- Berkner Island
name = Berkner
image caption = Berkner Island shown within Antarctica
coordinates = coord|78|19|S|46|20|W|display=inline
total islands =
major islands =
area = convert|43873.1|km2|sqmi|0|abbr=on
rank = 31st
length = convert|320|km|mi|0|abbr=on
width = convert|135|km|mi|0|abbr=on
highest mount = Thyssenhöhe
elevation = convert|869|m|ft|0|abbr=on
population as of =
ethnic groups =
country = Antarctica
additional info = Administered under the
Antarctic Treaty System
Berkner Island or Berkner Ice Rise or Hubley Island is a high and completely
ice-covered large islandabout 320 km (200 miles) long and 135 km (85 miles) wide in Antarctica, with an area of 43873.1 km² (16939.42 mi²). It is the second largest island of both Antarctica and the British Antarctic Territory, after Alexander Island. It is also located within the Argentine Antarctic claim. Berkner Island is the southernmost island of the world, a title that is sometimes incorrectly awarded to Ross Island. Berkner Island is however - other than Ross Island - not accessible from the sea, since it is completely surrounded by ice shelf. The northernmost point of the island is still about 17 km from the open sea.
The island rises to 869 m (975 m or 3,200 ft according to other sources) and separates
Ronne Ice Shelffrom the Filchner Ice Shelf. It is characterized by two domes, "Reinwarthhöhe" in the north (698 m), at coord|78|19|S|46|20|W|, and "Thyssenhöhe" in the south (869 m), at coord|79|34|S|45|42|W|. It is indented by three bays on the eastern side, which are from north to south: McCarthy Inlet, Roberts Inlet, and Spilhouse Inlet. Gould Bay is on the north coast. Berkner Island is about 150 km west of Luitpold Coast, Coats Land, the closest mainland of Eastern Antarctica. 17 km off the northwest corner of Berkner Island is Hemmen Ice Rise.
Berkner Island was discovered by members of the United States-
International Geophysical Year(US-IGY) party at Ellsworth Stationunder the leadership of Capt. Finn Ronne, United States Navy Reserve(USNR), during the 1957-1958 season. Berkner Island was named by the United States Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names(US-ACAN) for American physicist Lloyd Berkner, engineer with the Byrd Antarctic Expedition(1928-1930).
Since 1990, Berkner Island has been a jumping off point for a number of long distance polar expeditions. In 2009
SOUTH.com, the first unsupported return journey to the South Pole, will begin from there.
In the 1994/1995 field season the
British Antarctic Survey, Alfred Wegener Institute and the Forschungsstelle für Physikalische Glaziologie of the University of Münstercooperated in a project drilling ice cores on the North and South Domes of Berkner Island.
List of antarctic and sub-antarctic islands
* [http://webserver.bkg.bund.de/kartographie/Stagn/Antarktis_neu/BKG_Antarctic_maps/PDF-Maps/61v_PTM_1Mill_ST2124_Berkner_Island_1991.pdf Map of Berkner Island (PDF)]
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