Matija Čop

Matija Čop
Matija Čop.

Matija Čop (26 January 1797 – 6 July 1835), also known in German as Matthias Tschop, was a Slovene linguist, literary historian and critic.

Contents

Biography

Čop was born in the small Upper Carniolan town of Žirovnica, in what was then the Habsburg Monarchy (now in Slovenia), into a relatively wealthy peasant family. He was sent to Ljubljana for primary and secondary schooling and then studied philosophy at the lyceums of Ljubljana and Vienna for three years. In 1817, he returned from Vienna and attended a priest seminary until 1820, when he left it to became a secondary school teacher in Rijeka, Croatia. In 1822 he moved to Lvov (then also part of the Austrian Empire), when he started working as a teacher at the local lyceum, but was soon promoted to assistant professor at the Lvov University.

In 1827 he returned to Ljubljana, when he was offered a job as a secondary school teacher again. In 1828, he accepted the post of librarian at the Lyceum, which he held full-time after 1831.

During his time in Ljubljana, be became a close friend of the poet France Prešeren. He served as his tutor, providing him with information on contemporary developments in European literature.

In 1835, at age 38, Čop drowned while bathing in the Sava river. Prešeren dedicated his major poem Baptism at Savica to his late friend.

Influence

Although he did not publish much original work during his lifetime, Čop had a great influence on the later development of Slovene culture. Unlike such contemporaries as the linguist Jernej Kopitar and the poet Stanko Vraz, Čop believed in the possibility of the development of a distinctive Slovenian national culture. He can thus be seen as the predecessor of the Slovenian national awakening in the second part of the 19th century. His broad cosmopolitan education enabled him to recognise the poetic talent of France Prešeren, which remained unnoticed by most of his contemporaries, and to advise him on stylistic and linguistic issues.

Today, Čop is generally regarded as one of the most important Slovenian intellectuals of the 19th century. Several streets, schools and other institutions throughout Slovenia bear his name, among them the fashionable Čop Street in Ljubljana.

Sources

  • Fedora Ferluga Petronio, Jernej Kopitar - Matija Čop. Ljubljana: Filozofska fakulteta, 1996.
  • Janko Kos, Matija Čop. Ljubljana: Partizanska knjiga, 1979.

See also

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Matija Čop — Matija Čop. Matija Čop (26 janvier 1797 – 6 juillet 1835), aussi connu en langue allemande sous le nom de Matthias Tschop, était un linguiste Slovène, un critique et un historien littéraire. Il influença notablement la culture slovène et est… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Matija Čop — Matija Čop. Matija Čop (* 26 de enero de 1797 en Žirovnica Gorenjska – † 6 de julio de 1835), también conocido en alemán como Matthias Tschop, fue un lingüista y crítico literario esloveno. Biografía Čop nació en tiempos de la monarquía de los… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Čop Street — (Slovene: Čopova ulica) is a major thoroughfare in the center of Ljubljana, Slovenia. The street leads from the Main Post Office (Glavna pošta) on Slovenian Street (Slovenska cesta) to Prešeren Square …   Wikipedia

  • List of Slovenian literary historians and critics — *Matija Čop (1797 1835) *Anton Janežič (1828 1869) *Fran Levstik (1831 1887) *Josip Stritar (1836 1923) *Fran Levec (1846 1916) *Frančišek Lampe (1859 1900) *Matija Murko (1861 1952) *Fran Ilešič (1871 1942) *Ivan Prijatelj (1875 1937) *Avgust… …   Wikipedia

  • Чоп Матия — (Matija Čop, 1797 1836) çамечательный лингвист, словинец; говорил на 18 языках. Его небольшое сочинение: Abecedna vojska ( Азбучная война , 1833) много содействовало установлению нынешнего литературного языка и правописания у словинцев.… …   Энциклопедический словарь Ф.А. Брокгауза и И.А. Ефрона

  • Чоп, Матия — (Matija Čop, 1797 1836) замечательный лингвист, словинец; говорил на 18 языках. Его небольшое сочинение: Abecedna vojska ( Азбучная война , 1833) много содействовало установлению нынешнего литературного языка и правописания у словинцев.… …   Энциклопедический словарь Ф.А. Брокгауза и И.А. Ефрона

  • France Prešeren — Infobox Writer name = France Prešeren caption = One of two supposed photographies of France Prešeren birthdate = birth date|1800|12|3|df=y birthplace = Vrba, Carniola, Habsburg Monarchy (now in Slovenia) deathdate = death date|1849|2|8|1849|df=y… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Slovenes — This is a list of Slovenes and people from Slovenia that are famous or notable. Artists / Performing Arts * Zvest Apollonio (1935 ) painter and graphic artist. * Berko (1946 ) painter and graphic artist. * Emerik Bernard (1927 ) painter. * Janez… …   Wikipedia

  • France Prešeren — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda France Prešeren France Prešeren Nombre France Prešeren …   Wikipedia Español

  • Чоп, Матия — словен. Matija Čop Дата рождения …   Википедия

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”