- Sport in Cameroon
Sport in Cameroon is practiced widely by the population and advocated by the national government. Cameroonians take great pride in victories at international competitions, making sport an important source of national unity.DeLancey and DeLancey 251.] Traditional sports in
Camerooninclude canoe racing, swimming, tug of war, and wrestling. Wrestling has featured in the initiation rites and other ceremonies of ethnic groups such as the Bakweriand the Duala.Mbaku 185.]
In modern times, sports such as
basketball, boxing, cycling, handball, netball, and table tennishave become popular. [Mbaku 184.] The 40 km (24.8 mi) Mount Cameroon Race of Hopedraws several hundred runners each year. [West 127.] Tourists hike, rock climb, and mountaineer, especially up Mount Cameroon. [West 92.] Yaoundé, Tikoand Kribi have golfcourses.West 93.]
The most popular sport by far is
football (soccer). Virtually every village has its own football pitch, and large numbers of spectators watch games between rival villages. The Cameroon national football teamhas gained world-renown since their strong showing in the 1990 FIFA World Cup. The team has won four African Cup of Nationstitles. Footballer Roger Millais known around the world, and the 2003 death of Marc-Vivien Foéduring a game made international headlines.
Children begin playing sports in primary and secondary school. At the university level, the
National Federation for College and University Sports(FENASCO; _fr. Fédération National des Sports Scholaire et Universitaire) organises school competitions. The agency also handles provincial competitions at the primary-school level and national games at the secondary-school level. [DeLancey and DeLancey 250.] Many sports have their own organising body, including the Cameroon Boxing Federation(FECABOXE), the Cameroon Football Federation(FECAFOOT), and the Cameroon Handball Federation(FECAHAND). The Cameroon Olympic Committeeis another national sports agency, and Cameroon is one of the few tropical countries to have competed in the Winter Olympics.
Sports teams are organised along ethnic lines in Francophone Cameroon and under corporate or departmental sponsorship in Anglophone Cameroon. Teams develop fierce rivalries, and violence is not uncommon during matches. Training of athletes is handled by several sports institutes, including some owned by corporate sponsors, such as the
Brasseries du Cameroun's l'École de Football des Brasseries du Cameroun(EFBC) in Douala.
* DeLancey, Mark W., and Mark Dike DeLancey (2000): "Historical Dictionary of the Republic of Cameroon" (3rd ed.). Lanham, Maryland: The Scarecrow Press.
* Mbaku, John Mukum (2005). "Culture and Customs of Cameroon". Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press.
* West, Ben (2004). "Cameroon: The Bradt Travel Guide". Guilford, Connecticut: The Globe Pequot Press Inc.
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