List of mammals in Tanzania

List of mammals in Tanzania

This is a list of the mammal species recorded in Tanzania. There are 364 mammal species in Tanzania, of which 2 are critically endangered, 13 are endangered, 20 are vulnerable, and 17 are near-threatened. [This list is derived from the IUCN Red List which lists species of mammals and includes those mammals that have recently been classified as extinct (since 1500 AD). The taxonomy and naming of the individual species is based on those used in existing Wikipedia articles as of 21 May 2007 and supplemented by the common names and taxonomy from the IUCN, Smithsonian Institute, or University of Michigan where no Wikipedia article was available.]

The following tags are used to highlight each species' conservation status as assessed by the IUCN:

Some species were assessed using an earlier set of criteria. Species assessed using this system have the following instead of Near Threatened and Least Concern categories:

ubclass: Theria

Infraclass: Eutheria

Order: Afrosoricida (tenrecs and golden moles)

----The order Afrosoricida contains the golden moles of southern Africa and the tenrecs of Madagascar and Africa, two families of small mammals that were traditionally part of the order Insectivora.

***Family: Tenrecidae (tenrecs)
****Subfamily: Potamogalinae
*****Genus: Potamogale
****** Giant Otter Shrew "Potamogale velox" LC
***Family: Chrysochloridae
****Subfamily: Chrysochlorinae
*****Genus: Chrysochloris
****** Stuhlmann's Golden Mole "Chrysochloris stuhlmanni" LC

Order: Macroscelidea (elephant-shrews)

----Often called sengisi, the elephant shrews or jumping shrews are native to southern Africa. Their common English name derives from their elongated flexible snout and their resemblance to the true shrews.

***Family: Macroscelididae (elephant-shrews)
****Genus: Elephantulus
***** Short-snouted Sengi "Elephantulus brachyrhynchus" LC
***** Rufous Sengi "Elephantulus rufescens" LC
****Genus: Petrodromus
***** Four-toed Sengi "Petrodromus tetradactylus" LC
****Genus: Rhynchocyon
***** Checkered Sengi "Rhynchocyon cirnei" NT
***** Black And Rufous Sengi "Rhynchocyon petersi" VU
***** Grey-faced Sengi "Rhynochocyon udzungwensis" (discovered in 2008)

Order: Tubulidentata (aardvarks)

----The order Tubulidentata consists of a single species, the Aardvark. Tubulidentata are characterised by their teeth which lack a pulp cavity and form thin tubes which are continuously worn down and replaced.

***Family: Orycteropodidae
****Genus: Orycteropus
***** Aardvark "Orycteropus afer" LC

Order: Hyracoidea (hyraxes)

----The hyraxes are any of four species of fairly small, thickset, herbivorous mammals in the order Hyracoidea. About the size of a domestic cat they are well-furred, with rounded bodies and a stumpy tail. They are native to Africa and the Middle East.

***Family: Procaviidae (hylaxes)
****Genus: Dendrohyrax
***** Southern Tree Hyrax "Dendrohyrax arboreus" LC
****Genus: Heterohyrax
***** Yellow-spotted Rock Hyrax "Heterohyrax brucei" LC
****Genus: Procavia
***** Cape Hyrax "Procavia capensis" LC

Order: Proboscidea (elephants)

----The elephants comprise three living species and are the largest living land animals.

***Family: Elephantidae (elephants)
****Genus: Loxodonta
***** African Bush Elephant "Loxodonta africana" VU

Order: Sirenia (manatees and dugongs)

----Sirenia is an order of fully aquatic, herbivorous mammals that inhabit rivers, estuaries, coastal marine waters, swamps, and marine wetlands. All four species are endangered.

***Family: Dugongidae
****Genus: Dugong
***** Dugong "Dugong dugon" VU

Order: Primates

----The order Primates contains all the species commonly related to the lemurs, monkeys, and apes, with the latter category including humans. It is divided informally into three main groupings: prosimians, monkeys of the New World, and monkeys and apes of the Old World.

*Suborder: Strepsirrhini
**Infraorder: Lorisiformes
****Family: Galagidae
*****Genus: Galago
****** Demidoff's Dwarf Galago "Galago demidoff" LR/lc
****** Grant's Dwarf Galago "Galago granti" DD
****** Mohol Galago "Galago moholi" LR/lc
****** Amani Dwarf Galago "Galago orinus" DD
****** Rondo Dwarf Galago "Galago rondoensis" EN
****** Senegal Bushbaby "Galago senegalensis" LR/lc
****** Thomas's Bushbaby "Galago thomasi" LR/lc
****** Zanzibar Bushbaby "Galago zanzibaricus" LR/nt
*****Genus: Otolemur
****** Brown Greater Galago "Otolemur crassicaudatus" LR/lc
****** Northern Greater Galago "Otolemur garnettii" LR/lc
*Suborder: Haplorrhini
**Infraorder: Simiiformes
***Parvorder: Catarrhini
****Superfamily: Cercopithecoidea
*****Family: Cercopithecidae (Old World monkeys)
******Genus: Erythrocebus
******* Patas Monkey "Erythrocebus patas" LR/lc
******Genus: Cercopithecus
******* Chlorocebus "Cercopithecus aethiops" LR/lc
******* Black-cheeked White-nosed Monkey "Cercopithecus ascanius" LR/lc
******* Blue Monkey "Cercopithecus mitis" LR/lc
******Genus: Lophocebus
******* Grey-cheeked Mangabey "Lophocebus albigena" LR/lc
******Genus: Papio
******* Olive Baboon "Papio anubis" LR/lc
******* Yellow Baboon "Papio cynocephalus" LR/lc
******Genus: Cercocebus
******* Crested mangabey "Cercocebus galeritus" LR/nt
******Subfamily: Colobinae
*******Genus: Colobus
******** Angola Colobus "Colobus angolensis" LR/lc
******** Mantled Guereza "Colobus guereza" LR/lc
*******Genus: Procolobus
******** Uhehe Red Colobus "Procolobus gordonorum" VU
******** Zanzibar Red Colobus "Procolobus kirkii" EN
****Superfamily: Hominoidea
*****Family: Hominidae (humans)
******Subfamily: Homininae
*******Tribe: Hominini
********Genus: Pan
********* Common Chimpanzee "Pan troglodytes" EN

Order: Rodentia (rodents)

----Rodents make up the largest order of mammals, with over 40 percent of mammalian species. They have two incisors in the upper and lower jaw which grow continually and must be keep short by gnawing. Most rodents are small though the capybara can weigh up to 45 kg (100 lb).

*Suborder: Hystricognathi
**Family: Bathyergidae
***Genus: Cryptomys
**** African Mole Rat "Cryptomys hottentotus" LC
***Genus: Heliophobius
**** Silvery Mole Rat "Heliophobius argenteocinereus" LC
**Family: Hystricidae (Old World porcupines)
***Genus: Atherurus
**** African Brush-tailed Porcupine "Atherurus africanus" LC
***Genus: Hystrix
**** Cape Porcupine "Hystrix africaeaustralis" LC
**** Crested Porcupine "Hystrix cristata" LC
**Family: Thryonomyidae (cane rats)
***Genus: Thryonomys
**** Lesser Cane Rat "Thryonomys gregorianus" LC
**** Greater Cane Rat "Thryonomys swinderianus" LC
*Suborder: Sciurognathi
**Family: Anomaluridae
***Subfamily: Anomalurinae
****Genus: Anomalurus
***** Lord Derby's Scaly-tailed Squirrel "Anomalurus derbianus" LC
***Subfamily: Zenkerellinae
****Genus: Idiurus
***** Long-eared Flying Mouse "Idiurus macrotis" LC
**Family: Pedetidae (spring hare)
***Genus: Pedetes
**** Springhare "Pedetes capensis" LC
**Family: Sciuridae (squirrels)
***Subfamily: Xerinae
****Tribe: Xerini
*****Genus: Xerus
****** Striped ground squirrel "Xerus erythropus" LC
****** Unstriped Ground Squirrel "Xerus rutilus" LC
****Tribe: Protoxerini
*****Genus: Heliosciurus
****** Gambian Sun Squirrel "Heliosciurus gambianus" LC
****** Mutable Sun Squirrel "Heliosciurus mutabilis" LC
****** Red-legged Sun Squirrel "Heliosciurus rufobrachium" LC
****** Zanj Sun Squirrel "Heliosciurus undulatus" DD
*****Genus: Paraxerus
****** Boehm's Bush Squirrel "Paraxerus boehmi" LC
****** Smith's Bush Squirrel "Paraxerus cepapi" LC
****** Striped Bush Squirrel "Paraxerus flavovittis" DD
****** Black And Red Bush Squirrel "Paraxerus lucifer" DD
****** Ochre Bush Squirrel "Paraxerus ochraceus" LC
****** Red Bush Squirrel "Paraxerus palliatus" LC
****** Svynnerton's Bush Squirrel "Paraxerus vexillarius" VU
*****Genus: Protoxerus
****** Forest Giant Squirrel "Protoxerus stangeri" LC
**Family: Gliridae (dormice)
***Subfamily: Graphiurinae
****Genus: Graphiurus
***** Lorrain Dormouse "Graphiurus lorraineus" LC
***** Small-eared Dormouse "Graphiurus microtis" LC
***** Savanna Dormouse "Graphiurus parvus" LC
**Family: Spalacidae
***Subfamily: Tachyoryctinae
****Genus: Tachyoryctes
***** Demon Mole Rat "Tachyoryctes daemon" LC
**Family: Nesomyidae
***Subfamily: Dendromurinae
****Genus: Dendromus
***** Remarkable Climbing Mouse "Dendromus insignis" LC
***** Gray Glimbing Mouse "Dendromus melanotis" LC
***** Brant's Climbing Mouse "Dendromus mesomelas" LC
***** Chestnut Climbing Mouse "Dendromus mystacalis" LC
***** Nyika Climbing Mouse "Dendromus nyikae" LC
****Genus: Steatomys
***** Tiny Fat Mouse "Steatomys parvus" LC
***** Fat Mouse "Steatomys pratensis" LC
***Subfamily: Cricetomyinae
****Genus: Beamys
***** Long-tailed Pouched Rat "Beamys hindei" NT
***** Long-tailed Pouched Rat "Beamys major" NT
****Genus: Cricetomys
***** "Cricetomys emini" LC
***** Gambian Pouch Rat "Cricetomys gambianus" LC
****Genus: Saccostomus
***** Phascogalini "Saccostomus campestris" LC
***** Mearns's Pouched Mouse "Saccostomus mearnsi" LC
**Family: Cricetidae
***Subfamily: Lophiomyinae
****Genus: Lophiomys
***** Maned Rat "Lophiomys imhausi" LC
**Family: Muridae (mice, rats, voles, gerbils, hamsters, etc.)
***Subfamily: Deomyinae
****Genus: Acomys
***** Fiery Spiny Mouse "Acomys ignitus" LC
***** Kemp's Spiny Mouse "Acomys kempi" LC
***** Spiny mouse "Acomys spinosissimus" LC
***** Wilson's Spiny Mouse "Acomys wilsoni" LC
****Genus: Lophuromys
***** Yellow-spotted Brush-furred Rat "Lophuromys flavopunctatus" LC
***** Rusty-bellied Brush-furred Rat "Lophuromys sikapusi" LC
***Subfamily: Otomyinae
****Genus: Otomys
***** Angoni Vlei Rat "Otomys angoniensis" LC
***** Dent's Vlei Rat "Otomys denti" NT
***** Tanzanian Vlei Rat "Otomys lacustris" NT
***** Afroalpine Vlei Rat "Otomys orestes" DD
***** Uzungwe Vlei Rat "Otomys uzungwensis" EN
***Subfamily: Gerbillinae
****Genus: Gerbillus
***** Harwood's Gerbil "Gerbillus harwoodi" LC
***** Least Gerbil "Gerbillus pusillus" LC
****Genus: Tatera
***** Boehm's Gerbil "Tatera boehmi" LC
***** Gorongoza Gerbil "Tatera inclusa" LC
***** Bushveld Gerbil "Tatera leucogaster" LC
***** Black-tailed Gerbil "Tatera nigricauda" LC
***** Fring-tailed Gerbil "Tatera robusta" LC
***** Savanna Gerbil "Tatera valida" LC
****Genus: Taterillus
***** Harrington's Tateril "Taterillus harringtoni" LC
***Subfamily: Murinae
****Genus: Aethomys
***** Red Rock Rat "Aethomys chrysophilus" LC
***** Hinde's Rock Rat "Aethomys hindei" LC
***** Kaiser's Rock Rat "Aethomys kaiseri" LC
****Genus: Arvicanthis
***** Nairobi Grass Rat "Arvicanthis nairobae" LC
***** African Grass Rat "Arvicanthis niloticus" LC
***** Somali Grass Rat "Arvicanthis somalicus" DD
****Genus: Dasymys
***** Common Dasymys "Dasymys incomtus" LC
****Genus: Grammomys
***** Woodland Thicket Rat "Grammomys dolichurus" LC
***** Ruwenzori Thicket Rat "Grammomys ibeanus" LC
***** Macmillan's Thicket Rat "Grammomys macmillani" LC
****Genus: Hylomyscus
***** Montane Wood Mouse "Hylomyscus denniae" LC
***** Stella Wood Mouse "Hylomyscus stella" LC
****Genus: Lemniscomys
***** Single-striped Grass Mouse "Lemniscomys rosalia" LC
***** Typical Striped Grass Mouse "Lemniscomys striatus" LC
***** Heuglin's Lemniscomys "Lemniscomys zebra" LC
****Genus: Mastomys
***** Natal Multimammate Mouse "Mastomys natalensis" LC
***** Dwarf Multimammate Mouse "Mastomys pernanus" DD
****Genus: Mus
***** African Pygmy Mouse "Mus minutoides" LC
***** Neave's Mouse "Mus neavei" DD
***** Thomas's Pygmy Mouse "Mus sorella" LC
***** Delicate Mouse "Mus tenellus" LC
***** Gray-bellied Pygmy Mouse "Mus triton" LC
****Genus: Mylomys
***** Mill Rat "Mylomys dybowskii" LC
****Genus: Myomyscus
***** Brockman's Myomyscus "Myomyscus brockmani" LC
****Genus: Oenomys
***** Rufous-nosed Rats "Oenomys hypoxanthus" LC
****Genus: Pelomys
***** Creek Groove-toothed Swamp Rat "Pelomys fallax" LC
***** Hopkins's Groove-toothed Swamp Rat "Pelomys hopkinsi" VU
***** Least Groove-toothed Swamp Rat "Pelomys minor" LC
****Genus: Praomys
***** East African Praomys "Praomys delectorum" NT
***** Jackson's Soft-furred Mouse "Praomys jacksoni" LC
****Genus: Rhabdomys
***** Four-striped Grass Mouse "Rhabdomys pumilio" LC
****Genus: Thallomys
***** Loring's Rat "Thallomys loringi" LC
***** Acacia rat "Thallomys paedulcus" LC
****Genus: Zelotomys
***** Hildegarde's Zelotomys "Zelotomys hildegardeae" LC

Order: Lagomorpha (lagomorphs)

----

The lagomorphs comprise two families, Leporidae (hares and rabbits), and Ochotonidae (pikas). Though they can resemble rodents, and were classified as a superfamily in that order until the early twentieth century, they have since been considered a separate order. They differ from rodents in a number of physical characteristics, such as having four incisors in the upper jaw rather than two.

*Family: Leporidae (rabbits, hares)
**Genus: Pronolagus
*** Smith's Red Rockhare "Pronolagus rupestris" LR/lc
**Genus: Lepus
*** Cape Hare "Lepus capensis" LR/lc
*** African Savanna Hare "Lepus microtis" LR/lc

Order: Erinaceomorpha (hedgehogs and gymnures)

----

The order Erinaceomorpha contains a single family, Erinaceidae, which comprise the hedgehogs and gymnures. The hedgehogs are easily recognised by their spines while gymnures look more like large rats.

*Family: Erinaceidae (hedgehogs)
**Subfamily: Erinaceinae
***Genus: Atelerix
**** Four-toed Hedgehog "Atelerix albiventris" LR/lc

Order: Soricomorpha (shrews, moles, and soledons)

----The "shrew-forms" are insectivorous mammals. The shrews and soledons closely resemble mice while the moles are stout bodied burrowers.

*Family: Soricidae (shrews)
**Subfamily: Crocidurinae
***Genus: Crocidura
**** Highlands Shrew "Crocidura allex" LC
**** Reddish-gray Musk Shrew "Crocidura cyanea" LC
**** Desperate Shrew "Crocidura desperata" EN
**** Elgon Shrew "Crocidura elgonius" LC
**** Fischer's Shrew "Crocidura fischeri" DD
**** Tiny Musk Shrew "Crocidura fuscomurina" LC
**** Peter's Musk Shrew "Crocidura gracilipes" DD
**** Hildegarde's Shrew "Crocidura hildegardeae" LC
**** Lesser Red Musk Shrew "Crocidura hirta" LC
**** Greater Gray-brown Musk Shrew "Crocidura luna" LC
**** Rombo Shrew "Crocidura monax" DD
**** Montane White-toothed Shrew "Crocidura montis" LC
**** Tiny White-toothed Shrew "Crocidura nanilla" LC
**** Olivier's Shrew "Crocidura olivieri" LC
**** Small-footed Shrew "Crocidura parvipes" LC
**** Roosvelt's Shrew "Crocidura roosevelti" LC
**** Lesser Gray-brown Musk Shrew "Crocidura silacea" LC
**** Tanzanian Shrew "Crocidura tansaniana" VU
**** Telford's Shrew "Crocidura telfordi" EN
**** Tumultuous Shrew "Crocidura turba" LC
**** Usambara Shrew "Crocidura usambarae" EN
**** Vermiculate Shrew "Crocidura xantippe" LC
***Genus: Suncus
**** Least Dwarf Shrew "Suncus infinitesimus" LC
**** Greater Dwarf Shrew "Suncus lixus" LC
**** Lesser Dwarf Shrew "Suncus varilla" LC
***Genus: Sylvisorex
**** Grant's Shrew "Sylvisorex granti" LC
**** Howell's Shrew "Sylvisorex howelli" VU
**** Johnston's Shrew "Sylvisorex johnstoni" LC
**** Climbing Shrew "Sylvisorex megalura" LC
**Subfamily: Myosoricinae
***Genus: Myosorex
**** Geata Mouse Shrew "Myosorex geata" DD
**** Kihaule's Mouse Shrew "Myosorex kihaulei" EN
**** Kilimanjaro Mouse Shrew "Myosorex zinki" VU

Order: Chiroptera (bats)

----The bats' most distinguishing feature is that their forelimbs are developed as wings, making them the only mammals in the world naturally capable of flight. Bat species account for about 20% of all mammals.

*Family: Pteropodidae (flying foxes, Old World fruit bats)
**Subfamily: Pteropodinae
***Genus: Eidolon
**** Straw-coloured Fruit Bat "Eidolon helvum" LC
***Genus: Epomophorus
**** Peters's Epauletted Fruit Bat "Epomophorus crypturus" LC
**** Ethiopian Epauletted Fruit Bat "Epomophorus labiatus" LC
**** East African Epauletted Fruit Bat "Epomophorus minimus" LC
**** Wahlberg's Epauletted Fruit Bat "Epomophorus wahlbergi" LC
***Genus: Epomops
**** Dobson's Fruit Bat "Epomops dobsoni" LC
**** Franquet's Epauletted Fruit Bat "Epomops franqueti" LC
***Genus: Lissonycteris
**** Angolan Rousette "Lissonycteris angolensis" LC
***Genus: Micropteropus
**** Peter's Dwarf Epauletted Fruit Bat "Micropteropus pusillus" LC
***Genus: Myonycteris
**** East African Little Collared Fruit Bat "Myonycteris relicta" VU
***Genus: Pteropus
**** "Pteropus seychellensis" LC
**** Pemba Flying Fox "Pteropus voeltzkowi" VU
***Genus: Rousettus
**** Egyptian fruit bat "Rousettus aegyptiacus" LC
**** Long-haired Rousette "Rousettus lanosus" LC
*Family: Vespertilionidae
**Subfamily: Kerivoulinae
***Genus: Kerivoula
**** Tanzanian Woolly Bat "Kerivoula africana" EN
**** Damara Woolly Bat "Kerivoula argentata" LC
**** Lesser Woolly Bat "Kerivoula lanosa" LC
**Subfamily: Myotinae
***Genus: Myotis
**** Rufous Mouse-eared Bat "Myotis bocagii" LC
**** Cape Hairy Bat "Myotis tricolor" LC
**** Welwitch's Bat "Myotis welwitschii" LC
**Subfamily: Vespertilioninae
***Genus: Glauconycteris
**** Silvered Bat "Glauconycteris argentata" LC
**** Butterfly Bat "Glauconycteris variegata" LC
***Genus: Laephotis
**** Botswanan Long-eared Bat "Laephotis botswanae" LC
**** De Winton's Long-eared Bat "Laephotis wintoni" LC
***Genus: Mimetillus
**** Moloney's Flat-headed Bat "Mimetillus moloneyi" LC
***Genus: Neoromicia
**** Cape Serotine "Neoromicia capensis" LC
**** Heller's Pipistrelle "Neoromicia helios" DD
**** Melck's House Bat "Neoromicia melckorum" DD
**** Banana Pipistrelle "Neoromicia nanus" LC
**** Rendall's Serotine "Neoromicia rendalli" LC
**** Somali Serotine "Neoromicia somalicus" LC
**** White-winged Serotine "Neoromicia tenuipinnis" LC
***Genus: Nycticeinops
**** Schlieffen's Twilight Bat "Nycticeinops schlieffeni" LC
***Genus: Pipistrellus
**** Dar-es-salaam Pipistrelle "Pipistrellus permixtus" DD
**** RÜppel's Pipistrelle "Pipistrellus rueppelli" LC
**** Rusty Pipistrelle "Pipistrellus rusticus" LC
***Genus: Scotoecus
**** Light-winged Lesser House Bat "Scotoecus albofuscus" DD
**** Hinde's Lesser House Bat "Scotoecus hindei" DD
**** Dark-winged Lesser House Bat "Scotoecus hirundo" DD
***Genus: Scotophilus
**** African Yellow Bat "Scotophilus dinganii" LC
**** Schreber's Yellow Bat "Scotophilus nigrita" NT
**** Greenish Yellow Bat "Scotophilus viridis" LC
**Subfamily: Miniopterinae
***Genus: Miniopterus
**** Greater Long-fingered Bat "Miniopterus inflatus" LC
**** Least Long-fingered Bat "Miniopterus minor" NT
**** Natal Long-fingered Bat "Miniopterus natalensis" NT
*Family: Molossidae
**Genus: Chaerephon
*** Gland-tailed Free-tailed Bat "Chaerephon bemmeleni" LC
*** Spotted Free-tailed Bat "Chaerephon bivittata" LC
*** Lappet-eared Free-tailed Bat "Chaerephon major" LC
*** Nigerian Free-tailed Bat "Chaerephon nigeriae" LC
*** Little Free-tailed Bat "Chaerephon pumila" LC
**Genus: Mops
*** Sierra Leone Free-tailed Bat "Mops brachypterus" LC
*** Angolan Free-tailed Bat "Mops condylurus" LC
*** Midas Free-tailed Bat "Mops midas" LC
**Genus: Otomops
*** Large-eared Free-tailed Bat "Otomops martiensseni" NT
**Genus: Tadarida
*** Egyptian Free-tailed Bat "Tadarida aegyptiaca" LC
*** Madagascan Large Free-tailed Bat "Tadarida fulminans" LC
*** African Giant Free-tailed Bat "Tadarida ventralis" NT
*Family: Emballonuridae
**Genus: Coleura
*** African Sheath-tailed Bat "Coleura afra" LC
**Genus: Taphozous
*** Hamilton's Tomb Bat "Taphozous hamiltoni" NT
*** Hildegarde's Tomb Bat "Taphozous hildegardeae" VU
*** Mauritian Tomb Bat "Taphozous mauritianus" LC
*** Naked-rumped Tomb Bat "Taphozous nudiventris" LC
*** Egyptian Tomb Bat "Taphozous perforatus" LC
*Family: Nycteridae
**Genus: Nycteris
*** Bate's Slit-Faced Bat "Nycteris arge" LC
*** "Nycteris aurita" DD
*** Large Slit-Faced Bat "Nycteris grandis" LC
*** Hairy Slit-Faced Bat "Nycteris hispida" LC
*** Intermediate Slit-Faced Bat "Nycteris intermedia" NT
*** Large-Eared Slit-Faced Bat "Nycteris macrotis" LC
*** Dwarf Slit-Faced Bat "Nycteris nana" LC
*** Egyptian Slit-Faced Bat "Nycteris thebaica" LC
*** Wood's Slit-Faced Bat "Nycteris woodi" NT
*Family: Megadermatidae
**Genus: Cardioderma
*** Heart-nosed Bat "Cardioderma cor" LC
**Genus: Lavia
*** Yellow-winged bat "Lavia frons" LC
*Family: Rhinolophidae
**Subfamily: Rhinolophinae
***Genus: Rhinolophus
**** Blasius's Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus blasii" NT
**** Geoffroy's Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus clivosus" LC
**** Darling's Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus darlingi" LC
**** Decken's Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus deckenii" DD
**** Eloquent Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus eloquens" DD
**** RÜppell's Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus fumigatus" LC
**** Hildebrandt's Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus hildebrandti" LC
**** Lander's Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus landeri" LC
**** Maendeleo Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus maendeleo" DD
**** Bushveld Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus simulator" LC
**** Swinny's Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus swinnyi" NT
**Subfamily: Hipposiderinae
***Genus: Asellia
**** Trident Leaf-nosed Bat "Asellia tridens" LC
***Genus: Cloeotis
**** Percival's Trident Bat "Cloeotis percivali" VU
***Genus: Hipposideros
**** Sundevall's Roundleaf Bat "Hipposideros caffer" LC
**** Cyclops Roundleaf Bat "Hipposideros cyclops" LC
**** "Hipposideros gigas" LC
**** "Hipposideros marungensis" NT
**** Noack's Roundleaf Bat "Hipposideros ruber" LC
***Genus: Triaenops
**** Persian Trident Bat "Triaenops persicus" LC

Order: Pholidota (pangolins)

----The order Philodota comprises the eight species of pangolin. Pangolins are anteaters and have the powerful claws, elongated snout and long tongue seen in the other unrelated anteater species.

*Family: Manidae
**Genus: Manis
*** Giant Pangolin "Manis gigantea" LR/lc
*** Ground Pangolin "Manis temminckii" LR/nt
*** Tree Pangolin "Manis tricuspis" LR/lc

Order: Cetacea (whales)

----

The order Cetacea includes whales, dolphins and porpoises. They are the mammals most fully adapted to aquatic life with a spindle-shaped nearly hairless body, protected by a thick layer of blubber, and forelimbs and tail modified to provide propulsion underwater.

*Suborder: Mysticeti
**Family: Balaenopteridae
***Subfamily: Balaenopterinae
****Genus: Balaenoptera
***** Sei Whale "Balaenoptera borealis" EN
***** Bryde's Whale "Balaenoptera edeni" DD
***** Blue Whale "Balaenoptera musculus" EN
***** Fin Whale "Balaenoptera physalus" EN
***Subfamily: Megapterinae
****Genus: Megaptera
***** Humpback Whale "Megaptera novaeangliae" VU
*Suborder: Odontoceti
**Superfamily: Platanistoidea
***Family: Physeteridae
****Genus: Physeter
***** Sperm Whale "Physeter macrocephalus" VU
***Family: Kogiidae
****Genus: Kogia
***** Pygmy Sperm Whale "Kogia breviceps" LR/lc
***** Dwarf Sperm Whale "Kogia sima" LR/lc
***Family: Ziphidae
****Subfamily: Hyperoodontidae
*****Genus: Mesoplodon
****** Blainville's Beaked Whale "Mesoplodon densirostris" DD
****** Ginkgo-toothed Beaked Whale "Mesoplodon ginkgodens" DD
***Family: Delphinidae (marine dolphins)
****Genus: Steno
***** Rough-toothed Dolphin "Steno bredanensis" DD
****Genus: Sousa
***** "Sousa chinensis" DD
****Genus: Tursiops
***** Bottlenose Dolphin "Tursiops aduncus" DD
***** Bottlenose Dolphin "Tursiops truncatus" DD
****Genus: Stenella
***** Pantropical Spotted Dolphin "Stenella attenuata" LR/cd
***** Spinner Dolphin "Stenella longirostris" LR/cd
****Genus: Lagenodelphis
***** Fraser's Dolphin "Lagenodelphis hosei" DD
****Genus: Grampus
***** Risso's Dolphin "Grampus griseus" DD
****Genus: Feresa
***** Pygmy Killer Whale "Feresa attenuata" DD
****Genus: Pseudorca
***** False Killer Whale "Pseudorca crassidens" LR/lc
****Genus: Orcinus
***** Orca "Orcinus orca" LR/cd
****Genus: Globicephala
***** Pilot whale "Globicephala macrorhynchus" LR/cd

Order: Carnivora (carnivores)

----

The carnivores include over 260 species, the majority of which eat meat as their primary dietary item. Carnivores have a characteristic skull shape and dentition.

*Suborder: Feliformia
**Family: Felidae (cats)
***Subfamily: Felinae
****Genus: Acinonyx
***** Cheetah "Acinonyx jubatus" VU
****Genus: Caracal
***** Caracal "Caracal caracal" LC
****Genus: Felis
***** Wildcat "Felis silvestris" LC
****Genus: Leptailurus
***** Serval "Leptailurus serval" LC
***Subfamily: Pantherinae
****Genus: Panthera
***** Lion "Panthera leo" VU
***** Leopard "Panthera pardus" LC
**Family: Viverridae (civets, mongooses, etc.)
***Subfamily: Viverrinae
****Genus: Civettictis
***** African Civet "Civettictis civetta" LR/lc
****Genus: Genetta
***** Angolan Genet "Genetta angolensis" LR/lc
***** Common Genet "Genetta genetta" LR/lc
***** Rusty-spotted Genet "Genetta maculata" LR/lc
***** Servaline Genet "Genetta servalina" LR/lc
**Family: Nandiniidae
***Genus: Nandinia
**** African Palm Civet "Nandinia binotata" LR/lc
**Family: Herpestidae (mongooses)
***Genus: Atilax
**** Marsh Mongoose "Atilax paludinosus" LR/lc
***Genus: Bdeogale
**** Bushy-tailed Mongoose "Bdeogale crassicauda" LR/lc
**** Jackson's Mongoose "Bdeogale jacksoni" VU
***Genus: Galerella
**** Slender Mongoose "Galerella sanguinea" LR/lc
***Genus: Helogale
**** Common Dwarf Mongoose "Helogale parvula" LR/lc
***Genus: Herpestes
**** Egyptian Mongoose "Herpestes ichneumon" LR/lc
**** Long-nosed Mongoose "Herpestes naso" LR/lc
***Genus: Mungos
**** Banded Mongoose "Mungos mungo" LR/lc
***Genus: Rhynchogale
**** Meller's Mongoose "Rhynchogale melleri" LR/lc
**Family: Hyaenidae (hyaenas)
***Genus: Crocuta
**** Spotted Hyena "Crocuta crocuta" LR/cd
***Genus: Hyaena
**** Striped Hyena "Hyaena hyaena" LR/nt
***Genus: Proteles
**** Aardwolf "Proteles cristatus" LR/lc
*Suborder: Caniformia
**Family: Canidae (dogs, foxes)
***Genus: Canis
**** Side-striped Jackal "Canis adustus" LC
**** Golden Jackal "Canis aureus" LC
**** Black-backed Jackal "Canis mesomelas" LC
***Genus: Otocyon
**** Bat-eared Fox "Otocyon megalotis" LC
***Genus: Lycaon
**** African Wild Dog "Lycaon pictus" EN
**Family: Mustelidae (mustelids)
***Genus: Ictonyx
**** Striped Polecat "Ictonyx striatus" LR/lc
***Genus: Poecilogale
**** African Striped Weasel "Poecilogale albinucha" LR/lc
***Genus: Mellivora
**** Ratel "Mellivora capensis" LR/lc
***Genus: Lutra
**** Speckle-throated Otter "Lutra maculicollis" LC
***Genus: Aonyx
**** African Clawless Otter "Aonyx capensis" LC

Order: Perissodactyla (odd-toed ungulates)

----The odd-toed ungulates are browsing and grazing mammals. They are usually large to very large, and have relatively simple stomachs and a large middle toe.

*Family: Equidae (horses etc.)
**Genus: Equus
*** Burchell's Zebra "Equus burchellii" LC
*Family: Rhinocerotidae
**Genus: Diceros
*** Black Rhinoceros "Diceros bicornis" CR

Order: Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates)

----
[
Thomson's Gazelle] The even-toed ungulates are ungulates whose weight is borne about equally by the third and fourth toes, rather than mostly or entirely by the third as in perissodactyls. There are about 220 artiodactyl species, including many that are of great economic importance to humans.

*Family: Suidae (pigs)
**Subfamily: Phacochoerinae
***Genus: Phacochoerus
**** Warthog "Phacochoerus africanus" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Suinae
***Genus: Hylochoerus
**** Giant forest hog "Hylochoerus meinertzhageni" LR/lc
***Genus: Potamochoerus
**** Bushpig "Potamochoerus larvatus" LR/lc
*Family: Hippopotamidae (hippopotamuses)
**Genus: Hippopotamus
*** Hippopotamus "Hippopotamus amphibius" VU
*Family: Giraffidae (giraffe, okapi)
**Genus: Giraffa
*** Giraffe "Giraffa camelopardalis" LR/cd
*Family: Bovidae (cattle, antelope, sheep, goats)
**Subfamily: Alcelaphinae
***Genus: Alcelaphus
**** Hartebeest "Alcelaphus buselaphus" LR/cd
**** Lichtenstein's Hartebeest "Alcelaphus lichtensteinii" LR/cd
***Genus: Connochaetes
**** Blue Wildebeest "Connochaetes taurinus" LR/cd
***Genus: Damaliscus
**** Topi "Damaliscus lunatus" LR/cd
**Subfamily: Antilopinae
***Genus: Gazella
**** Grant's Gazelle "Gazella granti" LR/cd
**** Thomson's Gazelle "Gazella thomsonii" LR/cd
***Genus: Litocranius
**** Gerenuk "Litocranius walleri" LR/cd
***Genus: Madoqua
**** Kirk's Dik-dik "Madoqua kirkii" LR/lc
***Genus: Neotragus
**** Suni "Neotragus moschatus" LR/cd
***Genus: Oreotragus
**** Klipspringer "Oreotragus oreotragus" LR/cd
***Genus: Ourebia
**** Oribi "Ourebia ourebi" LR/cd
***Genus: Raphicerus
**** Steenbok "Raphicerus campestris" LR/lc
**** Sharpe's Grysbok "Raphicerus sharpei" LR/cd
**Subfamily: Bovinae
***Genus: Syncerus
**** African Buffalo "Syncerus caffer" LR/cd
***Genus: Tragelaphus
**** Lesser Kudu "Tragelaphus imberbis" LR/cd
**** Common Eland "Tragelaphus oryx" LR/cd
**** Bushbuck "Tragelaphus scriptus" LR/lc
**** Sitatunga "Tragelaphus spekii" LR/nt
**** Greater Kudu "Tragelaphus strepsiceros" LR/cd
**Subfamily: Cephalophinae
***Genus: Cephalophus
**** Ader's Duiker "Cephalophus adersi" CR
**** Peters's Duiker "Cephalophus callipygus" LR/nt
**** Harvey's Duiker "Cephalophus harveyi" LR/cd
**** Blue Duiker "Cephalophus monticola" LR/lc
**** Red Forest Duiker "Cephalophus natalensis" LR/cd
**** Abbott's Duiker "Cephalophus spadix" VU
**** Weyns's Duiker "Cephalophus weynsi" LR/nt
***Genus: Sylvicapra
**** Common Duiker "Sylvicapra grimmia" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Hippotraginae
***Genus: Hippotragus
**** Roan Antelope "Hippotragus equinus" LR/cd
**** Sable Antelope " _la. Hippotragus niger" LR/cd
***Genus: Oryx
**** Gemsbok "Oryx gazella" LR/cd
**Subfamily: Aepycerotinae
***Genus: Aepyceros
**** Impala "Aepyceros melampus" LR/cd
**Subfamily: Reduncinae
***Genus: Kobus
**** Waterbuck "Kobus ellipsiprymnus" LR/cd
**** Kob "Kobus kob" LR/cd
**** Puku "Kobus vardonii" LR/cd
***Genus: Redunca
**** Southern Reedbuck "Redunca arundinum" LR/cd
**** Mountain Reedbuck "Redunca fulvorufula" LC
**** Bohor Reedbuck "Redunca redunca" LR/cd

Notes

References

*cite web
url=http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/search.php?kingname=ANIMALIA&phyname=CHORDATA&claname=MAMMALIA&freetext=&modifier=phrase&criteria=wholedb&taxa_species=1&redlistCategory%5B0%5D=all&redlistAssessyear%5B0%5D=all&country%5B0%5D=TZ&aquatic%5B0%5D=all&regions%5B0%5D=all&habitats%5B0%5D=all&threats%5B0%5D=all&Submit_x=34&Submit_y=9&extendedResults=0&terrestrial=0&marine=0&freshwater=0&offset=0&sortorder%5B0%5D=spcscientificname&sortorder%5B1%5D=genname&sortorder%5B2%5D=spcname&sortorder%5B3%5D=spcauthor&sortorder%5B4%5D=spcinfrarank&sortorder%5B5%5D=spcinfraepithet&sortorder%5B6%5D=spcinfrarankauthor&sortorder%5B7%5D=spcstockname&sortorder%5B8%5D=comname_comp&sortorder%5B9%5D=rlcabb&sortorder%5B10%5D=rlscriteria&sortorder%5B11%5D=poptrend_code&sortorder%5B12%5D=rlcatcrit2001&sortorder%5B13%5D=spcrecid&sortorder%5B14%5D=kingname&debug=0&taxa_subspc=0&taxa_stock=0&newsort=Genus
title=The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Mammals of Tanzania
publisher=IUCN
date=2001
accessdaymonth = 22 May
accessyear=2007

*cite web
url=http://nmnhgoph.si.edu/msw/
title=Mammal Species of the World
publisher=Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
date=2005
accessdaymonth = 22 May
accessyear=2007

*cite web
url=http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html
title=Animal Diversity Web
publisher=University of Michigan Museum of Zoology
date=1995-2006
accessdaymonth = 22 May
accessyear=2007

ee also

*List of chordate orders
*List of regional mammals lists
*List of prehistoric mammals
*Mammal classification
*New mammal species

External links

* [http://www.fieldmuseum.org/tanzania/default.html Online key to mammals of Tanzania]


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