- Castilian people
Infobox Ethnic group
group = Castilians
pop1 = 2,510,849
pop2 = 1,894,667
pop3 = The majority of the population, i.e. the indigenous population, especially the local elite and in the other towns of the Community and migrants from the rest of Castile, that is Castilla y Leon and Castilla La Mancha.
region17 = Diaspora
region18 = flagcountry|
rels = Predominantly
related = Andalusians·Catalans·Asturians·Galicians·Cantabrians·Basques
The Castilian people are the inhabitants of those regions in Spain where most people identify themselves as Castilian. They include
Castile La Mancha, Madridand a part of Castile and Leon. However, not all regions in the medieval Kingdom of Castilethink of themselves as Castilian. For this reason, the exact limits of what Castile is today are disputed.
Reconquistaand other conquests in the Middle Ages, the Kingdom of Castile(later Crown of Castile) spread all over the Iberian Peninsula, especially towards the southern Spanish regions. After this, since the 15th century, through the Spanish conquest of the Americas, the castilians also spread over the New World, bringing with them not only their language, which is called today the Spanish language, but also elements of their culture, traditionsand idiosyncrasy.
The Castilian language
Castilian ("castellano") is the native language of the Castilians. It's thought to have originated at the foothill high plains of the Cordillera Cantábrica and the upper
Ebro valley, in northern Spain, around the 8th and 9th centuries AD. After the Reconquista, it was brought to the south and almost entirely replaced the languages that were spoken in the Moorish zone, such as the locally generated romance language, Mozarabic, and the Arabicof the elites and city dwellers. However, in this process Castilian acquired considerable influences from these languages, many of which continue to be used in modern Castilian; now more usually referred to, especially outside of Spain, as Spanish.
Spanish conquest of the Americas, Spanish was the dominant language in Spain, and therefore was the language that was transmitted to the New Worldby the Conquistadores. Due to this gradual process, the Hispanophone world was created.
In Spanish, the word "castellano" (castilian) is often used to refer to the
Spanish language, alongside "español" (Spanish). See " Names given to the Spanish language".
Castile (historical region)
Castile and León
Kingdom of Castile
Kingdom of León
Crown of Castile
Nationalities of Spain
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