- Armistice Day
Armistice Day is the anniversary of the symbolic end of
World War Ion 11 November, 1918. It commemorates the armistice signed between the Allies and Germanyat Compiègne, France, for the cessation of hostilities on the Western Front, which took effect at eleven o'clock in the morning - the "eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month." While this official date to mark the end of the war reflects the ceasefire on the Western Front, hostilities continued in other regions, especially across the former Russian Empireand in parts of the old Ottoman Empire.
The date was a national holiday in many of the former allied nations to allow people to commemorate those members of the armed forces who were killed during war. This day in
Polandis national day(also a public holiday) called " Polish Independence Day". After World War II, it was changed to Veterans Dayin the United Statesand to Remembrance Dayin the British Commonwealth of Nations. Armistice Day is an official holiday in France. It is also an official holiday in Belgium, known also as the day of peace in the Flanders Fields.
In many parts of the world people take a two minute
moment of silenceat "11:00 a.m." as a sign of respect for the roughly eight million who died in the war, as suggested by Edward George Honeyin a letter to a British newspaper although Wellesley Tudor Poleestablished two ceremonial periods of remembrance based on events in 1917. [cite web|url=http://www.rsa.org.nz/remem/rsa_hist_ceremony.html|title=RSA - Remembrance - The Remembrance Ceremony|publisher= Royal New Zealand Returned and Services' Association|accessdate=2008-05-16] [cite web|url=http://www.networkoflight.org/links/lamplighter6.htm|title=The Lamplighter Movement|accessdate=2008-05-16] In Germanyhowever, it coincides with the official beginning of the carnival season.
Beginning in 1939 the two-minute silence was moved to the Sunday nearest
11 Novemberin order not to interfere with wartime production should 11 Novemberfall on a weekday. Since the 1990s a growing number of people have observed a two-minute silence on 11 November, resulting in both Armistice Day and Remembrance Sundaybeing commemorated formally in the UK (although in 2007 they fell on the same day). 11 November 2008will be the 90th anniversary of Armistice Day.
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