- La Mesa, Colombia
official_name = La Mesa
nickname = La Mesa de Juan Díaz
website = [http://www.lamesa-cundinamarca.gov.co/ www.lamesa-cundinamarca.gov.co]
map_caption = Localization in
Cundinamarca, in Colombia
subdivision_type1 = Departamento
Región del Tequendama
leader_name = José Gustavo Moreno Porras cite web
title=Mayor of La Mesa Cundinamarca
area_total_km2 = 148
population_as_of = 2006 (Census estimate)
population_total = 26,699
population_footnotes = [http://www.dane.gov.co/files/censo2005/regiones/cundinamarca/la_mesa.pdf]
population_urban = 14,041
area_urban_km2 = 2.75
area_rural_km2 = 145
population_density_km2 = 2271.7
utc_offset = -5
utc_offset_DST = -5
latd = 4
latm = 37
lats = 49
latNS = N
longd = 74
longm = 27
longs = 45
longEW = W
elevation_m = 1200
La Mesa is a municipality and town of
Colombiain the department of Cundinamarca. In this city (convert|62|km|mi|abbr=on|disp=/ far from Bogotá) live approx. 27,500 inhabitants.
Its name (The Table in Spanish) comes from its geographical position, located on the top of a
Plateauwith a slightly form of a table of 4 km² (2.5 sq mi) in the middle of the Cordillera Oriental (Colombia)mountains, one of the three forks in which the Andesis divided in Colombia.
Before the spanish came to the Americas, the Panches Indians lived here, they were warriors of notably strong physical race.
This town is known because the Botanical Expedition on the
New Kingdom of Granadawas started there in 1783 by the biologist José Celestino Mutis, an expedition within which studies of fauna and flora were performed. It was also an important trade center during the 19th and part of the 20th century.
In its origins, La Mesa was located in another place near by, with the name of Guayabal. But because of lack of water and too much mud and from order of Pedro Messia de la Zerda, Manuel Guirior and Manuel Antonio Flórez, Spanish Viceroys, it was moved in
1777from the place it was, which had 98 houses and that nowadays is know by the name of Dos Caminos ("Two Roads in Spanish"), to the place where today is located the Main Plaza (Downtown), next to the Carbonera river, today an underground river.
The population of La Mesa was part of the Independence from Spain movement. From there started the first military campaign of
July 20of 1810independence revolution. Actually, 50 men and later 300 more, went to Bogotáon the next day of the declaration of independence to be on the disposition of the Supreme Board of the independence. Also, La Mesa became a training center for army soldiers who fought in the independence cause. From there many heroes were trained, who later were killed defending their ideals by the Spanish troops, some of them in the middle of the Main Plaza.
In four times, the liberator
Simón Bolivarpassed by, in the years of 1821, 1826, 1828 and 1830; also Antonio Nariñoin September of 1813 commanding the Cundinamarca army of the south campaign of the Independence cause.
It's position over the East Mountain Range produces an unusual meteorological phenomenon which consists in intense haze.
This haze is the product of the low and heavy cloud movements, that in the Magdalena Valley, are looking to get the cool places of
Bogotá, when the hot air make them go up.
In clear days is possible to see the snowed
Nevado del Tolimaand Ruiz volcanoes, and the Santa Isabel snow hills, located to the west and the Magdalena Riverto the other side over the Central Mountain Range.
It has an average temperature of convert|24|°C|°F|abbr=on around the year.
[http://www.cundinamarca.gov.co/cundinamarca/municipios/frm_iniciomunicipio.asp?codigo=50 Population] , Retrieved on 2008-07-17.
* [http://www.cundinamarca.gov.co/cundinamarca/municipios/frm_iniciomunicipio.asp?codigo=50 es icon Government of Cundinamarca - La Mesa]
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