A homogenizer is a piece of laboratory equipment used for the
homogenizationof various types of material, such as tissue, plant, food, soil, and many others. Many different models have been developed using various physical technologies for disruption. The 'mortar and pestle', already used for thousands of years, is a standard tool even in modern laboratories. More modern solutions are based on blendertype of instruments (also known in the kitchen), bead mills, ultra sonic treatment, high pressure, and many other physical forces. Whereas older technologies just focussed on the disruption of the material, latest technologies also more address quality or environmental aspects, such as cross-contamination, aerosols, risk of infection, or noise.
Homogenization is a very common sample preparation step prior to the analysis of
nucleic acids, proteins, cells, metabolism, pathogens, and many other targets.
* [http://www.proscientific.com PRO Scientific Inc. manufacturer of lab homogenizers]
* [http://www.ika.net IKA Works Inc manufacturer of lab homogenizers]
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