- Argentine Air Force
Infobox Military Unit
unit_name= Argentine Air Force
"Fuerza Aérea Argentina"
dates= 1945 -
size= 632 aircraft
May 1(Fire baptism)
current_commander_label= Chief of Staff
identification_symbol_2_label= Service emblem
aircraft_attack= A-4AR, Pucará, MS-760
aircraft_fighter= IAI Finger, Mirage 5P, Mirage IIIEA
aircraft_trainer= T-34A, Tucano, Pampa, Su-29
aircraft_transport= C-130, 707, DHC-6, UH-1H, MD 500The Argentine Air Force (Fuerza Aérea Argentina or FAA) is the national aviation branch of the
armed forces of Argentina.
The Argentine Air Force's history begins with the establishment of the Escuela de Aviación Militar ("Military Aviation School") on
10 August 1912. Several military officers were amongst the pioneers of Argentine aviation, including Jorge Newbery, a retired Argentine Navyofficer. The School began to turn out several military pilots who participated in milestone events in Argentine aviation, such as the crossing of the Andes mountains.
In 1927 the " _es. Dirección General de Aeronáutica" (General Directorate of Aeronautics) was created to coordinate the country's military aviation. In that same year, the Fábrica Militar de Aviones ("Military Aircraft Factory", FMA) was founded in Córdoba, which would become the heart of the country's aviation industry.
By the 1940s there were several air units in the Army and the Navy, and the first step towards an independent force came on
11 February 1944with the establishment of the Aeronautical Command, which would go on to become the Argentine Air Force on 4 January, 1945, an independent force on par with the Army and the Navy.
Immediately after the end of
World War II, the Air Force began a process of modernization, incorporating aircraft such as the Gloster Meteorjet fighter, thus becoming the first air force in Latin Americaequipped with jet-propelled aircraft. In addition, a number of Avro Lincolnand Avro Lancasterbombers were acquired, creating a powerful strategic force in the region. The Air Force, in collaboration with German technicians, also began to develop its own aircraft, such as the Pulqui I and Pulqui II, making Argentina the first country in Latin America and the sixth in the world to develop jet fighter technology on its own.
In 1952, the Air Force began
flights to supply the early Antarcticscientific bases, expanding its activities in the Antarctic continent and establishing Marambio Baseon 25 September 1969.
During the 1970s, the Air Force reequipped itself with modern aircraft for the period, including the
Mirage IIIinterceptors, IAI Daggermulti-role fighters (Israeli derivatives of the Mirage V), A-4 Skyhawkattack aircraft and C-130 Herculescargo planes. Also, a counter-insurgencyairplane, the Pucará, was used in substantial numbers.
Falklands War, termed by the Argentines "Guerra de las Malvinas / Guerra del Atlántico Sur", took a great toll on the Air Force, which lost 60 aircraft. Due to the deteriorating economic situation, international opposition and political distrust upon the military, the Air Force was denied the resources needed to replace the war losses. This, coupled with diminishing budgets, led to a period of reduced activity and growing materiel obsolescence.
In the 1990s, the British embargo was officially eliminated and after economic and political failure attempts of getting surplus
IAI Kfirs or F-16As, the United States sold 36 refurbished A-4M Skyhawk (known as A-4AR Fightinghawks.) Since their reception, the A-4AR demonstrated being a worthy replacement of the "Bravos" and "Charlies" that fought during the war.
The FAA has been greatly involved in
United Nations peacekeepingmissions around the world. They sent a Boeing 707to the 1991 Gulf War. Since 1994, the UN Air contingent (UNFLIGHT) in Cyprusunder UNFICYPmandate is provided by the FAA [ [http://www.fuerzaaerea.mil.ar/misiones/chipre.html FAA site:United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP)] ] , achieving 10,000 flight hours (as of 2003) without any accidents [ [http://www.helis.com/database/go/ar_7th_air_brigade.php Helis.com Database] ] . The FAA has also since 2005 deployed Bell 212helicopters to Haitiunder MINUSTAHmandate.
In early 2005, the top seventeen
brigadiers of the Air Force, including the Chief of Staff, Brigadier General Carlos Rohde, were sacked by President Néstor Kirchnerfollowing a drug trafficscandal through Ezeiza International Airport. Kirchner cited failures in the security systems of Argentine airports (which were overseen by the National Aeronautic Police, a branch of the Air Force) and cover-ups of the scandal, even though it later became known that many government agencies, among them the Interior Ministry, the CustomsAdministration and the Secretariat of State Intelligence knew about the drug traffic operations.
The primary concerns of the Air Force nowadays are the establishment of a radar network for control of the country's airspace, the replacement of its older combat aircraft (Mirage III, Mirage V) and the incorporation of new technologies. The possibility of purchasing surplus
French Air ForceMirage 2000C fighters, like the option chosen by the Brazilian Air Force, has been considered.
Since the last decade, the FAA had established good relations with neighbours
Brazilian Air Forceand Chilean Air Force. They annually meet, on a rotation basis, in the join exercises "Cruzex" in Brazil, "Ceibo" in Argentina and "Salitre" in Chile.
In 2007, an FAA
FMA IA 58 Pucaráwas converted to carry a modified engine operating on soy-derived bio-jet fuel. The project, financed and directed by the Argentine Government (" _es. Secretaría de Ciencia Tecnología e Innovación Productiva de la Nación"), made Argentina the second nation in the world to propel an aircraft with biojet fuel. The project intends to make the FAA less reliant on costly fossil fuels.
The Argentine Air Force is one of the three branches of the Argentine military, having equal status with the Army and the Navy. The President of Argentina is Commander-in-Chief of the Air Force as well as of the other branches of the military.
The Air Force is headed by the Chief of the General Staff (" _es. Jefe del Estado Mayor General"), directly appointed and removed by the President. The Air Force Chief of Staff usually holds the rank of Brigadier General, the highest rank of the Air Force. The Chief of Staff is seconded by a Deputy Chief of the General Staff and four senior officers in charge of the Air Force's four Commands: the Air Operations Command, the Air Regions Command, the Personnel Command and the Materiel Command.
The Air Operations Command (" _es. Comando de Operaciones Aéreas") is the branch of the Air Force responsible for aerospace defense, air operations, planning, training, technical and logistical support of the air units. Subordinate to the Air Operations Command are the Air Brigades (" _es. Brigadas Aéreas"), the Air Force's major operative units. A total of eight Air Brigades are currently operational. Brigades are headquartered at Military Air Bases (" _es. Base Aérea Militar", commonly abbreviated "BAM").
Each Air Brigade is made up of three Groups, each of which bear the same numeral as its mother
Brigade. These groups include:
*One Air Group (" _es. Grupo Aéreo"), which operates the aircraft assigned to the Brigade. The Air Group is divided into a variable number of Air
Squadrons. Air Groups may be named according to their primary mission, for example an air group specialized in fighter operations receives the designation of Fighter Group ("Grupo de Caza"). Currently the Air Force includes three Fighter Groups (4th, 5th and 6th), one Attack Group (3rd), one Transport Group (1st) and three plain Air Groups (2nd, 7th and 9th). The 7th Air Group operates all the helicopters of the Air Force, while the 2nd includes a small reconnaissance unit as well as light transport aircraft. 9th Air Group is a light transport unit.
*One Technical Group (" _es. Grupo Técnico"), in charge of the maintenance and repair of the Brigade's aircraft.
*One Base Group (" _es. Grupo Base"), responsible for the air base itself, weather forecasting, flight control, runway maintenance, etc. Base Groups also include Base Flights (" _es. Escuadrillas de Base"), generally made up of two or three liaison aircraft.
The Personnel Command (" _es. Comando de Personal") is responsible for the training, education, assignment and welfare of Air Force personnel. Under the control of the Personnel Command are the Military Aviation School (which educates the future officers of the Air Force), the Air Force
Non-Commissioned Officer(NCO) School and other educational and training units.
The Materiel Command (" _es. Comando de Material") deals with planning and executing the Air Force's logistics regarding flying and ground materiel. Materiel Command includes "Quilmes" and "Río Cuarto " Materiel Areas (repairing and maintenance units) and "El Palomar" Logistical Area.
Air Regions Command (" _es. Comando de Regiones Aéreas") is responsible for the control of air traffic, weather forecasting, aircraft and pilot registration (civilian), accident investigation (both civilian and military) and air communications. It is worth noting that Air Regions Command serves as the national authority regarding air transportation.
Officers wear their rank insignia in their sleeves, in the pattern depicted below. There are also shoulderboards with the same insignia (albeit in gray) for the ranks between Ensign and Commodore.
General officers wear different shoulderboards.
Chiefs of the Argentine Air Force
Commanders of the Army Military Aviation (1912-1919)
*Colonel Arenales Uriburu (1912-1915)
*Lieutenant Colonel Alejandro P. Obligado (1915-1919)
Commanders of the Army Aeronautical Service (1919-1927)
*Lieutenant Colonel Alejandro P. Obligado (1919-1920)
*Lieutenant Colonel Jorge B. Crespo (1923)
*Colonel Luis A. Cassinelli (1923-1927)
Commanders of the General Directorate of Aeronautics (1927-1941)
*Colonel Luis A. Cassinelli (1927-1929)
*Lieutenant Colonel Jorge B. Crespo (1929-1930)
*Colonel Angel M. Zuloaga (1941)
Commanders of the First Air Division (1936)
*Brigadier General (Army) A. Verdaguer (1936)
Commanders of the Army Air Forces (1936-1939)
*Brigadier General (Army) A. Verdaguer (1936-1939)
Commanders of the Army Aviation Command (1938-1944)
*Colonel Antonio Parodi (1938-1941)
*Colonel Angel M. Zuloaga (1941)
*Colonel Pedro Zanni (1941-1942)
*Brigadier General (Army) Jorge J. Manni (1942-1944)
Commanders-in-Chief of the Aeronautica (1944)
*Brigadier General (Army) Bartolomé de la Colina (1944)
Commanders of the Argentine Air Force (1945-1947)
*Brigadier Edmundo Sustaita (1945)
*Brigadier General Oscar Muratorio (1945)
*Brigadier P. Castex Lainford (1945-1946)
*Brigadier General Oscar Muratorio (1946-1947)
Commanders-in-Chief of the Argentine Air Force (1947-1973)
*Brigadier General Oscar Muratorio (1947-1951)
*Brigadier General Hermansson (1951-1952)
*Brigadier General Carlos Mauriño (1952-1955)
*Brigadier General Juan Fabri (1955)
*Brigadier General Hermansson (1955-1956)
*Brigadier General Heriberto Ahrens (1956-1957)
*Brigadier General Guillermo Zinny (1957)
*Brigadier General Angel A. Peluffo (1957)
*Brigadier General Alfredo Vedoya (1957-1958)
*Brigadier Miguel Moragues (1958)
*Brigadier General Manuel L. Aleman (1958-1960)
*Brigadier General Cayo Alsina (1960-1962)
*Brigadier General Carlos Armanini (1962-1966)
*Brigadier General Adolfo Alvarez (1966-1968)
*Brigadier General Martinez Zuviría (1968-1970)
*Brigadier General Carlos A. Rey (1970-1973)
*Brigadier General Hector Fautario (1973)
General Commanders of the Argentine Air Force (1973-1976)
*Brigadier General Hector Fautario (1973-1975)
Orlando R. Agosti(1975-1976)
Commanders-in-Chief of the Argentine Air Force (1976-1983)
*Brigadier General Orlando R. Agosti (1976-1979)
*Brigadier General Omar Graffigna (1979-1981)
Basilio Lami Dozo(1981-1982)
Chiefs of the General Staff of the Argentine Air Force (1983-present)
*Brigadier General Teodoro Waldner (1983-1985)
*Brigadier General Ernesto Crespo (1985-1989)
*Brigadier General José A. Julia (1989-1993)
*Brigadier General Juan Paulik (1993-1996)
*Brigadier General Rubén Montenegro (1996-1999)
*Brigadier General Walter Barbero (1999-2003)
*Brigadier General Carlos A. Rohde (2003-2005)
*Brigadier General Eduardo Schiaffino (2005-2006)
Argentine air forces in the Falklands War
Military of Argentina
*es icon [http://www.faa.mil.ar Official website]
*en icon [http://www.scramble.nl/ar.htm Unofficial website]
*es icon [http://www.saorbats.com.ar/FAA_orbat.htm Organization and equipment]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.