- Green Lantern Corps
caption = Five members of the new Green Lantern Corps from "Green Lantern Corps #1". Featured:
Kilowog, Guy Gardner, Isamot Kol, Soranik Natuand Vath Sarn. Art by Patrick Gleason.
team_name = Green Lantern Corps
debut = "Showcase" #22 (September-October 1959).
John Broome Gil Kane
List of Green Lanterns
sortkey=Green Lantern CorpsThe
fictionalGreen Lantern Corps is an intergalactic policeforce featured in DC Comics, particularly featuring the superhero Green Lantern, Earth’s member of the group.
The Green Lantern Corps patrols the reaches of space at the behest of the
Guardians of the Universe, a race of immortals as old as the universe, vastly powerful, noble-minded and hyper-intelligent, but also arrogant and obstinately committed to ancient traditions. The Guardians created the Green Lantern Corps some three billion years ago and the force has survived multiple rebellions, murders and collapses from within and outside. The Guardians administer the Corps from the planet Oaat the center of the universe. The Guardians divided the universe into 3,600 “sectors” and choose two natives of each sector to serve as that sector's protectors. Thus the Corps holds 7,200 members, plus additional numbers serving in roles not linked to particular sectors (such as drill instructors and the honor guard). Each Green Lantern is given a power ring, a fantastic weapon and artifact granting the bearer incredible power limited only by their willpower.
In the early days of the universe, natives of the overpopulated planet Maltus evolved into immortals of great power. They subsequently settled the planet Oa and declared themselves the Guardians of the Universe and enemies of evil after one of their own, the renegade Maltusian scientist Krona, performed a forbidden experiment that had terrible consequences for the universe at large.
Exactly what those consequences were have varied with different versions of the stories; originally, it was supposed to have unleashed evil in the first place. Later, it was attributed to have created the
AntimatterUniverse of Qward. Later still, it was used as the explanation for the existence of parallel universes in the DC Multiverse(and the creation of the Monitor), which eventually led to the rearrangement of Time itself, as seen in the Crisis on Infinite Earths. Finally, it has been stated that it accelerated entropy, shortening the duration of the universe by a billion years.
Some of the Guardians, however, disagreed on how to deal with the chaos that had been unleashed. One group, calling itself the Controllers, separated itself from the others and favored using more violent methods to achieve their ends (a later interpretation says they left over a disagreement on how to use the Manhunters - see below). They would later found the
Darkstarsorganization. The female Maltusians, feeling no need to involve themselves in the situation, also left, becoming later known as the Zamarons.
In their first attempt to enforce their will and guard against menaces of all sorts, about 3.5 billion years ago the Guardians created a legion of robotic sentinels called the Manhunters. At first serving faithfully to enforce order, in time the Manhunters came to resent their servitude and the moral restrictions the guardians decreed of them. They were also found to be inherently flawed due to their inability to recognize or feel emotions. They rebelled against the Guardians and fought a millennia long war that culminated with an attack on the planet Oa. The Guardians overcame their android servants, stripped them of their power and banished them across the universe. Eventually, the surviving Manhunters formed their own robotic society and pursued their own interpretation of their original mission (which often included interfering with and foiling the plans of the Guardians).
In the "Martian Manhunter" series, the Guardians first get the idea for an intergalactic police force from the Martians' own Manhunters. They offer the Martian race the opportunity to be that force. They turn it down, but the Guardians take the name for the androids.
Creation of the Corps
Chastened by the failure of the Manhunters, the Guardians decided that their newest force of soldiers for good would consist of living beings, ones who had free will and strong moral character. To arm this new legion of celestial knights, the Guardians created the "Power Rings," rings of inconceivably-advanced technology that allowed their wearers to project green beams of energy with which the bearer could conjure objects of any size or shape, limited only by their imagination and willpower.
Although the connection between the Guardian Oans and the origin of the Green Lantern symbol has yet to be clarified, it has been revealed that the lantern itself has its roots in the first life in the universe. Allegedly, the first life in the galaxy emerged on an unnamed foggy world, and when they developed a police force - the first in the universe - the constabulary carried a lantern lit with a green chemical flame, hence a corp of Green Lanterns. It is intimated that this ideal was adopted and spread throughout the galaxy as a symbol for law and justice and its ability to pierce confusion and uncertainty, eventually resulting in the formation of the Green Lantern Corps, with requisite Power Rings and Lantern-shaped batteries along traditional lines. Initially consisting of only a few dozen agents at a time, the Corps radically increased its numbers approximately 1000 years ago. The Guardians sought to bring order to the planet known as
Apokolips. Home to Darkseid, a galactic tyrant, Apokolips was and is a stronghold of evil. Green Lantern Raker Qarrigatsought to remove Darkseid from power, only to be humbled by Darkseid's might. Raker returned to Oa, where he convinced the Guardians that taking Apokolips would require an army. Authorized to start a massive recruitment, Raker and his fellow Lanterns inducted thousands of new members, bringing total membership up to 3600.
Crisis and aftermath
Both the Corps and the Guardians suffered casualties during the Crisis on Infinite Earths. The Guardians' failure to take appropriate action during the Crisis led to their decision to depart Oa in the company of their female counterparts, the
Zamarons. Left to their own devices, the Corps underwent a major reorganization. A team of Green Lanterns led by Hal Jordanwas stationed on Earth, and the system of assigning one Green Lantern to a sector was temporarily abandoned. The decision of the Corps to execute Sinestroresulted in the activation of a previously unknown fail-safe that depowered the rings of every Green Lantern except for Hal Jordan, Guy Gardner, G'nortand Ch'p.
The Guardians eventually returned to Oa and began the reconstruction of the Corps, assigning Guy Gardner to Earth, John Stewart to the
Mosaic World, and Hal Jordanto recruit new members. Ironically, Jordan himself would eventually be responsible for destroying the incarnation of the Corps that he had helped create.
Fall of the Corps
The Green Lantern Corps patrolled the
DC Universefor over three billion years. In that vast length of time, some Green Lanterns rebelled and turned against the Corps. A rogue Green Lantern, Universo, was briefly shown to exist in the future epoch of the Legion of Super-Heroes, but multiple retcons have long since eliminated this possible future. Two of the most important fallen Lanterns were Sinestro, the rogue Green Lantern, and Hal Jordan, who would unknowingly become possessed by Parallax the ancient fear parasite trapped in the Battery. At the ruins of his home Coast City, Jordan was consumed by grief, which in turn allowed him to be overcome by fear... all the while not knowing that his fear was tainted by the creature Parallax.
The Green Lantern Corps ranks were decimated by the Parallax-possessed Jordan. The Corps' power source, the Central Power Battery, was extinguished; and Oa was destroyed, removing the original power source for the rings.
After the fall of the Corps, other organizations tried to fill in the power vacuum left by the Guardians. Two organizations had initial notable successes: the
Darkstarsand L.E.G.I.O.N.However, neither ever achieved the power and reach of the Green Lantern Corps.
The Lost Lanterns
The Lost Lanterns were members of the Corps at the time Parallax overcame Hal Jordan, and made up the group that was trying to stop Parallax from reaching Oa. Parallax defeated them in space and left them for dead (they were most of the GLs that were popular and well-known to readers at the time, which made Hal's/Parallax's actions all the more controversial). After Parallax destroyed the Corps, they were assumed to be dead, so all the time that Kyle was GL, nobody was looking for them. As it turns out, instead of being dead, they were captured by the Manhunters and taken to Biot, the Manhunter homeworld in Sector 3601. They were used in various experiments to design and power new Manhunter models. They were eventually found and rescued by the resurrected Hal Jordan (who was after a new Manhunter who had come to Earth) and Guy Gardner, and they re-joined the Corps. They've had some trouble getting over their captivity, and still more or less blame Hal for it. They each have their own sectors, but tend to stick together when on Oa.
Rebirth of the Corps
Hal Jordansacrificed his life re-igniting the sun, where upon Oa and the Central Power Battery were completely rebuilt by the physical manifestation of Jordan’s dying will channeled through his old friend and confidant Tom Kalmaku. Shortly thereafter, Kyle Rayner, having absorbed the power of Parallax and Oblivion, becoming Ion, funneled the remaining energy left in the sun that was once the immortal Guardians back into the Central Power Battery where they were reborn as children. The resurrections did not stop there. It was discovered that Hal Jordanhad been possessed by the living embodiment of fear, an ancient parasite called Parallax. Parallax had been imprisoned within the Central Power Battery for billions of years and is the mysterious "Yellow Impurity" within the Corps' green light that leaves them vulnerable against yellow. Hal Jordan, upon learning the truth about Parallax, separated himself from it and was reborn as a Green Lantern once again. Jordan, with the help of John Stewart, Guy Gardner, Kyle Raynerand Kilowog, re-imprisoned Parallax. Upon Parallax's return to the central power battery, the Guardians continued the re-construction and expansion of the Green Lantern Corps. This new Corps, under the training of Kilowog, Kyle Rayner, Guy Gardner and other veterans, was primarily composed of new recruits. Only a handful of veteran Lanterns remained in the ranks. Each sector has two Lanterns assigned to protect it (with Hal Jordan and John Stewart assigned as the protectors of Earth). Due to an ancient pact with the Spider Guild, the Vega star system is off limits to all members of the Corps.
With 3600 sectors and two Green Lanterns per sector, it may be many years before the Corps can regain its former strength, as it presently lacks both the manpower and the political influence it once had due to its years-long absence from many sectors. This has left the Corps currently unable to intervene in situations it might have before Parallax destroyed the old Corps, including conflicts such as the
Rann-Thanagar War. The Guardians remain staunchly uninvolved in what they see as a conflict that could destabilize many sectors, but that has not stopped Kyle Rayner and Kilowog from helping refugees.
Despite these difficulties, the Corps played a key role in defeating
Superboy-Prime. Several Lanterns were killed slowing the renegade Superboy's advance on Oa, a sacrifice that enabled Earth's most powerful heroes to execute their plan to restrain him. Mogo, a sentient planet and Corps member, positioned himself to act as a final battleground between Superboy-Prime and two Supermen. Responsibility for imprisoning Superboy-Prime was undertaken by the Guardians who charged the Corps with its undertaking, incarcerating him inside a small red Sun-Eaterwith fifty Green Lanterns on constant guard duty. "Prime Duty" is considered one of the lowlier functions of the Corps, and Guy Gardner was sentenced to a month of such duty for one of his frequent rules infractions.
As of the "
One Year Later" timeframe, the Green Lantern Corps had increased its numbers, with many former trainees now full-fledged officers. A lack of truly experienced GLs remained an issue, with Guy Gardner being called upon often to assist the rookies.
Rogue Green Lantern
Sinestro, working with the Anti-Monitor, has created his own version of the Corps. Dubbed the " Sinestro Corps", it recruits beings capable of generating great fear. Armed with yellow Power Rings and Lanterns manufactured on Qward, the Sinestro Corps recently staged an attack on Oa, killing dozens of GLC officers, kidnapping Kyle Rayner and freeing Superboy-Prime, Parallax and the Cyborg Superman from the Corps' supervision.
As the Sinestro Corps' campaign of terror spreads, the Guardians, in desperation, rewrite the first Law of Ten in the Book of Oa, enabling the remaining Lanterns to use lethal force.
The Blackest Night
Hidden in the Book of Oa is the forbidden chapter of Cosmic Revelations; In Cosmic Revelations is the prophecy called the "Blackest Night". In the prophecy, seven different colored corps are at war with each other and will eventually destroy each other and the universe.
Following the Sinestro Corps War,
Ganthetand Saydare banished from the Guardians. Realizing that the "Blackest Night" prophecy will come to be, they create a blue ring powered by hope. The remaining Guardians have created the Alpha-Lanterns and will be revealing the new laws to the rest of the Green Lantern Corps as time goes on.
The seven corps involved in Blackest Night include:
*Red Lantern Corps. Created by the remnants of the
Empire of Tears. Their power rings are fueled by rage/ hate. Atrocitusis the first to create a red lantern. As an individual capable of hating all beings equally, former lost Lantern, Laira, is the perfect candidate to be a Red Lantern.
*Orange Lantern Corps. Their rings are powered by
avarice( greed) which is being sought by the Controllers. In interviews writer Geoff Johns mentioned a character named "Agent Orange" to appear soon.
*The Yellow or
Sinestro Corps. Created by Sinestroand the Anti-Monitor. Their power rings are powered by fear.
*Green Lantern Corps. Created by the
Guardians of the Universe. Their power rings are powered by willpower.
*Blue Lantern Corps. Created by
Ganthetand Sayd. Their rings are powered by hope. According to Geoff Johns, there will be a Blue Lantern walrus named Baboo. [ [http://www.606studios.com/bendisboard/showpost.php?p=4741279&postcount=1 Jinxworld Forums - View Single Post - Dr. Catclops ] ]
*Indigo Lantern Corps. The Indigo Lanterns wield staffs powered by
*Violet Lantern Corps. Created by the
Zamarons. Their rings are powered by love. The Star Sapphire functions as their Central Power Battery.
Further complicating matters is the Black Lantern Corps. The Black Lantern power rings reanimate the dead and draw power from a Central Power Battery that contains the
Anti-Monitor. The Black Lantern power rings bear the symbol of Black Hand. It remains unknown by what emotion they are powered, or who is in control of the group.
The 3600 sectors
The Corps is an organization of 7200+ Green Lanterns (the old Corps was composed of 3600) who are chosen by the ring for being able to overcome great fear, with two assigned to each sector of space that require the protection of more than one Green Lantern (Earth, home to
Hal Jordanand John Stewart, is in Sector 2814). Heavily-populated Sectors like 2814 can have several Lanterns. While the primary Lanterns of Sector 2814 are Hal Jordan and John Stewart, Kyle Raynerand Guy Gardner call Earth home, but are stationed on Oa, first as teachers, and then specially assigned to cases that are too difficult for the average GL. The official number of active Lanterns apparently does not include backup members who are kept in reserve to be called to active duty on short notice in the event that the regular Lantern in their particular sector is not available. In the original organization, the active list was apparently kept at a strict maximum considering John Stewart was not mobilized during the Nekroncrisis despite the situation's dire nature.
The specific arrangement of the sectors has changed over the years. If the universe is viewed as a sphere (or oblate spheroid), the sectors were originally described as wedges of that sphere, each 1/10 of one degree wide. This effectively meant that each Lantern had a sector of infinite size, since the universe is theoretically infinite. Later, sectors were described as being of non-standard location and size. A large area of vacuum between galaxies might be one large sector, while a galaxy like the Milky Way may comprise several sectors. The latest description amends the original one - sectors are now a one-degree by eighteen-degree section of the sphere-shaped universe, with the origin points meeting at Oa, which is located at the center of the universe. While this still results in an infinitely-sized sector, is not as spread out. Since the sectors all meet and begin on Oa, this means that Oa is in every lantern's sector, and while a Lantern is on Oa, he is technically still patrolling his home sector.
Each member has a great deal of autonomy as to their methods in their jurisdiction, subject to review by the Guardians if they feel the Green Lantern in question has abused their assigned authority. The individual Lanterns are responsible for arranging their replacements (when possible) if they are near retirement or death. If a Lantern dies before that obligation is met, the ring will find and seek another to be trained on its own, It is recently reveled Mogo plays a key role in this. Which is why the sinistro corps tryed to destroy him. In rare circumstances, Guardians will personally go out into the field to recruit a replacement.
Upon recruitment each Green Lantern in the original Corps received a Power Ring, a Power Battery shaped like a lantern (with which the ring is recharged), and a uniform. The default uniform design for humanoids was a green section covering the torso and shoulders, black arms and leggings, green boots, white gloves, green
domino maskand a chest symbol of a stylized Green Lantern icon on a white circle. Lanterns were allowed to customize their uniforms as long as the color scheme and the symbol were present. When the nature of the being precludes a standard uniform, an equivalent arrangement is expected as a substitute. For instance, Mogo, a sentient planet, arranges his foliage to create a green circling band and lantern symbol on his body. Jack T. Chance, a humanoid, refused to wear a uniform, but conceded to wearing a badge on the lapel of his coat. Lanterns were also allowed the option of a secret identityas a security measure and it is implied that the Corps were instructed to honor that choice by taking care not to expose them. Training in the use of the ring was optional and appropriate facilities and personnel were available on Oa upon request. In addition, a senior Lantern can be assigned to coach a recruit while in the field in their sector.
The New Green Lantern Corps being built by the Guardians is far more formal and structured than the old one that was destroyed by Parallax. Recruits, after being found by their Power Rings, are taken to Oa for training. Not all recruits will make it through training - indeed a great many of them might even fail, forcing the ring to find another candidate. Lantern trainees have a simplified version of the old Green Lantern uniform (with green covering more of the torso) with the white circle on their chest blank, presumably until the Lantern insignia is added upon completion of their training. Additionally, all Power Rings, not just Kyle Rayner's ring, now work on the color yellow, provided the user can feel the fear behind the color and overcome it.
Upon recruitment, a Green Lantern is expected to uphold certain principles of their duty. These principles include:
#The protection of life and liberty within the assigned sector.
#Following the orders of the Guardians without question.
#Noninterference with a planet's culture, political structure, or its population's collective will.
#Acting within local laws and obeying the local authority within reason. (Presumably, The Guardians' orders can overrule this when necessary).
#Taking no action against anyone or anything until they are proven to be a threat against life and liberty.
#Refusing to use the equipment, resources or authority of The Corps for personal gain.
#Showing respect for and cooperating with other members of the Corps and the Guardians.
#Showing respect for life which includes restraint of force unless there is no reasonable alternative.
#Giving top priority to the greatest danger in the assigned sector.
#Upholding the honor of the Corps.
To enforce these principles, the Guardians closely monitor the activities of the Lanterns. If they feel a violation of Corps regulations has occurred, they will summon the offender to Oa and hold a trial in which the charges are read and the Lantern is allowed to explain their actions. If the Guardians are not satisfied by the explanation, they have a number of disciplinary options which include:
*Personal supervision by the Guardians on Oa.
*Temporary exile from the Lantern's homeworld.
*Ritual Trial of Endurance - a Lantern must attempt a dangerous passage through the Anti-Matter Universe.
*Expulsion from the Corps.
Oa - Corps Headquarters
Green Lantern Corps headquarters are on the planet
Oa, in the center of the universe. Oa was destroyed shortly after Hal Jordan became Parallax, but was later reconstituted by Jordan's friend Tom Kalmaku. Formerly a natural if barren planet, the reconstructed Oa is now a vast labyrinthine planet-sized construct. Primary features include a great hall for the Guardians to meet in conference, training facilities for recruits, prisons called Sciencells for dangerous criminals, and tombs dedicated to honoring fallen lanterns. Oa's most prominent feature is the Central Power Battery, a gigantic version of the Lanterns' personal power batteries. The central battery channels the same green energy of the Guardians and amplifies it, broadcasting energy to the individual power batteries across the universe which can then be used to charge the Lanterns' power rings. Particularly dangerous beings, such as Sinestro or Parallax, are sometimes imprisoned within the central battery. Maintaining security on this device is vital as major damage to it would prevent individual Corpsmen throughout the universe from recharging their power rings, thus depowering the entire Corps in a single blow.
The Guardians recently increased the capabilities of Oa's defensive systems by creating an armored structure that protects the planet.
Crimson Mantle of Command and Corps Leader
After helping the Corps defeat Krona and
Nekron, Hal Jordanis offered “The Crimson Mantle of Command, symbol of those who would become Corps Leader!” Jordan declines the honor, on the grounds that he is “no different than any other ring-slinger” who did “what any GL would have done given the chance!” Whether the rank and offer still stand remains to be seen.
Green Lantern Honor Guard
The Green Lantern Honor Guard is an elite group of Green Lanterns, based on Oa but not restricted to one Sector, who serve as troubleshooters and special operatives. Green Lantern Guy Gardner was promoted to primary membership in the Honor Guard as Lantern number one (by contrast, Hal Jordan is 2814.1 and John Stewart is 2814.2), during the "Green Lantern Corps: Recharge" miniseries. Guy also serves as field commander during battle. ["Infinite Crisis" #7, 2006"] In the aftermath of the Sinestro Corps War, with the Ion entity removed from his body, Kyle Rayner has been added to the Green Lantern Honor Guard as Guy's partner.
"The Corpse" is an elite, top-secret
Black Opsdivision of the Green Lantern Corps. Members of The Corpse are not restricted by the same rules that regular Lanterns follow, and they perform the darkest, most dangerous missions. These members do not use Power Rings; instead, they swallow special coin-like disks that give them all of the powers of the standard ring for a limited time. These disks produce purple energy instead of the traditional green. Members of the "Corpse" do not wear Green Lantern uniforms, or display the Green Lantern symbol. Instead, they seem to prefer black uniforms that have no symbol. They are also not bound to rules such as the restriction of using lethal force like the main Green Lantern Corps, though since The Sinestro Corps War, the main Green Lantern Corps have been enabled use of lethal force against Sinestro Corps members, and later all enemies of the Green Lantern Corps.
Very few Lanterns are even aware of the existence of the "Corpse". Guy Gardner said that in all of his years in the Corps, he never heard of them and after participating in a mission with the Corpse, his memory of them was erased. With the recent authorization of lethal force for the Corps in the aftermath of the Sinestro Corps War, the future and necessity of the Corpse remains unknown.
The Alpha Lanterns
After the Sinestro Corps War, the Guardians create a new class of Green Lantern called the Alpha Lanterns. The Alpha Lanterns are seasoned Corpsmen who have been fused with their Power Rings and Batteries.
Boodikka, Varix, Kraken, Green Man and Chaselon are all confirmed Alpha Lanterns; Hal Jordanis notably not chosen, and John Stewart is chosen but he declines the position. Geoff Johns stated in an interview with IGNthat the Alpha Lanterns function as Internal Affairsfor the Green Lantern CorpsFact|date=June 2008 - Hal Jordan refers to them in the same manner. They have "the sentient drive and thought process of the Green Lanterns and the efficiency and logic of The Manhunters," as the Guardians turn them into cyborgs using Manhunter technology, and mainline their minds directly to The Book of Oa and the Central Battery. After the transformation, an Alpha Lantern would receive an additional power ring and their power battery is surgically implanted into their body so they need never recharge it. Similarly to the most recent generation of Manhunters, Alpha Lanterns have a secondary face which can drain a Power Ring of its energy. The Alpha Lanterns tend to chant the Manhunter-like slogan "No Lantern escapes the Alpha Lanterns."
Laira was the first Green Lantern to be punished by the Alpha Lanterns; for the crime of killing
Amon Surshe was stripped of her powers and expelled from the Corps.
The Power ring must be recharged regularly (though apparently not at the standard 24-hour period as was originally described) by touching it to its lantern shaped power battery for a period of several seconds. When recharging their weapons, some Corps members recite an oath. This oath differs from Corps member to member, but the most popular seems to be Hal Jordan's.
The Green Lantern Corps made an appearance in "
Duck Dodgers" in an episode titled "The Green Loontern". After Dodgers accidentally takes Hal Jordan's uniform from the dry cleaners, he is teleported to the Corps location by the ring, where they are in a fight with a large number of Sinestro's robots. During the fight, the entire Corps is kidnapped by Sinestro to act as a power source for a doomsday device. Duck Dodgers manages to save them (more through accident than skill) before giving the uniform back to Hal Jordanand being stranded in Sinestro's hideout.
The Green Lantern Corps appear in a few episodes of the "Justice League" and "
Justice League Unlimited" animated series, including "In Blackest Night," "Hearts and Minds" and "The Return." Several Corps members also make cameos in the "" episode "In Brightest Day," which featured Kyle Rayner.
List of Green Lanterns
This listing is for the “core” series or limited series to feature the Green Lantern Corps in their various incarnations over the years:
*"Green Lantern: The New Corps" #1-2 (1999;
*"Green Lantern Corps" #201-224 (June 1986 – May 1988) (formerly "Green Lantern" Vol. 2 series)
**Annuals #2 (Dec. 1986), #3 (Aug. 1987)
*"Green Lantern Corps" Vol. 2 #1 - present (August 2006 - present)
*"Green Lantern Corps Quarterly" #1-8 (Summer, 1992 - Spring, 1994)
*"" #1 - 5 (November 2005 - March 2006) (
*"Tales of the Green Lantern Corps" Annual #1 (1981) (first annual issue for "Green Lantern" Vol. 2 series)
*comicbookdb|type=team|id=11|title=Green Lantern Corps
*comicbookdb|type=team|id=1272|title=Alpha Lantern Corps
* [http://www.monitorduty.com/mdarchives/2006/02/alan_kistlers_p_4.shtml Alan Kistler's profile on Green Lantern]
* [http://glcorps.dcuguide.com/book2.php The Green Lantern Webpage Great Book of OA]
* [http://www.fanboyplanet.com/interviews/mc-keithchampagne3.php Interview with Keith Champagne about the Green Lantern "Corpse"]
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