuromys huttereri" DD
***** Yellow-bellied Brush-furred Rat "Lophuromys luteogaster" LC
***** Medium-tailed Brush-furred Rat "Lophuromys medicaudatus" NT
***** Fire-bellied Brush-furred Rat "Lophuromys nudicaudus" LC
***** Rahm's Brush-furred Rat "Lophuromys rahmi" NT
***** Rusty-bellied Brush-furred Rat "Lophuromys sikapusi" LC
***** Woosnam's Brush-furred Rat "Lophuromys woosnami" LC
****Genus: Uranomys
***** Rudd's Mouse "Uranomys ruddi" LC
***Subfamily: Otomyinae
****Genus: Otomys
***** Dent's Vlei Rat "Otomys denti" NT
***** Large Vlei Rat "Otomys maximus" LC
***** Tropical Vlei Rat "Otomys tropicalis" LC
***Subfamily: Gerbillinae
****Genus: Tatera
***** Boehm's Gerbil "Tatera boehmi" LC
***** Kemp's Gerbil "Tatera kempi" LC
***** Bushveld Gerbil "Tatera leucogaster" LC
***** Savanna Gerbil "Tatera valida" LC
****Genus: Taterillus
***** Congo Tateril "Taterillus congicus" LC
***** Emin's Tateril "Taterillus emini" LC
***Subfamily: Murinae
****Genus: Aethomys
***** Bocage's Rock Rat "Aethomys bocagei" LC
***** Hinde's Rock Rat "Aethomys hindei" LC
***** Kaiser's Rock Rat "Aethomys kaiseri" LC
***** Nyika Rock Rat "Aethomys nyikae" LC
****Genus: Arvicanthis
***** African Grass Rat "Arvicanthis niloticus" LC
****Genus: Colomys
***** African Water Rat "Colomys goslingi" LC
****Genus: Dasymys
***** Common Dasymys "Dasymys incomtus" LC
***** Montane Shaggy Rat "Dasymys montanus" VU
****Genus: Grammomys
***** Woodland Thicket Rat "Grammomys dolichurus" LC
***** Forest Thicket Rat "Grammomys dryas" NT
***** Macmillan's Thicket Rat "Grammomys macmillani" LC
***** Shining Thicket Rat "Grammomys rutilans" LC
****Genus: Heimyscus
***** Smokey Heimyscus "Heimyscus fumosus" LC
****Genus: Hybomys
***** Ruwenzori Hybomys "Hybomys lunaris" VU
***** Peters' Striped Mouse "Hybomys univittatus" LC
****Genus: Hylomyscus
***** Beaded Wood Mouse "Hylomyscus aeta" LC
***** Allen's Wood Mouse "Hylomyscus alleni" LC
***** Montane Wood Mouse "Hylomyscus denniae" LC
***** Little Wood Mouse "Hylomyscus parvus" LC
***** Stella Wood Mouse "Hylomyscus stella" LC
****Genus: Lemniscomys
***** Griselda's Lemniscomys "Lemniscomys griselda" LC
***** Buffoon Lemniscomys "Lemniscomys macculus" LC
***** Typical Striped Grass Mouse "Lemniscomys striatus" LC
***** Heuglin's Lemniscomys "Lemniscomys zebra" LC
****Genus: Malacomys
***** Big-eared Swamp Rat "Malacomys longipes" LC
****Genus: Mastomys
***** Guinea Multimammate Mouse "Mastomys erythroleucus" LC
***** Natal Multimammate Mouse "Mastomys natalensis" LC
****Genus: Mus
***** Toad Mouse "Mus bufo" LC
***** Callewaert's Mouse "Mus callewaerti" DD
***** African Pygmy Mouse "Mus minutoides" LC
***** Neave's Mouse "Mus neavei" DD
***** Peter's Mouse "Mus setulosus" LC
***** Thomas's Pygmy Mouse "Mus sorella" LC
***** Gray-bellied Pygmy Mouse "Mus triton" LC
****Genus: Mylomys
***** Mill Rat "Mylomys dybowskii" LC
****Genus: Myomyscus
***** Angolan Multimammate Mouse "Myomyscus angolensis" LC
****Genus: Oenomys
***** Rufous-nosed Rats "Oenomys hypoxanthus" LC
****Genus: Pelomys
***** Bell Groove-toothed Swamp Rat "Pelomys campanae" LC
***** Creek Groove-toothed Swamp Rat "Pelomys fallax" LC
***** Least Groove-toothed Swamp Rat "Pelomys minor" LC
****Genus: Praomys
***** Jackson's Soft-furred Mouse "Praomys jacksoni" LC
***** Lukolela Swamp Rat "Praomys lukolelae" LC
***** Least Soft-furred Mouse "Praomys minor" DD
***** Misonne's Soft-furred Mouse "Praomys misonnei" LC
***** Riverine Praomys "Praomys mutoni" NT
***** Tullberg's Soft-furred Mouse "Praomys tullbergi" LC
***** Verschuren's Swamp Rat "Praomys verschureni" NT
****Genus: Rhabdomys
***** Four-striped Grass Mouse "Rhabdomys pumilio" LC
****Genus: Stochomys
***** Target Rat "Stochomys longicaudatus" LC
****Genus: Thallomys
***** Acacia rat "Thallomys paedulcus" LC
****Genus: Thamnomys
***** Kemp's Thicket Rat "Thamnomys kempi" VU
***** "Thamnomys schoutedeni" DD
***** Charming Thicket Rat "Thamnomys venustus" NT
****Genus: Zelotomys
***** Hildegarde's Zelotomys "Zelotomys hildegardeae" LC

Order: Lagomorpha (lagomorphs)

----The lagomorphs comprise two families, Leporidae (hares and rabbits), and Ochotonidae (pikas). Though they can resemble rodents, and were classified as a superfamily in that order until the early twentieth century, they have since been considered a separate order. They differ from rodents in a number of physical characteristics, such as having four incisors in the upper jaw rather than two.

*Family: Leporidae (rabbits, hares)
**Genus: Poelagus
*** Bunyoro Rabbit "Poelagus marjorita" LR/lc
**Genus: Lepus
*** African Savanna Hare "Lepus microtis" LR/lc

Order: Soricomorpha (shrews, moles, and soledons)

----The "shrew-forms" are insectivorous mmmals. The shrews and soledons closely resemble mice while the moles are stout bodied burrowers.

*Family: Soricidae (shrews)
**Subfamily: Crocidurinae
***Genus: Crocidura
**** Hun Shrew "Crocidura attila" LC
**** African Foggy Shrew "Crocidura caliginea" LC
**** Congo Shrew "Crocidura congobelgica" LC
**** Long-footed Shrew "Crocidura crenata" LC
**** Reddish-gray Musk Shrew "Crocidura cyanea" LC
**** Dent's Shrew "Crocidura denti" LC
**** Long-tailed Musk Shrew "Crocidura dolichura" LC
**** Savanna Shrew "Crocidura fulvastra" LC
**** Tiny Musk Shrew "Crocidura fuscomurina" LC
**** Goliath Shrew "Crocidura goliath" LC
**** Hildegarde's Shrew "Crocidura hildegardeae" LC
**** Lesser Red Musk Shrew "Crocidura hirta" LC
**** Jackson's Shrew "Crocidura jacksoni" LC
**** Kivu Shrew "Crocidura kivuana" VU
**** Lemara Shrew "Crocidura lanosa" VU
**** Latona Shrew "Crocidura latona" LC
**** Butiaba Naked-tailed Shrew "Crocidura littoralis" LC
**** Dramatic Shrew "Crocidura ludia" LC
**** Greater Gray-brown Musk Shrew "Crocidura luna" LC
**** Swamp Musk Shrew "Crocidura mariquensis" LC
**** Tenebrous Shrew "Crocidura nigrofusca" LC
**** Stony Shrew "Crocidura niobe" LC
**** Olivier's Shrew "Crocidura olivieri" LC
**** Small-footed Shrew "Crocidura parvipes" LC
**** Flat-headed Shrew "Crocidura planiceps" DD
**** Fuscous Shrew "Crocidura polia" DD
**** Roosvelt's Shrew "Crocidura roosevelti" LC
**** Narrow-headed Shrew "Crocidura stenocephala" VU
**** Ugandan Shrew "Crocidura tarella" VU
**** Tumultuous Shrew "Crocidura turba" LC
**** Zimmer's Shrew "Crocidura zimmeri" DD
***Genus: Paracrocidura
**** Grauer's Shrew "Paracrocidura graueri" DD
**** Greater Shrew "Paracrocidura maxima" NT
**** Schouteden's Shrew "Paracrocidura schoutedeni" LC
***Genus: Ruwenzorisorex
**** Ruwenzori Shrew "Ruwenzorisorex suncoides" VU
***Genus: Scutisorex
**** Armored Shrew "Scutisorex somereni" LC
***Genus: Suncus
**** Least Dwarf Shrew "Suncus infinitesimus" LC
**** Greater Dwarf Shrew "Suncus lixus" LC
**** Lesser Dwarf Shrew "Suncus varilla" LC
***Genus: Sylvisorex
**** Grant's Shrew "Sylvisorex granti" LC
**** Johnston's Shrew "Sylvisorex johnstoni" LC
**** Climbing Shrew "Sylvisorex megalura" LC
**** Mountain Shrew "Sylvisorex oriundus" DD
**** Volcano Shrew "Sylvisorex vulcanorum" LC
**Subfamily: Myosoricinae
***Genus: Congosorex
**** Poll's Shrew "Congosorex polli" DD
***Genus: Myosorex
**** Babault's Mouse Shrew "Myosorex babaulti" VU
**** Schaller's Mouse Shrew "Myosorex schalleri" DD

Order: Chiroptera (bats)

----The bats' most distinguishing feature is that their forelimbs are developed as wings, making them the only mammals in the world naturally capable of flight. Bat species account for about 20% of all mammals.

*Family: Pteropodidae (flying foxes, Old World fruit bats)
**Subfamily: Pteropodinae
***Genus: Casinycteris
**** Short-palated Fruit Bat "Casinycteris argynnis" NT
***Genus: Eidolon
**** Straw-coloured Fruit Bat "Eidolon helvum" LC
***Genus: Epomophorus
**** Peters's Epauletted Fruit Bat "Epomophorus crypturus" LC
**** Gambian Epauletted Fruit Bat "Epomophorus gambianus" LC
**** Ethiopian Epauletted Fruit Bat "Epomophorus labiatus" LC
**** Wahlberg's Epauletted Fruit Bat "Epomophorus wahlbergi" LC
***Genus: Epomops
**** Dobson's Fruit Bat "Epomops dobsoni" LC
**** Franquet's Epauletted Fruit Bat "Epomops franqueti" LC
***Genus: Hypsignathus
**** Hammer-headed bat "Hypsignathus monstrosus" LC
***Genus: Lissonycteris
**** Angolan Rousette "Lissonycteris angolensis" LC
***Genus: Micropteropus
**** Hayman's Epauletted Fruit Bat "Micropteropus intermedius" DD
**** Peter's Dwarf Epauletted Fruit Bat "Micropteropus pusillus" LC
***Genus: Myonycteris
**** Little Collared Fruit Bat "Myonycteris torquata" LC
***Genus: Plerotes
**** D'anchieta's Fruit Bat "Plerotes anchietae" DD
***Genus: Rousettus
**** Egyptian fruit bat "Rousettus aegyptiacus" LC
**** Long-haired Rousette "Rousettus lanosus" LC
***Genus: Scotonycteris
**** Zenker's Fruit Bat "Scotonycteris zenkeri" NT
**Subfamily: Macroglossinae
***Genus: Megaloglossus
**** Woermann's Fruit Bat "Megaloglossus woermanni" LC
*Family: Vespertilionidae
**Subfamily: Kerivoulinae
***Genus: Kerivoula
**** Damara Woolly Bat "Kerivoula argentata" LC
**** Copper Woolly Bat "Kerivoula cuprosa" NT
**** Lesser Woolly Bat "Kerivoula lanosa" LC
**** Spurrell's Woolly Bat "Kerivoula phalaena" NT
**** Smith's Woolly Bat "Kerivoula smithi" LC
**Subfamily: Myotinae
***Genus: Myotis
**** Rufous Mouse-eared Bat "Myotis bocagii" LC
**** Cape Hairy Bat "Myotis tricolor" LC
**** Welwitch's Bat "Myotis welwitschii" LC
**Subfamily: Vespertilioninae
***Genus: Glauconycteris
**** Allen's Striped Bat "Glauconycteris alboguttata" DD
**** Silvered Bat "Glauconycteris argentata" LC
**** Beatrix's Bat "Glauconycteris beatrix" NT
**** Curry's Bat "Glauconycteris curryae" DD
**** Allen's Spotted Bat "Glauconycteris humeralis" DD
**** Abo Bat "Glauconycteris poensis" LC
**** Pied Bat "Glauconycteris superba" VU
**** Butterfly Bat "Glauconycteris variegata" LC
***Genus: Hypsugo
**** Anchieta's Pipistrelle "Hypsugo anchietae" LC
**** Broad-headed Pipistrelle "Hypsugo crassulus" LC
**** Eisentraut's Pipistrelle "Hypsugo eisentrauti" DD
**** Mouselike Pipistrelle "Hypsugo musciculus" DD
***Genus: Laephotis
**** Angolan Long-eared Bats "Laephotis angolensis" NT
**** Botswanan Long-eared Bat "Laephotis botswanae" LC
***Genus: Mimetillus
**** Moloney's Flat-headed Bat "Mimetillus moloneyi" LC
***Genus: Neoromicia
**** Dark-brown Serotine "Neoromicia brunneus" NT
**** Cape Serotine "Neoromicia capensis" LC
**** Tiny Serotine "Neoromicia guineensis" LC
**** Melck's House Bat "Neoromicia melckorum" DD
**** Banana Pipistrelle "Neoromicia nanus" LC
**** Rendall's Serotine "Neoromicia rendalli" LC
**** Somali Serotine "Neoromicia somalicus" LC
**** White-winged Serotine "Neoromicia tenuipinnis" LC
**** "Neoromicia zuluensis" LC
***Genus: Nycticeinops
**** Schlieffen's Twilight Bat "Nycticeinops schlieffeni" LC
***Genus: Pipistrellus
**** Tiny Pipistrelle "Pipistrellus nanulus" LC
**** RÜppel's Pipistrelle "Pipistrellus rueppelli" LC
***Genus: Scotoecus
**** Light-winged Lesser House Bat "Scotoecus albofuscus" DD
**** Dark-winged Lesser House Bat "Scotoecus hirundo" DD
***Genus: Scotophilus
**** African Yellow Bat "Scotophilus dinganii" LC
**** Schreber's Yellow Bat "Scotophilus nigrita" NT
**** Nut-colored Yellow Bat "Scotophilus nux" LC
**Subfamily: Miniopterinae
***Genus: Miniopterus
**** Lesser Long-fingered Bat "Miniopterus fraterculus" LC
**** Greater Long-fingered Bat "Miniopterus inflatus" LC
**** Least Long-fingered Bat "Miniopterus minor" NT
**** Natal Long-fingered Bat "Miniopterus natalensis" NT
*Family: Molossidae
**Genus: Chaerephon
*** Duke Of Abruzzi's Free-tailed Bat "Chaerephon aloysiisabaudiae" NT
*** Ansorge's Free-tailed Bat "Chaerephon ansorgei" LC
*** Gland-tailed Free-tailed Bat "Chaerephon bemmeleni" LC
*** Chapin's Free-tailed Bat "Chaerephon chapini" DD
*** Gallagher's free-tailed bat "Chaerephon gallagheri" CR
*** Lappet-eared Free-tailed Bat "Chaerephon major" LC
*** Nigerian Free-tailed Bat "Chaerephon nigeriae" LC
*** Little Free-tailed Bat "Chaerephon pumila" LC
*** Russet Free-tailed Bat "Chaerephon russata" NT
*** "Chaerephon shortridgei" NT
**Genus: Mops
*** Sierra Leone Free-tailed Bat "Mops brachypterus" LC
*** Angolan Free-tailed Bat "Mops condylurus" LC
*** Medje Free-tailed Bat "Mops congicus" NT
*** Mongalla Free-tailed Bat "Mops demonstrator" NT
*** Midas Free-tailed Bat "Mops midas" LC
*** Dwarf Free-tailed Bat "Mops nanulus" LC
*** Niangara Free-tailed Bat "Mops niangarae" DD
*** White-bellied Free-tailed Bat "Mops niveiventer" LC
*** Railer Bat "Mops thersites" LC
*** Trevor's Free-tailed Bat "Mops trevori" VU
**Genus: Myopterus
*** Daubenton's Free-tailed Bat "Myopterus daubentonii" NT
*** Bini Free-tailed Bat "Myopterus whitleyi" LC
**Genus: Otomops
*** Large-eared Free-tailed Bat "Otomops martiensseni" NT
**Genus: Tadarida
*** Egyptian Free-tailed Bat "Tadarida aegyptiaca" LC
*** Madagascan Large Free-tailed Bat "Tadarida fulminans" LC
*** African Giant Free-tailed Bat "Tadarida ventralis" NT
*Family: Emballonuridae
**Genus: Coleura
*** African Sheath-tailed Bat "Coleura afra" LC
**Genus: Saccolaimus
*** Pel's Pouched Bat "Saccolaimus peli" NT
**Genus: Taphozous
*** Mauritian Tomb Bat "Taphozous mauritianus" LC
*** Naked-rumped Tomb Bat "Taphozous nudiventris" LC
*** Egyptian Tomb Bat "Taphozous perforatus" LC
*Family: Nycteridae
**Genus: Nycteris
*** Bate's Slit-Faced Bat "Nycteris arge" LC
*** Large Slit-Faced Bat "Nycteris grandis" LC
*** Hairy Slit-Faced Bat "Nycteris hispida" LC
*** Intermediate Slit-Faced Bat "Nycteris intermedia" NT
*** Large-Eared Slit-Faced Bat "Nycteris macrotis" LC
*** Ja Slit-Faced Bat "Nycteris major" VU
*** Dwarf Slit-Faced Bat "Nycteris nana" LC
*** Egyptian Slit-Faced Bat "Nycteris thebaica" LC
*Family: Megadermatidae
**Genus: Lavia
*** Yellow-winged bat "Lavia frons" LC
*Family: Rhinolophidae
**Subfamily: Rhinolophinae
***Genus: Rhinolophus
**** Halcyon Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus alcyone" LC
**** Blasius's Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus blasii" NT
**** Geoffroy's Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus clivosus" LC
**** Darling's Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus darlingi" LC
**** RÜppell's Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus fumigatus" LC
**** Hildebrandt's Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus hildebrandti" LC
**** Lander's Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus landeri" LC
**** Ruwenzori Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus ruwenzorii" VU
**Subfamily: Hipposiderinae
***Genus: Cloeotis
**** Percival's Trident Bat "Cloeotis percivali" VU
***Genus: Hipposideros
**** Aba Roundleaf Bat "Hipposideros abae" NT
**** Benito Roundleaf Bat "Hipposideros beatus" LC
**** Sundevall's Roundleaf Bat "Hipposideros caffer" LC
**** Greater Roundleaf Bat "Hipposideros camerunensis" DD
**** Cyclops Roundleaf Bat "Hipposideros cyclops" LC
**** Sooty Roundleaf Bat "Hipposideros fuliginosus" NT
**** "Hipposideros gigas" LC
**** "Hipposideros marungensis" NT
**** Noack's Roundleaf Bat "Hipposideros ruber" LC
***Genus: Triaenops
**** Persian Trident Bat "Triaenops persicus" LC

Order: Pholidota (pangolins)

----The order Philodota comprises the eight species of pangolin. Pangolins are anteaters and have the powerful claws, elongated snout and long tongue seen in the other unrelated anteater species.

*Family: Manidae
**Genus: Manis
*** Giant Pangolin "Manis gigantea" LR/lc
*** Ground Pangolin "Manis temminckii" LR/nt
*** Long-tailed Pangolin "Manis tetradactyla" LR/lc
*** Tree Pangolin "Manis tricuspis" LR/lc

Order: Cetacea (whales)

----The order Cetacea includes whales, dolphins and porpoises. They are the mammals most fully adapted to aquatic life with a spindle-shaped nearly hairless body, protected by a thick layer of blubber, and forelimbs and tail modified to provide propulsion underwater.

*Suborder: Mysticeti
**Family: Balaenopteridae
***Subfamily: Megapterinae
****Genus: Megaptera
***** Humpback Whale "Megaptera novaeangliae" VU
*Suborder: Odontoceti
**Superfamily: Platanistoidea
***Family: Delphinidae (marine dolphins)
****Genus: Lagenodelphis
***** Fraser's Dolphin "Lagenodelphis hosei" DD

Order: Carnivora (carnivores)

----The carnivores include over 260 species, the majority of which eat meat as their primary dietary item. Carnivores have a characteristic skull shape and dentition.

*Suborder: Feliformia
**Family: Felidae (cats)
***Subfamily: Felinae
****Genus: Acinonyx
***** Cheetah "Acinonyx jubatus" VU
****Genus: Caracal
***** Caracal "Caracal caracal" LC
****Genus: Felis
***** Wildcat "Felis silvestris" LC
****Genus: Leptailurus
***** Serval "Leptailurus serval" LC
****Genus: Profelis
***** African Golden Cat "Profelis aurata" VU
***Subfamily: Pantherinae
****Genus: Panthera
***** Lion "Panthera leo" VU
***** Leopard "Panthera pardus" LC
**Family: Viverridae (civets, mongooses, etc.)
***Subfamily: Viverrinae
****Genus: Civettictis
***** African Civet "Civettictis civetta" LR/lc
****Genus: Genetta
***** Angolan Genet "Genetta angolensis" LR/lc
***** Rusty-spotted Genet "Genetta maculata" LR/lc
***** Servaline Genet "Genetta servalina" LR/lc
***** Giant Forest Genet "Genetta victoriae" LR/lc
****Genus: Osbornictis
***** Aquatic Genet "Osbornictis piscivora" DD
****Genus: Poiana
***** African Linsang "Poiana richardsonii" LR/lc
**Family: Nandiniidae
***Genus: Nandinia
**** African Palm Civet "Nandinia binotata" LR/lc
**Family: Herpestidae (mongooses)
***Genus: Atilax
**** Marsh Mongoose "Atilax paludinosus" LR/lc
***Genus: Bdeogale
**** Black-footed Mongoose "Bdeogale nigripes" LR/lc
***Genus: Crossarchus
**** Alexander's Kusimanse "Crossarchus alexandri" LR/lc
**** Angolan Kusimanse "Crossarchus ansorgei" LR/lc
***Genus: Dologale
**** Pousargues's Mongoose "Dologale dybowskii" LR/lc
***Genus: Galerella
**** Slender Mongoose "Galerella sanguinea" LR/lc
***Genus: Helogale
**** Common Dwarf Mongoose "Helogale parvula" LR/lc
***Genus: Herpestes
**** Egyptian Mongoose "Herpestes ichneumon" LR/lc
**** Long-nosed Mongoose "Herpestes naso" LR/lc
***Genus: Ichneumia
**** White-tailed Mongoose "Ichneumia albicauda" LR/lc
***Genus: Mungos
**** Banded Mongoose "Mungos mungo" LR/lc
***Genus: Rhynchogale
**** Meller's Mongoose "Rhynchogale melleri" LR/lc
**Family: Hyaenidae (hyaenas)
***Genus: Crocuta
**** Spotted Hyena "Crocuta crocuta" LR/cd
*Suborder: Caniformia
**Family: Canidae (dogs, foxes)
***Genus: Canis
**** Side-striped Jackal "Canis adustus" LC
***Genus: Lycaon
**** African Wild Dog "Lycaon pictus" EN
**Family: Mustelidae (mustelids)
***Genus: Ictonyx
**** Striped Polecat "Ictonyx striatus" LR/lc
***Genus: Poecilogale
**** African Striped Weasel "Poecilogale albinucha" LR/lc
***Genus: Mellivora
**** Ratel "Mellivora capensis" LR/lc
***Genus: Lutra
**** Speckle-throated Otter "Lutra maculicollis" LC
***Genus: Aonyx
**** African Clawless Otter "Aonyx capensis" LC
**** Oriental Small-clawed Otter "Aonyx congicus" DD

Order: Perissodactyla (odd-toed ungulates)

----The odd-toed ungulates are browsing and grazing mammals. They are usually large to very large, and have relatively simple stomachs and a large middle toe.

*Family: Equidae (horses etc.)
**Genus: Equus
*** Burchell's Zebra "Equus burchellii" LC
*Family: Rhinocerotidae
**Genus: Ceratotherium
*** White Rhinoceros "Ceratotherium simum" NT

Order: Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates)

----The even-toed ungulates are ungulates whose weight is borne about equally by the third and fourth toes, rather than mostly or entirely by the third as in perissodactyls. There are about 220 artiodactyl species, including many that are of great economic importance to humans.

*Family: Suidae (pigs)
**Subfamily: Phacochoerinae
***Genus: Phacochoerus
**** Warthog "Phacochoerus africanus" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Suinae
***Genus: Hylochoerus
**** Giant forest hog "Hylochoerus meinertzhageni" LR/lc
***Genus: Potamochoerus
**** Bushpig "Potamochoerus larvatus" LR/lc
**** Red River Hog "Potamochoerus porcus" LR/lc
*Family: Hippopotamidae (hippopotamuses)
**Genus: Hippopotamus
*** Hippopotamus "Hippopotamus amphibius" VU
*Family: Tragulidae
**Genus: Hyemoschus
*** "Hyemoschus aquaticus" DD
*Family: Giraffidae (giraffe, okapi)
**Genus: Giraffa
*** Giraffe "Giraffa camelopardalis" LR/cd
**Genus: Okapia
*** Okapi "Okapia johnstoni" LR/nt
*Family: Bovidae (cattle, antelope, sheep, goats)
**Subfamily: Alcelaphinae
***Genus: Alcelaphus
**** Hartebeest "Alcelaphus buselaphus" LR/cd
**** Lichtenstein's Hartebeest "Alcelaphus lichtensteinii" LR/cd
***Genus: Damaliscus
**** Topi "Damaliscus lunatus" LR/cd
**Subfamily: Antilopinae
***Genus: Neotragus
**** Bates's Pygmy Antelope "Neotragus batesi" LR/nt
***Genus: Oreotragus
**** Klipspringer "Oreotragus oreotragus" LR/cd
***Genus: Ourebia
**** Oribi "Ourebia ourebi" LR/cd
***Genus: Raphicerus
**** Sharpe's Grysbok "Raphicerus sharpei" LR/cd
**Subfamily: Bovinae
***Genus: Syncerus
**** African Buffalo "Syncerus caffer" LR/cd
***Genus: Tragelaphus
**** Giant Eland "Tragelaphus derbianus" LR/nt
**** Bongo (antelope) "Tragelaphus eurycerus" LR/nt
**** Common Eland "Tragelaphus oryx" LR/cd
**** Bushbuck "Tragelaphus scriptus" LR/lc
**** Sitatunga "Tragelaphus spekii" LR/nt
**** Greater Kudu "Tragelaphus strepsiceros" LR/cd
**Subfamily: Cephalophinae
***Genus: Cephalophus
**** Peters's Duiker "Cephalophus callipygus" LR/nt
**** Bay Duiker "Cephalophus dorsalis" LR/nt
**** White-bellied Duiker "Cephalophus leucogaster" LR/nt
**** Blue Duiker "Cephalophus monticola" LR/lc
**** Black-fronted Duiker "Cephalophus nigrifrons" LR/nt
**** Red-flanked Duiker "Cephalophus rufilatus" LR/cd
**** Yellow-backed Duiker "Cephalophus silvicultor" LR/nt
**** Weyns's Duiker "Cephalophus weynsi" LR/nt
***Genus: Sylvicapra
**** Common Duiker "Sylvicapra grimmia" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Hippotraginae
***Genus: Hippotragus
**** Roan Antelope "Hippotragus equinus" LR/cd
**** Sable Antelope " _la. Hippotragus niger" LR/cd
**Subfamily: Aepycerotinae
***Genus: Aepyceros
**** Impala "Aepyceros melampus" LR/cd
**Subfamily: Reduncinae
***Genus: Kobus
**** Waterbuck "Kobus ellipsiprymnus" LR/cd
**** Kob "Kobus kob" LR/cd
**** Lechwe "Kobus leche" LR/cd
**** Puku "Kobus vardonii" LR/cd
***Genus: Redunca
**** Southern Reedbuck "Redunca arundinum" LR/cd
**** Bohor Reedbuck "Redunca redunca" LR/cd

Notes

References

*cite web
url=http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/search.php?kingname=ANIMALIA&phyname=CHORDATA&claname=MAMMALIA&freetext=&modifier=phrase&criteria=wholedb&taxa_species=1&redlistCategory%5B0%5D=all&redlistAssessyear%5B0%5D=all&country%5B0%5D=CD&aquatic%5B0%5D=all&regions%5B0%5D=all&habitats%5B0%5D=all&threats%5B0%5D=all&Submit_x=34&Submit_y=9&extendedResults=0&terrestrial=0&marine=0&freshwater=0&offset=0&sortorder%5B0%5D=spcscientificname&sortorder%5B1%5D=genname&sortorder%5B2%5D=spcname&sortorder%5B3%5D=spcauthor&sortorder%5B4%5D=spcinfrarank&sortorder%5B5%5D=spcinfraepithet&sortorder%5B6%5D=spcinfrarankauthor&sortorder%5B7%5D=spcstockname&sortorder%5B8%5D=comname_comp&sortorder%5B9%5D=rlcabb&sortorder%5B10%5D=rlscriteria&sortorder%5B11%5D=poptrend_code&sortorder%5B12%5D=rlcatcrit2001&sortorder%5B13%5D=spcrecid&sortorder%5B14%5D=kingname&debug=0&taxa_subspc=0&taxa_stock=0&newsort=Genus
title=The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Mammals of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
publisher=IUCN
date=2001
accessdaymonth = 22 May
accessyear=2007

*cite web
url=http://nmnhgoph.si.edu/msw/
title=Mammal Species of the World
publisher=Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
date=2005
accessdaymonth = 22 May
accessyear=2007

*cite web
url=http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html
title=Animal Diversity Web
publisher=University of Michigan Museum of Zoology
date=1995-2006
accessdaymonth = 22 May
accessyear=2007

ee also

*List of chordate orders
*List of regional mammals lists
*List of prehistoric mammals
*Mammal classification
*New mammal species


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