- New Romney (UK Parliament constituency)
New Romney Former Cinque Port constituency for the House of Commons 13711832– Number of members Two
New Romney was a Cinque Port, which made it technically of different status from a parliamentary borough, but the difference was purely a nominal one. The constituency consisted of the town of New Romney; it had once been a flourishing port but by the 19th century the harbour had been destroyed and there was no maritime trade, the main economic activity being grazing cattle on Romney Marsh. In 1831, the population of the constituency was 978, and the town contained 165 houses.
The right to vote was reserved to the Mayor and Common Council of the town; however, many of these were customs or excise officers, who were disqualified from voting by a change in the law in 1782, so that in the early 19th century there were only 8 voters. The high proportion of voters holding paid government posts before this change in the law meant that New Romney was sometimes considered to be a "treasury borough" (that is, a constituency whose seats were in the gift of the government); but in practice the Dering family, local landowners, were even more influential and could sometimes defy government pressure.
The Dering influence in New Romney seems mainly to have been achieved by letting out property to voters and their relatives at easy rents and without leases. In 1761, for example, the despairing Whig MP, Rose Fuller, explained to Prime Minister Newcastle that he had no chance of re-election since Dering had turned against him, because "several of the governing men are graziers and the Deering and Furnese family have together a very great estate in the neighbouring marsh which is very profitable to and easy for tenants". The reduction in the number of voters naturally made this influence easier, or at least cheaper, to exert.
New Romney was abolished as a constituency by the Reform Act, the town being incorporated into the new Eastern Kent county division.
Members of Parliament
- 1563: Sir Christopher Alleyne
- 1571: Edmund Morrante
- 1586: William Southland
- 1588: William Southland and Reginald Scot
- 1604-1611: Sir R Remington and John Plommer
- 1621-1622: Sir Peter Manwood and Francis Featherstonehaugh
- 1624-1625: Francis Featherstonehaugh
- 1629-1640: No Parliament
Year First member First party Second member Second party November 1640 Thomas Webb  Royalist (Sir) Norton Knatchbull  Parliamentarian 1641 Richard Browne December 1648 Browne not recorded as sitting after Pride's Purge Knatchbull excluded in Pride's Purge - seat vacant 1653 New Romney was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament and the First and Second Parliaments of the Protectorate January 1659 Lambert Godfrey Sir Robert Honeywood May 1659 Not represented in the restored Rump April 1660 Sir Norton Knatchbull John Knatchbull 1661 Sir Charles Berkeley  1665 Hon. Henry Brouncker  1668 Sir Charles Sedley 1679 Paul Barret 1685 Sir William Goulston Thomas Chudleigh 1689 John Brewer James Chadwick 1690 Sir Charles Sedley 1695 Sir William Twysden  1696 Sir Charles Sedley 1701 Edward Goulston 1702 Sir Benjamin Bathurst 1704 Walter Whitfield 1710 Robert Furnese  1713 Viscount Sondes 1722 David Papillon 1727  John Essington April 1728 Sir Robert Austen Sir Robert Furnese  May 1728 David Papillon  1734 Stephen Bisse 1736 Sir Robert Austen 1741 Henry Furnese Sir Francis Dashwood Tory 1756 Rose Fuller Whig 1761 Sir Edward Dering Tory Thomas Knight 1768 Richard Jackson 1770 John Morton Tory 1774 Sir Edward Dering Tory April 1784 John Smith June 1784 Richard Atkinson 1785 John Henniker 1787 Richard Joseph Sullivan 1790 Sir Elijah Impey 1796 John Fordyce John Willett Willett 1802 Manasseh Lopes  1806 William Windham Whig John Perring Whig 1807 The Earl of Clonmell Tory Hon. George Ashburnham Tory 1812 Admiral Sir John Duckworth Tory William Mitford Tory 1817 Cholmeley Dering Tory 1818 Andrew Strahan Tory Richard Erle-Drax-Grosvenor 1819 Richard Erle-Drax-Grosvenor Whig 1820 George Hay Dawkins-Pennant Tory 1826 George Tapps Tory 1830 Arthur Hill-Trevor Tory William Miles Tory  March 1831 Sir Roger Gresley Tory April 1831 Sir Edward Cholmeley Dering Tory 1832 Constituency abolished
- ^ "Scott, Reginald". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
- ^ Expelled for being a monopolist, January 1641
- ^ Created a baronet, August 1641
- ^ Created Viscount Fitzhardinge (in the Peerage of Ireland), July 1663
- ^ Expelled from the House of Commons on 21 April 1668 for his actions at the Battle of Lowestoft in 1665, when he falsified a signal which prevented the English navy pursuing the defeated Dutch fleet and capitalising on their victory
- ^ Twysden was also elected for Appleby, which he chose to represent, and never sat for New Romney
- ^ Succeeded to a baronetcy as Sir Robert Furnese, November 1712
- ^ At the election of 1727, Essington and Papillon were returned as elected, but on petition they were held not to have been duly elected
- ^ Furnese was also elected for Kent, which he chose to represent, and did not sit again for New Romney
- ^ Papillon was re-elected in 1734 but had also been elected for Dover, which he chose to represent, and did not sit again for New Romney
- ^ Created a baronet, November 1805
- ^ Created a baronet, 1859
- Robert Beatson, "A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament" (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807) 
- D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
- Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) 
- Lewis Namier, The Structure of Politics at the Accession of George III (2nd edition - London: St Martin's Press, 1961)
- J E Neale, The Elizabethan House of Commons (London: Jonathan Cape, 1949)
- T H B Oldfield, The Representative History of Great Britain and Ireland (London: Baldwin, Cradock & Joy, 1816)
- J Holladay Philbin, Parliamentary Representation 1832 - England and Wales (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1965)
- Henry Stooks Smith, The Parliaments of England from 1715 to 1847 (2nd edition, edited by FWS Craig - Chichester: Parliamentary Reference Publications, 1973)
- Frederic A Youngs, jr, "Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol I" (London: Royal Historical Society, 1979)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "N" (part 2)
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