- Hughenden, Queensland
Infobox Australian Place | type = town
name = Hughenden
state = qld
lga = Flinders Shire
postcode = 4821
pop = 1,154 (2006 census)
maxtemp = 31.6
mintemp = 16.6
rainfall = 491.3
stategov = Charters Towers
fedgov = Kennedy
dist1 = 1438
dist2 = 383
dist3 = 523
location3= Mount Isa
Hughenden is a town in
Queensland, Australiasituated on the banks of the Flinders River. It was named after Hughenden Manor, the home of former British Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli.
Torrens Creek near Hughenden is where the Americans stored explosives in world war 2. The Americans didn't know of the dangerous bush fires out there. After they put out a fire they went back to camp thinking that the fire was out. However, the fire took hold again without them knowing. They then heard about twelve major explosions in succession; the explosions left craters twenty feet deep. Hot shrapnel covered a wide area and started more fires. In the townships, people said that buildings shook and windows broke, and some people were convinced that an air raid had occurred. Thousands of soldiers and civilians attacked the blaze in an attempt to stop it spreading to fuel dumps, but were unable to control it. When the fire got to the explosives it was so powerful it blew the Americans out of their trucks. Many buildings and shops got burnt down from the spreading fires. However the locals were able to save the post office. A police Constable from Torrens Creek Police was awarded the King’s Medal of Bravery. [ [http://www.hughenden.com/Document1.aspx?id=820 History] ]
Hughenden is located on the Flinders Highway, 376 kilometres west of Townsville and 1400 kilometres north-west of
Brisbane, the state capital. The region around Hughenden is a major centre for the grazing of sheep and cattle. the main feed is annual grasses known as Flinders grass, which grow rapidly on the (by Australian standards) fertile grey or brown cracking clay soils after rain between November and March. However, because the rainfall is extremely erratic - at Hughenden itself it has ranged from 126 millimetres (5 inches) in 1926 to 1,051 millimetres (41 inches) in 1950 - droughts and floods are normal and stock number fluctuate greatly.
The runoff from the Flinders River is much too erratic to provide a sustainable supply for any crop-growing via
Hughenden has a dry, tropical climate. Temperatures can very from around 44ºC in the Summer months to as low as minus 2ºC, but maximum temperatures are usually a very hot 36°C in summer and a very warm 25°C in June and July. Minima range from 22°C in summer to around 10°C in winter. On average, a minimum below 2°C is recorded once per year.
The average annual rainfall is around 490mm (19 inches), of which over three-quarters fall from November to March. Between May and September, rainfall in extremely rare: the
medianrainfall is zero in August, less than 2mm (0.1 inch) in July and September and less than 10mm (0.4 inch) in April, May, June and October. Variability is extreme, however, and totals as high as 800mm (32 inches) occur roughly one year in ten, whilst in the driest years as little as 127mm (5 inches) can be recorded. Between December and March, monthly totals can exceed 330mm (13 inches) if the monsoonis vigorous. [Wilcox, Jacqui and Young, Phillip; "Queensland's rainfall history : graphs of rainfall averages, 1880-1988"; published 1991 by Queensland Department of Primary Industries. ISBN 0724239138 ]
Humidity is generally low except when the monsoon is active, when relatively lower temperatures accompany high humidity. The same applies to cloudiness: in the dry winter months over twenty days are completely clear.
It is thought that by the year 2025, Hughenden will be a very different town. The Council and community groups have discussed putting in place a range of initiatives so that Hughenden’s future is positive. Hughenden has taken advantage of being at the crossroads of two major highways. Land sales in Hughenden Industrial Estate have shown high growth with Stage 1 all sold and stage 2 and 3 being rushed through the Council so the next development can start. With the Industrial Estate growing, residential growth will also grow, making Hughenden well placed for growth. [ [http://www.nqacc.org.au/downloads/NQACC_newsletter_dec06.pdf Hughenden Growth] ]
The Flinders Whisper is a free, local weekly newsletter that is published in Hughenden by the Great Northern
Telecentre. Over 1200 copies of 'The Whisper' are distributed throughout Hughenden, Richmond, Prairie, Torrens Creek, Stanford and Pentland.
Hughenden has a large range of sports on offer, including pony clubs, swimming, lawn bowls, golf, netball, tennis, campdrafting, rugby league, and gymnastics. [ [http://www.hughenden.com/Document1.aspx?id=798 Hughenden - Community Groups] , accessed
4 July, 2008.]
Apart from agricultural business, Hughenden also boasts a replica of the
Muttaburrasaurus, a dinosaur, whose bones were discovered in 1963 near Muttaburra (220 km by road from Hughenden)and some teeth and other bones were also discovered around Hughenden. One reason for fossils being discovered must be the dry climate, which means the rocks are usually bare of vegetation. The town is home to the Hughenden Dinosaur Festival, which attracts tourists and includes entertainment and other events. [ [http://www.hughenden.com/Document1.aspx?id=800 Events] ] Other annual events include the Hughenden Show, held the first week end in June; the Hughenden Country Music Festival, held every Easter week end and the Bullride and Race Day which is held in September. The Matron's Ball is also a popular annual event. In August 2008, Hughenden will be hosting the first Arid Lands Festival and The Great Hughenden Camel Endurance Challenge. [ [http://www.aridlandsaustralia.org/ Arid Lands Australia Incorporated] , accessed 22 March, 2008.]
* "The Railways of Hughenden" Knowles, J.W. Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, April, 1965
* [http://www.hughenden.com Community website.]
* [http://www.ewhisper.hughenden.com Flinders EWhisper]
* [http://www.walkabout.com.au/locations/QLDHughenden.shtml Walkabout page on Hughenden]
* [http://maps.google.com/maps?ll=-20.847073,144.203281&spn=0.114481,0.162100&t=k&hl=en Google Maps]
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