Upu, also called Apu-(and Ubi or Upi by some authors), was the region surrounding Damascus of the 1350 BC Amarna letters. Damascus was named "Dimašqu"/"Dimasqu"/-etc-(for example, "Dimaški"-(see: Niya (kingdom)), in the letter correspondence.

The region is only referenced in three letters, EA 53, 189, and 197 (EA is for 'el Amarna'). Etakkama of "Qidšu"-(Kadesh) in the Beqaa-(named the "Amqu") is in partial control, between allegiance to Pharaoh, and conjoining forces with the king of Hatti.

An example of the intrigue is from the last third of EA 53, (entitled: "Of the villain Aitukama"):

:"....:"My lord, if he-(i.e. pharaoh) makes this land a matter of concern to my lord, then may my lord send archers that they may come here. (Only) messengers of my lord have arrived here.:My lord, if Arsawuya of Ruhizzi and Teuwatti of Lapana remain in "Upu", and Tašša-(Tahash) remains in the [Amqu|Am [q] , my lord should also know about them that "Upu" will not belong to my lord. Daily they write to Aitukama-(Etakkama) and say as follows: "Come, tak [e] "Upu" in its entirety.":My lord, just as Dimaški-(Damascus) in "Upu" (falls) at your feet, so "may" Qatna (fall) at your feet. My lord, one asks for life before my messenger. I do not fear [at al] l in the presence of the archers of my lord, "since" the archers belong to my lord. If he sends (them) to me, they will en [ter] Qatna." -EA 53, ("only" lines 52-70(End)).

The intrigue of the three Amarna letters appears to involve areas to the north and northwest of Damascus, into Lebanon and the Beqaa-(named Amqu).

And, for example Tašša, appears to be "Tahash"-Tahaš, named after the biblical 'Tahash' personage; see: Patriarchs (Bible).

ee also

*Biridašwa, letter 197, Title: "Biryawaza's plight"


*Moran, William L. (ed. and trans.) "The Amarna Letters". Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992.

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