Capital Cities and Tombs of the Ancient Koguryo Kingdom

Capital Cities and Tombs of the Ancient Koguryo Kingdom

Infobox World Heritage Site
WHS = Capital Cities and Tombs of the Ancient Koguryo Kingdom

State Party = PRC
Type = Cultural
Criteria = i, ii, iii, iv, v
ID = 1135
Region = Asia-Pacific
Year = 2004
Session =
Link =

Capital Cities and Tombs of the Ancient Koguryo Kingdom is a World Heritage Site (identification number 1135) located in the People's Republic of China. The designated area of the site is located in and around Ji'an, Jilin. The site was designated as a cultural World Heritage Site in 2004, qualifying as such under the first five of the six criteria for cultural heritage sitesUNESCO World Heritage Site.] .

The site contains the archaeological remains of three cities (Wunu Mountain City, Guonei City, and Wandu Mountain City), and forty identified tombs of Koguryo imperial and noble families.

Capital Cities

Wunu Mountain City is the first capital of Koguryo(Goguryeo) Kingdom. Guonei City(Gungnae-seong) and Wandu Mountain City(Hwando) are at one time or another the capital of the Koguryo Kingdom.

Wunu Mountain City is only partly excavated. Guonei City, within the modern city of Ji’an, played the role of a supporting capital after the main Koguryo capital moved to Pyongyang. Wandu Mountain City contains many vestiges including a large palace and many tombs.

The Capital Cities of the Koguryo Kingdom are an early example of mountain cities, later imitated by neighbouring cultures. The system of capital cities represented by Guonei City and Wandu Mountain City also influenced the construction of later capitals built by the Koguryo regime.

The capital cities of the Koguryo Kingdom represent a perfect blending of human creation and nature whether with the rocks or with forests and rivers.


The site includes archaeological remains of 40 tombs: 14 tombs are imperial, and 26 are nobles. Which were built by Koguryo, A kingdom that ruled over parts of northern China and the northern half of the Korean Peninsula from 37 BC to 668 AD.

Some of the tombs have elaborate ceilings, designed to roof wide spaces without columns and carry the heavy load of a stone or earth tumulus (mound) which was placed above them. The tombs, particularly the important stele and a long inscription on one of the tombs, shows influence of Chinese culture on Koguryo. The paintings in the tombs, while showing artistic skills and specific style, are also an example of strong influence from various cultures.

The tombs represent a masterpiece of the human creative genius in their wall paintings and structures.


ee also

*Complex of Goguryeo Tombs, UNESCO world heritage site in Goguryeo's Korean half
*Ancient Tombs at Lóngtóu Mountain with Mausoleum of Princess Zhēnxiào of Balhae/Bóhǎi, the kingdom that succeeded Goguryeo.

External links

* [ Capital Cities and Tombs of the Ancient Koguryo Kingdom in UN sit]

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