The sticharion (also "stikharion" or "stichar"; Greek: στιχάριον; Slavonic: стихарь) is a liturgical
vestmentof the Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic Churches, roughly analogous in function to the albof the Western Church. It is a long, narrow robewith loose sleeves, fastened at the neck, and often open down the sides but held shut with buttons. Thus in form, it is close to the dalmaticand tunicleof the Western Church. There is usually a cross embroidered or appliquéd to the center of the back, between the shoulder blades.
The sticharion is often made from
brocadeand worn as an outer vestment by altar servers, readers, subdeacons, and deacons. It is also worn as the undermost vestment by bishops and priests; in this case, it is often made from a simpler fabric, usually white. In the Russian tradition, a bishop's stikharion can be more elaborately embellished than a priest's and is sometimes called a "podsakkosnik/подсаккосник" ("i.e.", "under- sakkos").
Coptic priests usually wear a plain, white sticharion, often without an over vestment. Chaldean and Assyrian priests where a similar
alb-like garment, called a "kottinâ". The Syriac "kuttino" is now almost always white also. The Armenian "patmucan" and Ethiopian "qamis" are similar to the sticharion.
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