- Hifikepunye Pohamba
name = Hifikepunye Lucas Pohamba
President of Namibia
21 March 2005
birth_date = birth date and age|1935|08|18|df=y
spouse = Penexupifo Pohamba
party = SWAPO
Anglican[ [http://www.dispatch.co.za/2005/07/18/Foreign/fnamib.html "Pohamba extends olive branch to Afrikaners"] , Sapa-AFP (Dispatch.co.za), July 18, 2005.]
Hifikepunye Lucas Pohamba (born
August 18, 1935[http://www.klausdierks.com/Biographies/Biographies_P.htm Profile of Pohamba] , Klausdierks.com.] [http://www.parliament.gov.na/ims/pub/biodatadetail.asp?e=59&i=113 National Assembly profile for Pohamba] .] ) is the second and current President of Namibia. He won the 2004 presidential election overwhelmingly as the candidate of the South-West Africa People's Organisation(SWAPO) ruling party, taking office in March 2005. He has also been the President of SWAPO since November 2007.
As a child, he was educated at an Anglican mission. At the age of 25, Pohamba was a founding member of SWAPO in 1960. [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/4007747.stm "Profile: Hifikepunye Pohamba"] , BBC News, 22 November 2004.] He was arrested for his political activity but moved to
Southern Rhodesia, whence he was deported soon afterwards. He then spent four months in prison in Namibia [http://www.mec.gov.na/Government/Our_President/President_CV.htm Curriculum Vitae for Pohamba] , Namibian government website.] before spending two years in Ovambolandunder house arrest.Fact|date=May 2007 In 1964, he went to Lusakato set up SWAPO's Zambian office, and on his return, met the man who was later to become President, Sam Nujoma.Fact|date=May 2007 Until the achievement of Namibian independence, Pohamba represented SWAPO across Africa, although he studied politics in the Soviet Unionfor a time in the early 1980s. He headed SWAPO's 1989 election campaign and was a SWAPO member of the Constituent Assembly, which was in place from November 1989 to March 1990, [ [http://www.parliament.gov.na/ims/pub/getindivs.asp?e=65&en=Constituent%20Assembly%20of%20Namibia%20November%201989%20-%20March%201990 List of members of the Constituent Assembly] , parliament.gov.na.] before becoming a member of the National Assembly at independence in March 1990. He was Minister of Home Affairs from March 1990 to 1995, Minister of Fisheries and Marine Resources from 1995 to 1997, and Minister without Portfolio from 1997 to March 2000. [ [http://www.irinnews.org/Report.aspx?ReportId=13036 "Nujoma names new cabinet"] , IRIN, March 20, 2000.] He was elected as Secretary-General of SWAPO in 1997 and as its Vice-President in 2002. On January 26 2001, he was appointed Minister of Lands, Resettlement and Rehabilitation, ["President appoints ruling party secretary-general new land minister", Nampa, January 26, 2001.] in which position he remained until becoming President in 2005.
Under Pohamba as Minister of Lands, Resettlement and Rehabilitation, Namibia initiated a policy of partial land expropriation from landed white farmers to landless black ones. This policy replaced the previous one of "willing buyer-willing seller". In this respect, he has been considered an ally of
Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe.
Pohamba was selected as SWAPO's candidate for the 2004 presidential election at an extraordinary party congress held in May 2004. He received 213 votes out of 526 in the first round of voting; in the second round, held on
May 30, he won with 341 votes against 167 for Hidipo Hamutenya, having received the support of nearly all of those who had backed third place candidate Nahas Angulain the first round. [Petros Kuteeue, [http://www.namibian.com.na/2004/may/national/04456EAA97.html "Pohamba the winner"] , "The Namibian", May 31, 2004.] In the presidential election, held on November 15/16 2004, Pohamba won with 76.44% of the vote, [ [http://www.eisa.org.za/PDF/eu200403nam.pdf "ELECTION UPDATE 2004, NAMIBIA"] , EISA report, number 3, December 10, 2004, page 9.] in what has been described as a "landslide", but also denounced as flawed by the opposition. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/4030163.stm "Swapo man wins Namibia landslide"] , BBC News, November 21, 2004.] He was backed by Nujoma, who was then serving his third five-year term; Pohamba has been described as Nujoma's hand-picked successor. [ [http://www.voanews.com/english/archive/2004-11/2004-11-14-voa38.cfm "Namibians Prepare to Vote"] , VOA News, November 14, 2004.] Pohamba took office as president on March 21, 2005[ [http://www.voanews.com/english/archive/2005-03/2005-03-21-voa19.cfm "Namibia Swears-in New President"] , VOA News, March 21, 2005.] and has since distinguished himself by careful but decisive moves against corruption.
Although there was speculation that Nujoma would seek re-election as SWAPO President in 2007 and then run for President of Namibia again in 2009, he denied these rumours in early October 2007, saying that he intended to step down as party leader in favour of Pohamba. [ [http://apanews.net/apa.php?page=show_article_eng&id_article=43127 "Former president Nujoma to quit active politics"] , African Press Agency, October 2, 2007.] [ [http://www.news24.com/News24/Africa/News/0,,2-11-1447_2194742,00.html "Namibia's ex-president retires"] , AFP (News24.com), October 3, 2007.] On
November 29 2007, Pohamba was elected as SWAPO President at a party congress; he was the only candidate to be nominated and no voting was deemed necessary. Nujoma said that he was "passing the torch and mantle of leadership to comrade Pohamba". [ [http://www.int.iol.co.za/index.php?set_id=1&click_id=84&art_id=nw20071129225608276C206604 "Nujoma succeeded by Pohamba"] , AFP, November 30, 2007.] The congress also chose Pohamba as the party's only candidate for the 2009 presidential election.Brigitte Weidlich, [http://www.namibian.com.na/2007/December/national/07D1281355.html "A title for Nujoma, brickbats for media"] , "The Namibian", December 3, 2007.] [ [http://www.news24.com/News24/Africa/News/0,,2-11-1447_2231490,00.html "Namibia: Pohamba for 2009 polls"] , News24.com, December 4, 2007.]
Tokyo International Conference on African Development(TICAD-IV), 2008.
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