Al-Qa'im (caliph)

Al-Qa'im (caliph)

Al-Qa'im ( _ar. القائم) (died 1075) was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 1031 to 1075. He was the son of the previous Caliph al-Qadir. During the first half of al-Qa'im's long reign, hardly a day passed in the capital without turmoil. Frequently the city was left without a ruler; the Buwayhid ruler was often forced to flee the capital. Meanwhile the Seljuk dynasty arose.

Toghrül overran Syria and Armenia. He then cast an eye upon Baghdad. It was at a moment when the city was in the last agony of violence and fanaticism. Toghrül, under cover of intended pilgrimage to Mecca, entered Iraq with a heavy force, and assuring the Caliph of pacific views and subservience to his authority, begged permission to visit the Capital. The Turks and Buwayhids were unfavorable, but Toghrül was acknowledged as Sultan by the Caliph in the public prayers. A few days after, Toghrül himself, — having sworn to be true not only to the Caliph, but also to the Buwayhid, Malik Rahim, made his entry into the Capital, where he was well received both by chiefs and people.

During this and the previous Caliphs' period, literature, especially Persian literature, flourished under the patronage of the Buwayhids. The philosopher al-Farabi, of Turkish descent, died in 950; Al-Mutanebbi, acknowledged in the East as the greatest of Arabic poets, and himself an Arab, in 965; and the greatest of all, Abu Ali Husain ibn Abdallah ibn Sina (Avicenna) in 1037.

In 1058 in Bahrain, a dispute over the reading of the reading of the khutba in Al-Qa'im's name between members of the Abd al-Qays tribe and the millenarian Ismaili Qarmatian state prompted a revolt led by Abu al-Bahlul al-Awwam that threw off Qarmatian rule and led to the unravelling of the Qarmatian state which finally collapsed in Al-Hasa in 1067 [Curtis E. Larsen. "Life and Land Use on the Bahrain Islands: The Geoarchaeology of an Ancient Society" University Of Chicago Press, 1984 p65] .


*"This text is adapted from William Muir's public domain, The Caliphate: Its Rise, Decline, and Fall."

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • CALIPH — CALIPH, in Arabic khalīfa, means successor, deputy, or representative. It is generally considered to be an abbreviation of khalīfat rasūl Allāh, successor of the Messenger of God, but recent research suggests that originally the title may have… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • caliph — [kā′lif; ] also [, kal′if] n. [ME & OFr calife < Ar khalīfa, caliph, successor < khalafa, succeed] supreme ruler: the title taken by Mohammed s successors as secular and religious heads of Islam …   English World dictionary

  • Caliph — Ca liph (k[=a] l[i^]f), n. [OE. caliphe, califfe, F. calife (cf. Sp. califa), fr. Ar. khal[=i]fan successor, fr. khalafa to succed (i. e. a successor of Mohammed).] Successor or vicar; the civil and religious leader of a Muslim state; a title of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • caliph — late 14c., from O.Fr. caliphe (12c., also algalife), from M.L. califa, from Arabic khalifa successor, originally Abu Bakr, who succeeded Muhammad in the role of leader of the faithful after the prophet s death …   Etymology dictionary

  • caliph — is pronounced kay lif and is spelt with a c . Other spellings have fallen out of use …   Modern English usage

  • caliph — ► NOUN historical ▪ the chief Muslim civil and religious ruler, regarded as the successor of Muhammad. DERIVATIVES caliphate noun. ORIGIN Arabic, deputy of God …   English terms dictionary

  • Caliph — This article is about the Muslim head of state. For other meanings of Caliph , see Caliph (disambiguation). Caliph of the Faithful خليفة Residence Medina Damascus Baghdad Cairo Istanbul …   Wikipedia

  • Caliph —    According to Sunni Islamic tradition, the rightful successor to the Prophet Muhammad and therefore empowered to lead the entire Muslim community. After the death of Muhammad, the first four Caliphs, Abu Bakr (r. 632 – 634), Umar ibn al Khattab …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • caliph — caliphal /kal euh feuhl, kay leuh /, adj. /kay lif, kal if/, n. 1. a spiritual leader of Islam, claiming succession from Muhammad. 2. any of the former Muslim rulers of Baghdad (until 1258) and of the Ottoman Empire (from 1571 until 1924). Also,… …   Universalium

  • caliph — [[t]ke͟ɪlɪf[/t]] caliphs also calif N COUNT; N TITLE A Caliph was a Muslim ruler. ...the caliph of Baghdad …   English dictionary

  • caliph — UK [ˈkeɪlɪf] / US / US [ˈkælɪf] noun [countable] Word forms caliph : singular caliph plural caliphs a Muslim man who was a religious and political leader in the past …   English dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”