Endemic species of Taiwan

Endemic species of Taiwan

The endemic species of Taiwan are organisms that are endemic to the island of Taiwan— that is, they occur nowhere else on Earth.

Percentages of endemic animals of all living species in Taiwan.
* Order Artiodactyla (Even-toed Ungulates)
# Formosan Serow – "Naemorhedus swinhoei" (Gray)
* Order Insectivora (Shrews)
# Formosan Shrew – "Soriculus fumidus" Thomas
# Tada's Shrew – "Crocidura tadae" Tokuda & Kano
# Koshun Shrew – "Soriculus sodalis" Thomas
* Order Rodentia (Rodents)
# Formosan Field Vole – "Apodemus semotus" Thomas
# Spinous Country-rat – "Niviventer coxingi" (Swinhoe)
# Formosan White-bellied Rat – "Niviventer culturatus" (Thomas)
# Kikuchi's Field Vole – "Microtus kikuchii" (Kuroda)
* Order Primate (Primates)
# Formosan Macaque – "Macaca cyclopis" (Swinhoe)
* Order Chiroptera (Bats)
# Formosan Long-eared Bat – "Plecotus taivanus" Yoshiyuki
# Formosan Mouse-eared Bat – "Myotis taiwanensis" Linde
# Formosan Tube-nosed Bat – "Murina puta" Kishida
# Yellow-necked Bat – "Arielulus torquatus" Gabor & Lee
# Formosan Broad-muzzled Bat – "Myotis latirostris" Kishida
# Formosan Leaf-nosed Bat – "Hipposideros terasensis" Kisida
# Formosan Greater Horseshoe Bat – "Rhinolophus formosae" Sanborn
# Formosan Lesser Horseshoe Bat – "Rhinolophus monoceros" Andersen

Endemic birds

Fourteen endemic bird species of Taiwan have been identified (out of a total of 471 bird species). These birds make up about 9% of all birds living in Taiwan. Another 69 subspecies are endemic, accounting for another 45% of the local resident population.

* Order Passeriformes (Passerines and relatives)
# Taiwan Tit – "Parus holsti" Seebohm
# Taiwan Laughing Thrush – "Garrulax morrisonianus" (Ogilvie-Grant)
# Taiwan Sibia – "Heterophasia auricularis" (Swinhoe)
# Taiwan Yuhina – "Yuhina brunneiceps" Ogilvie-Grant
# Taiwan Barwing – "Actinodura morrisoniana" Ogilvie-Grant
# Steere's Liocichla – "Liocichla steerii" Swinhoe
# Formosan Blue Magpie – "Urocissa caerulea" (Gould)
# Taiwan Bulbul – "Pycnonotus taivanus" Styan
# Taiwan Whistling Thrush – "Myiophoneus insularis" Gould
# Collared Bush Robin – "Tarsiger johnstoniae" (Ogilvie-Grant)
# Taiwan Firecrest – "Regulus goodfellowi" Ogilvie-Grant
# Taiwan Bush-warbler – "Bradypterus alishanensis"

* Order Galliformes (Chicken-like Birds)
# Taiwan Hill Partridge – "Arborophila crudigularis" (Swinhoe)
# Mikado Pheasant – "Syrmaticus mikado" (Ogilivie-Grant)
# Swinhoe's Pheasant – "Lophura swinhoii" (Gould)

Endemic reptiles

* Order Squamata (Lizards and Snakes)
# Formosan Smooth Skink – "Scincella formosensis" (Van Denburgh)
# Taiwan Forest Skink – "Sphenomorphus taiwanensis" Chen & Lue
# Lanyu Scaly-toed Gecko – "Lepidodactylus yami" Ota
# Kikuchi's Gecko – "Gekko kikuchii" (Oshima)
# Lue's Japalura – "Japalura luei" Ota, Chen & Shang
# Maki's Japalura – "Japalura makii" Ota
# Swinhoe's Japalura – "Japalura swinhonis" Gunther
# Short-legged Japalura – "Japalura brevipes" Gressitt
# Formosan Legless Lizard – "Ophisaurus formosensis" Kishida
# Formosan Grass Lizard – "Takydromus formosanus" Boulenger
# Sauteri Grass Lizard – "Takydromus sauteri" Van Denburgh
# Hsuehshan Grass Lizard – "Takydromus hsueshanesis" Lin & Cheng
# Stejneger's Grass Lizard – "Takydromus stejnegeri" Van Denburgh
# Hengchun Blind Snake – "Typhlops koshunensis" Oshima
# Taiwan Slug-eating Snake – "Pareas formosensis" (Van Dengurgh)
# Formosa Odd-scaled Snake – "Achalinus formosanus" Boulenger
# Black Odd-scaled Snake – "Achalinus niger" Maki
# Maki's Keelback – "Amphiesma miyajimae" Maki
# Swinhoe's Grass Snake – "Phabdophis swinhonis" (Gunther)
# Formosa Coral Snake – "Hemibungarus sauteri" (Steindachner)
# Taiwan Pit-viper – "Trimeresurus gracilis" Oshima

Endemic amphibians

* Order Anura (Frogs and Toads)
# Central Formosan Toad – "Bufo bankorensis"
# Emerald Green Treefrog – "Rhacophorus prasinatus"
# Farmland Green Treefrog – "Rhacophorus arvalis"
# Taipei Green Treefrog – "Rhacophorus taipeianus"
# Moltrecht's Green Treefrog – "Rhacophorus moltrechti"
# Robust Buerger's Frog – "Buergeria robusta"
# Temple Treefrog – "Chirixalus idiootocus"
# Orange-belly Treefrog – "Rhacophorus aurantiventris"

* Order Urodela (Salamanders and Newts)
# Formosan Salamander – "Hynobius formosanus"
# Sonani's Salamander – "Hynobius sonani"

Endemic freshwater fishes

* Order Cypriniformes (Minnows and Carps)
# Taitung River Loach – "Hemimyzon taitungensis" Tzeng et Shen
# Formosan River Loach – "Hemimyzon formosanus" (Boulenger)
# River Loach – "Crossostoma lacustre" (Steindachner)
# Pulin River Loach – "Sinogastromyzon puliensis" Liang
# "Rasborinus macrolepis" (Regan) (Extinct)
# "Pararasbora moltrechti" Regan
# "Acrossocheilus paradoxus" (Günther)
# Lake Candidus Dace – "Candidia barbata" (Regan)
# "Microphysogobio alticorpus" Banarescu et Nalbant
# Taiwan Ku Fish – "Scaphesthes alticorpus" (Oshima)
# Freshwater Minnow – "Zacco pachycephalus" (Günther)
# "Gobiobotia cheni" Banarescu et Nalbant
# "Microphysogobio brevirostris" (Günther)
# Medaka – "Aphyocypris kikuchii" (Oshima)
# "Squalidus iijimae" (Oshima)

* Order Perciformes (Perch-like Fishes)
# Goby – "Rhinogobius gigas" Aonuma et Chen
# Goby – "Rhinogobius formosanus" Oshima
# Goby – "Cryptocentrus yatsui" Tomiyama
# Goby – "Rhinogobius nantaiensis" Aonuma et Chen
# Goby – "Rhinogobius henchuenensis" Chen et Shao
# Goby – "Rhinogobius delicatus" Chen et Shao
# Goby – "Rhinogobius maculafasciatus" Chen et Shao
# Goby – "Rhinogobius rubromaculatus" Lee et Chang
# Goby – "Myersina yangii" (Chen) (Extinct)
# Goby – "Rhinogobius lanyuensis" Chen, Miller et Fang

* Order Siluriformes (Catfishes)
# Formosan Trooent Catfish – "Liobagrus formosanus" Regan
# Bagrid Catfish – "Pseudobagrus adiposalis" Oshima
# Bagrid Catfish – "Pseudobagrus brevianalis" Regan

* Order Osmeriformes (Smelts, Galaxiids, and relatives)
# Ariake Icefish – "Salanx acuticeps" Regan (Extinct)

* Order Salmoniformes (Salmons and Trouts)
# Formosan Landlocked Salmon – "Oncorhynchus formosanus" (Jordan et Oshima)

References

ee also

* List of protected species in Taiwan
* Ecology of Taiwan

External links

* [http://www.tesri.gov.tw/ Taiwan Endemic Species Research Institute]
* [http://taibnet.sinica.edu.tw/ Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Endemic birds of Taiwan — This article is one of a series providing information about endemism among birds in the World s various zoogeographic zones. For an overview of this subject see Endemism in birds.Patterns of endemismEndemic Bird AreasBirdlife International has… …   Wikipedia

  • List of protected species in Taiwan — List of protected species in Taiwan.According to Wildlife Conservation Act [Republic of China (Taiwan)] article 4, endangered and vulnerable species were classified into following categories: * I Endangered species (瀕臨絕種保育類) * II Rare and… …   Wikipedia

  • Taiwan under Japanese rule — (Taiwan, Empire of Japan) 台灣日治時期 (大日本帝國臺灣) Annexed dependency of the Empire of Japan …   Wikipedia

  • Geography of Taiwan — Taiwan Native name: 臺灣 or 台灣 Map of Taiwan …   Wikipedia

  • Taiwan Firecrest — Taxobox name = Taiwan Firecrest status = LC | status system = IUCN3.1 image width = 200px regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Passeriformes familia = Regulidae genus = Regulus species = R. goodfellowi binomial = Regulus… …   Wikipedia

  • Taiwan Bulbul — Taxobox name = Taiwan Bulbul status = VU | status system = IUCN3.1 image width = 240px image caption = regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Passeriformes familia = Pycnonotidae genus = Pycnonotus species = P. taivanus… …   Wikipedia

  • Outline of Taiwan — …   Wikipedia

  • Topic outline of Taiwan — For an alphabetical index of this subject, see the List of Taiwan related articles. Taiwan, a common name for the Republic of China (ROC) since the 1970s, is a country in East Asia. In addition to the island of Taiwan, the country includes Lanyu… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Taiwan-related topics — This a categorical list of articles related to Taiwan as well as its governing state of the Republic of China. Those interested in the subject can monitor changes to the pages by clicking on Related changes in the sidebar.If you see an article… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Taiwan-related articles — Articles (arranged alphabetically) related to Taiwan include:0–9*228 Hand in Hand Rally *228 Incident *3 19 shooting incident *32 DemandsA*Alishan *A mei *Annette LuB*Black gold (politics) *Betel nut beauty *Barclay, Thomas, British… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”