History of Calvinism

History of Calvinism

Calvinism began as part of the Magisterial Reformation branch of the Protestant Reformation. This article could be considered a subset of:
* History of Christianity
* History of Protestantismand is related to:
* History of the Calvinist-Arminian debate

__TOC__Calvinism has gone through a number of stages.

The First Reformation (1517-1580)

The Protestant Reformation took different forms in different countries. The Calvinist reformations in some of the countries are:

* Switzerland: Reformation in Switzerland
* Scotland: Scottish Reformation
* England: English Reformation
* Netherlands: Dutch Reformation (see also Dutch Reformed Church)
* Hungary: Hungarian Reformation (see also Reformed Church in Hungary)
* France: Huguenots

The Second Reformation (1621-1650)

The second reformation was given different names even in different parts of the English-speaking world. These include

* Switzerland: The Reformation in Switzerland is often considered to have lasted through this time
* Scotland: Second Scottish Reformation (see also Covenanters)
* England:
** Puritan Awakening of the Puritans
** Pilgrims
* Netherlands: Nadere Reformatie ("Another Reformation")

Some of the articles on the First Reformation also cover the second.

The First Great Awakening (1730s and 1740s)

* UK and USA: Just as with the Protestant Reformation, so also the First Great Awakening had its Calvinist branch, as can be seen from the lives of some in the Awakening Generation.
* Netherlands: Nadere Reformatie is also considered to have continued until this time


: "Around 1886"

A version of Calvinism that has been adopted by both theological conservatives and liberals gained influence in the Dutch Reformed churches, late in the 19th century, dubbed "neo-Calvinism", which developed along lines of the theories of Dutch theologian, statesman and journalist, Abraham Kuyper.

Neo-orthodox Calvinism

: "After World War I: 1918+"

Many Calvinists regard Neo-orthodox Calvinism as not being a form of Calvinism at all, as, unlike previous stages in the history of Calvinism, it rejects some of the more basic beliefs of non-neo-orthodox Calvinism

Christian Reconstruction (1958-)

Christian Reconstructionism is a distinct revision of Kuyper's approach, which sharply departs from that root influence through the complete rejection of pluralism, and by formulating suggested applications of the sanctions of Biblical Law for modern civil governments

ee also

* Calvinism

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