Japanese warship San Buena Ventura

Japanese warship San Buena Ventura

"San Buena Ventura" was a 120 ton ship built in Japan under the direction of the English navigator and adventurer William Adams for the shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu.

The ship was built in 1607, and followed the construction of a smaller 80 ton ship, also by William Adams, which had been used for the charting of the waters around Japan. Tokugawa Ieyasu ordered the second, bigger, ship for travels to other countries.

On 30 September 1609, the Spanish galleon "San Francisco" with a crew of 373 was wrecked on the coast of Chiba, Japan (near the present-day town of Onjuku), and the 317 survivors were received warmly by the Japanese. One of the passengers was the governor of the Philippines, Rodrigo de Vivero y Velasco. He had the opportunity to meet the shogun Tokugawa Hidetada, and the following year his father Tokugawa Ieyasu, meetings in which the Franciscan friar Luis Sotelo, who had been in Japan for a few years, acted as an interpreter.

Ieyasu expressed his desire to expand trade with Nueva España (Mexico) and Spain. Rodrigo de Vivero answered that he could readily organize trade on a scale surpassing that of the Dutch, the main rivals of Spain in Asia at the time. He also offered to send to Japan 50 experts in silver mining from Mexico. In exchange, he asked for the protection of Spanish priests in Japan, support for shipwrecked boats on the Japanese coasts, and the expulsion of Dutch merchants from Japan, the last request being rejected by Ieyasu.

In order for the Spanish to return to Mexico, Ieyasu lent them William Adams's ship, which the Spanish called "San Buena Ventura". The Shogun also lent them the equivalent of 4,000 ducados for the trip.

Rodrigo de Vivero made it back to Mexico on board the ship in 1610. Twenty-two Japanese were also on board, led by Tanaka Shosuke, who became the first recorded Japanese to reach the continent. Luis de Velasco, the viceroy of Nueva España received the 22 Japanese and expressed his great satisfaction at the treatment the Spanish sailors had received in Japan. He confiscated the "San Buena Ventura" however, fearing that the Japanese would become expert at trans-oceanic navigation.

The viceroy of Nueva España decided to send an embassy to Japan in the person of the famous explorer Sebastian Vizcaino.

Vizcaino also had a mission to return the 4,000 ducados and to research "gold and silver islands", supposedly to the east of Japan. He left for Japan on 22 March 1611, and after another shipwreck eventually returned in 1613 onboard the Japanese-built galleon "San Juan Bautista" with the first official Japanese embassy to the Americas and Europe, led by Hasekura Tsunenaga.

ee also

* List of ships of the Japanese Navy

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Japanese warship San Juan Bautista — Replica of the Japanese built 1613 galleon San Juan Bautista, in Ishinomaki, Japan. Career …   Wikipedia

  • List of ships of the Japanese Navy — The following is the list of ships of the Imperial Japanese Navy and the Japan Maritime Self Defense Force.Medieval warships* Atakebune, 16th century coastal battleships. * Red seal ships Around 350 armed sailships, commissioned by the Bakufu in… …   Wikipedia

  • List of World War II topics (J) — # J XX # J Malan Heslop # J. Aird Nesbitt # J. Allen Frear, Jr. # J. B. Stoner # J. Braid # J. C. Gilbert # J. Caleb Boggs # J. Carson Mark # J. D. Salinger # J. D. Tippit # J. Douglas Blackwood # J. F. Lehmann # J. Fraser McLuskey # J. Henry… …   Wikipedia

  • Shōgun (novel) — infobox Book | name = Shōgun title orig = translator = image caption = 1990s paperback edition author = James Clavell cover artist = Ed Vebell (illustrated edition only) country = United States, United Kingdom language = English series = Asian… …   Wikipedia

  • Naval history of Japan — History of Japan Paleolithic 35,000–14,000 BC Jōmon period 14,000–300 BC Yayoi period 300 BC–250 AD Kofun period 250– …   Wikipedia

  • Geschichte der japanischen Seefahrt — Die Geschichte der japanischen Seefahrt geht auf frühe Kontakte mit Staaten des asiatischen Festlandes zu Beginn des Mittelalters zurück. Die japanischen Aktivitäten zur See erreichten einen ersten Höhepunkt im 16. und 17. Jahrhundert in der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • USS Wilkinson (DL-5) — was a Mitscher class destroyer in the United States Navy. She was named for Vice Admiral Theodore Stark Ping Wilkinson USN (1888 ndash;1946). Wilkinson was laid down by the Shipbuilding Division of the Bethlehem Steel Company at Quincy in… …   Wikipedia

  • History of Santa Barbara, California — The History of Santa Barbara, California begins approximately 13,000 years ago with the arrival of the first Native Americans. The Spanish came in the 18th century to occupy and Christianize the area, which became part of Mexico following the… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”