- .50-70 Government
Infobox Firearm Cartridge
name= .50-70 Government
balsrc= Accurate Powder [http://www.accuratepowder.com/data/PerCaliber2Guide/Rifle/ObsoleteCartridges/50%2070%20Goverment%20page%20366%20to%20367.pdf .50-70 Govt data from Accurate Powder] ] The .50-70 Government cartridge was a black powder round adopted in 1866 for the
Springfield Model 1866Trapdoor Springfield. The cartridge was developed after the unsatisfactory results of the .58 rimfire cartridge for the Model 1865 Trapdoor Springfield.
The .50-70 Government cartridge became the official cartridge of the US military until replaced by the
.45-70 Governmentin 1873, with a pressure limit of 22,500 PSI.
The official nomenclature is .50-70-450. It stands for
Powder Charge convert|70|gr|g black powder
Bullet Weight convert|450|gr|g
Since this cartridge is no longer commercially produced, reloaders have experimented with a variety of bullet weights from 425 to convert|600|gr|g in weight. There is evidence that a reduced load version of this cartridge was officially produced for use in
Sharpscarbines converted to metallic cartridge ammunition, as well as cadet rifles. This used a convert|430|gr|g|sing=on bullet and convert|45|gr|g of powder.
List of rifle cartridges
13 mm caliber
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