Areopagus of Eastern Continental Greece

Areopagus of Eastern Continental Greece

Infobox Former Country
native_name = Ανατολική Χέρσος Ελλάς
conventional_long_name = Eastern Continental Greece
common_name = Eastern Greece
continent = Europe
region = Balkans
country = Greece
status = Provisional
status_text = Regional government in revolt against the Ottoman Empire
government_type = Republic
era = |
year_start = 1821
date_start = March
year_end = 1825
date_end = |
event_pre =
date_pre =
event1 =
date_event1 =
event_post =
date_post = |
p1 = Ottoman Empire
flag_p1 = Ottoman Flag.svg
s1 = First Hellenic Republic
flag_s1 = Flag_of_Greece_(1828-1978).svg|

legislature = Areopagus
capital = Salona (modern Amfissa)
common_languages =Greek
religion = Greek Orthodox|
leader1 =
year_leader1 =
leader2 =
year_leader2 =
leader3 =
year_leader3 =
title_leader =
The Areopagus of Eastern Continental Greece ( _el. Άρειος Πάγος της Ανατολικής Χέρσου Ελλάδος) was a provisional regime that existed in eastern Central Greece during the Greek War of Independence.


During the first stages of the Greek Revolution against the Ottoman Empire, there existed no overall authority over the rebels. Each region separately elected its own assemblies and tried to put together an administration to coordinate the struggle. One of the first such entities was established in eastern continental Greece ("Roumeli").


The uprising began in March, and established itself with the capture of the provincial capital, Salona (modern Amfissa), on 27 March 1821. The Ottoman garrison held out in the citadel until April 10, when the Greeks took it. At the same time, the Greeks suffered a defeat at the battle of Alamana against the army of Omer Vryonis, which resulted in the death of Athanasios Diakos. But the Ottoman advance was stopped at the inn of Gravia, under the leadership of Odysseas Androutsos, who was subsequently named commander-in-chief of Eastern Greece. Vryonis turned towards Boeotia and sacked Livadia, awaiting reinforcements before proceeding towards the Morea. These forces, 8,000 men under Beyran Pasha, were however met and defeated at the Battle of Vassilika, on August 26. This defeat forced Vryonis too to withdraw, securing both Eastern Greece and the Morea.

The Administration of Eastern Greece

In 15-20 November 1821, a council was held in Salona, where the main local notables and military chiefs participated. Under the direction of Theodoros Negris, they set down a proto-constitution for the region, the "Legal Order of Eastern Continental Greece" (Νομική Διάταξις της Ανατολικής Χέρσου Ελλάδος), and established a governing council, the Areopagus, composed of 71 notables from Eastern Greece, Thessaly and Macedonia.

Officially, the Areopagus was superseded by the central Provisional Administration, established in January 1822 after the First National Assembly, but the council continued its existence and exercised considerable authority, albeit in the name of the national government. However, the relationship was often tense, especially as Greece soon entered a phase of virtual civil war.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Areopagus — This article concerns the place where a classical judicial body met. It is also the term for the judicial body which met there. For the 16th century literary movement, see Areopagus (poetry). For the regional government during the Greek War of… …   Wikipedia

  • Areopagus (poetry) — This article concerns the 16th century literary movement. For the place where a classical judicial body met, see Areopagus. For the regional government during the Greek War of Independence, see Areopagus of Eastern Continental Greece. For the… …   Wikipedia

  • Ottoman Greece — History of Greece This article is part of a series …   Wikipedia

  • Greek civil wars of 1824–1825 — Part of the Greek War of Independence Date March 1824 – February 1825 Location Peloponnese Result …   Wikipedia

  • Amfissa — Infobox Greek Dimos name =Amfissa name local =Άμφισσα caption skyline = city city lat deg =38 lat min =32 lon deg =22 lon min =22 elevation min =180 elevation max = periph =Central Greece prefec =Phocis municipality =Amfissa districts =8 mayor… …   Wikipedia

  • Theophilos Kairis — Theóphilos Kaíris Theophilos Kairis (or Kaires; 19 October 1784 – 13 January 1853, Greek: Θεόφιλος Καΐρης; baptismal name Θωμᾶς, Thomas) was a Greek priest and revolutionary. He was born in Andros, Cyclades, Ottoman Greece, as a son of a… …   Wikipedia

  • Lord Byron — For other holders of the title, see Baron Byron. For other uses, see Byron (disambiguation), Lord Byron (disambiguation) and George Byron (disambiguation). The Right Honourable The Lord Byron FRS Portrait of Lord Byron by Thomas Phillips …   Wikipedia

  • Demetrios Ypsilantis — Dimitrios Ypsilantis Δημήτριος Υψηλάντης Born 1793 Constantinople …   Wikipedia

  • Ioannis Kapodistrias — This article is about the Greek politician. For the airport named for him, see Corfu International Airport. Ioannis Kapodistrias Ιωάννης Καποδίστριας Governor of Greece In office …   Wikipedia

  • Yannis Makriyannis — Nickname Makriyannis Born 1797 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”