Orchids with sympodial growth have a specialized lateral growth pattern in which the terminal bud dies. The growth continues by development of new shoots sprouting from or next to those of previous years (such as in the genus "Cattleya" or "Cymbidium").

The base of the stem of sympodial epiphytes, or in some species essentially the entire stem, may be thickened to form what is called a pseudobulb. These contain food reserves for drier periods. At their end appear one or two leaves, or sometimes four or more.

Some sympodial terrestrials, such as "Orchis" and "Ophrys", have two pseudobulbs between the roots. One is used as a food reserve for wintry periods, and provides for the development of the other pseudobulb, from which visible growth develops.

In warm and humid climates, many terrestrial orchids do not need pseudobulbs.

ee also

* monopodial

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  • Sympodial — Sym*po di*al, a. (Bot.) Composed of superposed branches in such a way as to imitate a simple axis; as, a sympodial stem. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sympodial — adjective Etymology: New Latin sympodium apparent main axis formed from secondary axes, from Greek syn + podion base more at podium Date: 1875 having or involving the formation of an apparent main axis from successive secondary axes < sympodial… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Sympodial — Laelia superbiens une orchidée sympodiale Sympodial vient du préfixe « sym » (uni) et « podial » (pied), en référence au fait que les plantes sympodiales développent une succession de tiges unies entre elles. La ramification… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • sympodial, sympodiale, sympodiaux ou sympodique — ● sympodial, sympodiale, sympodiaux ou sympodique adjectif Se dit de la croissance d un végétal dont la tige principale est un sympode …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • sympodial growth — noun A pattern of growth in which a shoot ceases to grow and one or more of the lateral buds next to the apical bud grow(s) out and repeat(s) the pattern • • • Main Entry: ↑sympodium …   Useful english dictionary

  • Sympodial — Weinrebe (Vitis vinifera) Sympodium, Monochasium: Jeder Sprossabschnitt endet in einem Blütenstand. Das weitere Wachstum wird durch eine aus der Blattachsel entspringende Seitenachse fortgesetzt. Die blühende „Scheinachse“ setzt sich hier also… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • sympodial — See sympodium. * * * …   Universalium

  • sympodial — sym|po|di|al <Adj.> [zu griech. sýn = mit, zusammen u. poús (Gen.: podós) = Fuß] (Bot.): (von der Verzweigung eines Pflanzensprosses) keine einheitliche Hauptachse ausbildend …   Universal-Lexikon

  • sympodial — sym·po·di·al (sim poґde əl) denoting a pattern of growth of conidiogenous cells in which after a spore breaks off at an apex the following apex and spore appear slightly farther back and to the side …   Medical dictionary

  • sympodial — sym|po|di|al <zu ↑Sympodium u. 1↑> keine einheitliche Hauptachse ausbildend (von der Verzweigung einer Pflanzensprossachse; Biol.) …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

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