official_name = Trollhättan
image_caption = Trollhättan church
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Municipality
subdivision_type2 = County
Västra Götaland County
subdivision_type3 = Province
area_footnotes = cite web |title=Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2000 och 2005 |publisher=
Statistics Sweden|url=http://www.scb.se/statistik/MI/MI0810/2005A01B/T%E4torternami0810tab1.xls |format=xls |language=Swedish |accessdate=2008-05-15]
area_total_km2 = 23.8
population_as_of = 2005-12-31
population_total = 44,498
population_density_km2 = 1869
timezone = CET
utc_offset = +1
timezone_DST = CEST
utc_offset_DST = +2
latd=58 |latm=17 |lats= |latNS=N
longd=12 |longm=17 |longs= |longEW=E
Trollhättan (IPA-all|˅trɔlhɛtan) is a city (pop. 53,952 (2007)) in
Västergötland, Sweden, and the seat of Trollhättan Municipality, Västra Götaland County.
Trollhättan was founded by the river
Göta älv, at a location with several waterfalls. The site was first mentioned in literature from 1413. For centuries, Trollhättan was an obstacle for the boats travelling the river, up until a lock system was completed in the nineteenth century. It has since been updated several times and the present locks were finished in 1916.
In the late nineteenth century,
hydropowerwas developed in Trollhättan. The Swedish energy corporation Vattenfall("waterfall") took its name from the falls in Trollhättan. Today the city has two operational hydropower stations, Olidan and Håjum. The hydropower has helped the city in its industrial revolution.
The name "Trollhättan" comes from folkloristic tales. People believed that large
trolls lived in the river Göta älvand that the islands in the river were the Trolls' hoods ("hättor"). Other former names of the site is "Eiðar" and "Stora Edet"; the latter lives on in the name of the south-bordering municipality of Lilla Edet. The waterfallof Trollhättan has been theorized to be the Mímir's Well from the Norse mythology.
Trollhättan was granted city rights (which today have no legal effect, but is purely historical) in 1916 at which time it had about 15,000 inhabitants, now grown to 54,000.
Trollhättan houses a number of industries, foremost the main production sites for
Saab Automobileand Volvo Aero. In the area, there is also a large number of suppliers to these two facilities. Historically Trollhättan housed the NOHABindustries that produced locomotives, and Stridsberg & Biörkwho had specialized in saws for sawmills. There is also a film production facility, known as Trollywood; movies shot there include "Show Me Love" ("Fucking Åmål"), " Dancer in the Dark" and " Dogville". The movie studio Film i Västcentered here produces about half of the Swedish feature-length films.
* [http://www.trollhattan.se/thn_templates/StandardPage.aspx?id=3087 Trollhättan City Website in English]
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