- Bungay, Suffolk
infobox UK place
country = England
population = 4,895 (2001 Census)
region= East of England
postcode_district = NR35
Bungay is a small town in
Suffolk( East Anglia, England), within The Broads National Park. It lies in the Waveneyvalley, about 7 km west of Beccles.
The origin of the name of Bungay is thought to derive from the Anglo-Saxon title 'Bunincga-haye', signifying the land belonging to the tribe of
Bonna, a Saxon chieftain. Due to its high position, protected by the River Waveneyand marshes, the site was in a good defensive position and attracted settlers from early times. During the Roman occupation, Bungay was an important military station; and various Roman artifacts have been found in the region. When the Romans returned to their own homeland in the early 5th century, Britain was invaded by Saxon tribes, and the extensive settlement at Bungay is indicated by the large burial site in the Joyce Road area dating from the 6th - 7th century. Bungay Castlewas built by the Normans, but was later rebuilt by Roger Bigodand his family, who also owned Framlingham Castle. Bungay's village signshows the castle.The 12th century parish churchof St. Mary was once the church of the Benedictine Priory(founded by Gundreda, wife of Roger Bigod) It was here that one of the most famous episodes in Bungay's history occurred:
August 4, 1577at St Mary's Church during a service, the ghostly hound Black Shuck, also known as 'The Black Dog of Bungay' or the ' Snarleyow', is said to have killed two and left another injured. The dog was later believed to have visited the Cathedral of the Marches at Blythburgh(Holy Trinity Church) during the same thunderstorm within an hour of the appearance at Bungay. In that appearance the hound, after charging down the aisle, fled through the North door of the church. Large black scorched gouges can still be seen on the door.
The legend of Black Shuck has inspired several of the town's sporting events. An annual marathon "The Black Dog Marathon" begins in Bungay, and follows the course of the River Waveney and the town's football club is nicknamed the "Black Dogs". Black Shuck was also the subject of a song by
The town was almost destroyed by a great fire in 1688. The central Butter Cross was constructed in 1689 and was the place where local farmers displayed their
butterand other farm produce for sale. Until 1810, there was also a Corn Cross, but this was taken down and replaced by a pump.
Bungay is well-known for its unusually large number of hairdressers, antiques shops, food outlets, pubs and wide range of specialist shops.Fact|date=January 2008 Local firms also include the printers, Clays, and
St. Peter's Brewery, which is based at St. Peter's Hall.
Bungay was home to religious writer
Margaret Barberand early Canadian writer Susanna Moodie, author of Roughing it in the Bush (1852) and other works, was born just outside the town. The novelistSir H. Rider Haggardwas born nearby in Bradenham and presented St. Mary's church with a wooden panel displayed behind the altar. Thomas Miller (1731-1804), the bookseller and antiquarian, settled in Bungay and his publisher son, William Miller (1769-1844), was born there.
* [http://www.bungay-suffolk.co.uk/ Bungay tourist website]
* [http://www.bungay-marathon.co.uk/ Bungay marathon information]
* [http://www.bungay-rbl.co.uk/ Bungay and District Royal British Legion]
* [http://www.secps.co.uk/ St. Edmund's Catholic Primary School]
* [http://www.mythsandlegends.com/mythsandlegends/story8-the-black-dogs-of-bungay.html The black dogs of Bungay] - an animated version of the myth
* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/hometruths/20050718_chickens.shtml The Chicken Roundabout song] BBC coverage of a local modern landmark.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.