The Misfits (film)

The Misfits (film)

name = The Misfits

imdb_id = 0055184
writer = Arthur Miller
starring = Clark Gable
Marilyn Monroe
Montgomery Clift
Thelma Ritter
Eli Wallach
Kevin McCarthy
James Barton
director = John Huston
editing = George Tomasini
producer = Frank E. Taylor
music = Alex North
distributor = United Artists/Seven Arts
released = February 1, 1961
runtime = 124 min.
language = English
budget = $ 4 million

"The Misfits" is a 1961 American drama film, written by Arthur Miller, directed by John Huston, and starring Clark Gable, Marilyn Monroe, Montgomery Clift, Eli Wallach, and Thelma Ritter. It was the final film appearance for Gable and Monroe. Even though it wasn't a commercial success at the time of its release, it has later garnered critical respect for its script as well as the leading performances. The difficult production process of "The Misfits" has been widely documented.


"The Misfits" takes place in Reno. It depicts the chance meeting and friendship of a depressed divorcée, Roslyn Taber (Monroe), and Gay Langland (Gable), an aging ex-cowboy prone to gambling and surviving on mustang rustling. He sells the horses to slaughterhouses for the manufacture of dog food. Wallach plays Guido, Langland's pilot partner, and Clift plays Perce Howland, a drifter rodeo rider. The rodeo scenes were filmed in Dayton, Nevada, east of Carson City. The climax takes place during wrangling scenes on a dry Nevada lakebed in the Black Rock Desert.

Principal cast

*Clark Gable as Gay Langland
*Marilyn Monroe as Roslyn Taber
*Montgomery Clift as Perce Howland
*Thelma Ritter as Isabelle Steers
*Eli Wallach as Guido
*James Barton as Fletcher's grandfather
*Kevin McCarthy as Raymond Taber
*Estelle Winwood as the church lady


The making of "The Misfits" was troublesome due to several factors, not the least of which were the heat of the northern Nevada desert and the breakdown of the marriage of Monroe and the movie's scriptwriter Arthur Miller.

Director Huston gambled and drank through some nights, and occasionally fell asleep on the set. The production company had to cover for some of his gambling losses. His then-lover Marietta Peabody Tree had an uncredited part. Arthur Miller wrote new pages throughout the shoot, editing and revising the script as the concepts of the film evolved.

Marilyn Monroe was sinking further into alcohol and prescription drugs. Huston shut down production in August 1960 to send Monroe to a hospital for detox. Close-ups after her release were shot using soft focus. Monroe was nearly always late to the set, sometimes not showing up. She spent her nights learning lines with drama coach Paula Strasberg. Monroe's confidant and masseur, Ralph Roberts, was cast as an ambulance attendant in the film's rodeo scene.

Gable insisted on doing his own stunts, including being dragged about 400 feet across the dry lakebed at more than 30 miles per hour.

In a documentary about the making of "The Misfits", Eli Wallach told a story of Huston directing a scene where Wallach was at a bar with Gable. Huston told him that the most intoxicated he, himself, had ever been was the day before, even though he had seemed sober. The lesson was that an intoxicated person tries to act sober.

Thomas B. Allen was assigned to create drawings of the film as it was made. Magnum photo agency had staff photographers including Inge Morath assigned to document the making of "The Misfits".

During production, the lead cast stayed at the Mapes Hotel in Reno. Film locations included the Washoe County Court House on Virginia Street, and nearby Pyramid Lake. The bar scene where Monroe plays paddle ball was filmed in Dayton, Nevada, east of Carson City.Filming was completed on November 4, 1960 and "The Misfits" was released on 1 February 1961.


Three days after filming ended, Gable suffered a heart attack, and died 11 days later. Monroe and Clift attended the premiere in New York in February 1961, while Monroe was on pass from a psychiatric hospital. Within a year and a half, Monroe was dead of a drug overdose. "The Misfits" was the last completed film for both Monroe and Gable, her childhood screen idol.

Montgomery Clift, who had been badly injured in an automobile accident in 1956 and had to undergo reconstructive surgery on his face, died four years after the filming. Thelma Ritter died eight years after the movie was made. Eli Wallach went on to a career that extends into the 21st century. In all, four of the film's five top-billed actors died within that decade, three of them from heart attacks.

Magnum Photos was given exclusive rights to take pictures of the making of the movie. Photographs taken by Inge Morath and Eve Arnold, among others, have been on display at various exhibitions around the world. Morath and Arthur Miller were married in 1962 and their union lasted 40 years until her death in 2002.

Miller's autobiography, "Timebends" (1987), described the making of the film.The 2001 PBS documentary, "Making The Misfits", did the same. Miller's last play, "Finishing the Picture" (2004), although fiction, was largely based on the events involved in the making of "The Misfits".

Commercial and critical reception

Despite on-set difficulties, Monroe, Clift, and Gable delivered performances that modern movie critics consider superb. [ [ The Misfits - Movie Reviews, Trailers, Pictures - Rotten Tomatoes ] ] Monroe received the 1961 Golden Globe Award as World Film Favorite in March, 1962. Directors Guild of America nominated Huston as best director.

There were high expectations for the film, given the star power of its writer, director, and lead actors. Producer Frank E. Taylor had heralded "The Misfits" as "the ultimate motion picture" before its release.

"The Misfits" was met with mixed reviews and failed to meet expectations at the box office, but it has since developed a cult following. Despite being shot in black and white, the final cost was about $4 million. It was said to be the most expensive black and white film made to that point in time. Its original domestic gross was just over its estimated budget of $4,000,000, making 4,100,000 dollars in its initial USA release. It has brought larger profits to United Artists since its release on DVD.

The horror punk band the Misfits derived its title from this film, because of original lead singer Glenn Danzig's interest in Marilyn Monroe. Outside the Misfits, Danzig also produced a song called "Who Killed Marilyn?".


Further reading

*Goode, James (1963). "The Making of The Misfits". Limelight Editions. ISBN 0-87910-065-6. A detailed day-to-day account on the shooting of the film, written by a journalist.

External links

* [ Site on the production of "The Misfits"]
* [ Site on the making of "The Misfits", including an extensive gallery]

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