Building Research Establishment

Building Research Establishment

The Building Research Establishment (BRE) is a former UK government establishment (but now a private organisation, funded by the building industry) that carries out research, consultancy and testing for the construction and built environment sectors in the United Kingdom. The BRE is headquartered in Watford with regional sites in Glasgow and Port Talbot.

Among the BRE's areas of interest are participation in the preparation of national and international standards and building codes, including the UK Building Regulations. The organisation is now funded by income from its commercial programmes, the BRE bookshop [http://www.BREbookshop.com] , contracted work, and by bidding for research funding from government and the industries it serves. It is also a UKAS Accredited Testing Laboratory.

Programmes

The BRE also owns and operates the BREEAM and EcoHomes environmental rating schemes, and promotes the German "Passivhaus" ultra-low energy building standard in the UK. It also runs a number of training courses.

BRE's sister company, BRE Global is an independent approvals body offering certification of fire, security and sustainability products and services.

Research

Since privatisation there have been claims that the Blue Sky research for which the BRE was well known has been compromised by commercial pressures [http://www.seered.co.uk/breeam_earlydays.htm] .

In 2005 the Select Committee on Environmental Audit expressed their concern that there was a lack of significant funding for research and development of sustainable construction methods in the UK [http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200405/cmselect/cmenvaud/135/13507.htm#n118] , with funding for the BRE having been 'drastically' cut in the previous 4 years. As a result, many of the sustainable building materials used in the UK are imported from Germany, Switzerland and Austria, countries which have taken the lead in research in this area.

Ownership

The Building Research Establishment is owned by the BRE Trust, a Charitable organization, which claims to be the largest charity in the United Kingdom dedicated to research and education in the built environment [http://www.bretrust.org.uk/page.jsp?sid=528] . Trustees are drawn from seven groups: built environment professionals, contractors, material and product suppliers, housing, university departments, building owners, building managers and building users.

History

BRE was founded as part of the British Civil Service in 1926 as part of an effort to improve the quality of [http://les.man.ac.uk/IPA97/papers/boden35.html] .

During the Second World War it was involved in the confidential research and development of the bouncing bomb for use against the Möhne Dam in the famous Dambusters Raid of 1943 [http://www.stalbansmuseums.org.uk/Education/Explore-online/Chocks-Away-The-Story-of-Local-Aviation] (The small scale model of the dam used for testing can still be found at the Centre in Garston, Watford, today [http://www.pastscape.org/hob.aspx?hob_id=1368856] .

Having subsumed a number of other government organisations over the years, including the former Fire Research Station, it was given Executive Agency status in 1990 before being privatised by the Department for Environment, Transport and the Regions on March 19, 1997 [http://www.civilservice.gov.uk/management/statistics/changes/index.asp] .

Until 14 January 2008 BRE was the only organisation to provide assessment and training of Code for Sustainable Homes. Stroma Accrediation was awarded the right to provide these services due to BRE monopoly of the training market.

References

Science and building. A history of the Building Research Station. F.M. Lea. HMSO, 1971.
Fifty years of timber research : a short history of the Forest Products Research Laboratory, Princes Risborough. B.J. Rendle. HMSO, 1976.
A short history of the Fire Research Station, Borehamwood. R.E.H. Read. BRE, 1994. [http://www.brebookshop.com/details.jsp?id=561]
Some highlights of 75 years' structural engineering research at BRE. G S T Armer, P S J Buller. Structural Engineer, 1996, v.74 no.11, p.194-196 [http://www.istructe.org/thestructuralengineer/HC/Abstract.asp?PID=5980]
Building Research Establishment - past, present and future. R. Courtney Building Research and Information, 1997, vol.25 no.5, p.285-291. [http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/routledg/rbri/1997/00000025/00000005/art00006]

ee also

*Energy efficiency in British housing
*BRE Centre for Fire Safety Engineering at The University of Edinburgh
*Construction Industry Council

External links

* [http://www.bre.co.uk/ BRE official site]
*UK charity|1092193|BRE Trust
* [http://www.breglobal.com BRE Global official site]
* [http://www.ijspm.vgtu.lt/upload/property_zurn/ijspm_vol_9_no_2_p_79-89.pdf The role of the centre for construction innovation]
* [http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200405/cmselect/cmenvaud/135/4062301.htm BRE evidence to the Select Committee on Environmental Audit]
* [http://www.passivhaus.org.uk PassivHausUK, operated by the BRE]
* [http://www.stroma.com Stroma official site]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Building Schools for the Future — (BSF) is the name of the UK Government s investment programme in secondary school buildings in England. The program is very ambitious in its costs, timescales and objectives, with politicians from all parties supportive of the principle but… …   Wikipedia

  • establishment — [[t]ɪstæ̱blɪʃmənt[/t]] ♦♦♦ establishments 1) N SING: usu N of n The establishment of an organization or system is the act of creating it or beginning it. [FORMAL] The establishment of the regional government in 1980 did not end terrorism.… …   English dictionary

  • Scottish Parliament Building — The Scottish Parliament Building ( gd. Pàrlamaid na h Alba) [ [http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/vli/language/gaelic/index.htm scottish.parliament.uk] , accessed 2 May 2007] is the home of the Scottish Parliament at Holyrood, within the UNESCO… …   Wikipedia

  • Low Carbon Building Programme — The Low Carbon Building Programme (LCBP) was a Government programme in the United Kingdom administered by BERR (formerly the DTI) which ran from 1 April 2006 until its closure to new applications on 24 May 2010.[1] The scheme is planned to be… …   Wikipedia

  • Department of Scientific and Industrial Research — Several countries have (or have had) organizations called the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, abbreviated DSIR. Contents 1 United Kingdom 2 India 3 New Zealand 4 Australia …   Wikipedia

  • Research and Analysis Wing — Infobox Government agency agency name = Research and Analysis Wing nativename = nativename a = nativename r = logo = logo width = logo caption = seal width = 125 px seal caption = धर्मो रक्षति रक्षित: formed = 21 Sept 1968 preceding1 = preceding2 …   Wikipedia

  • Establishment Clause of the First Amendment — The Establishment Clause of the First Amendment refers to the first of several pronouncements in the First Amendment to the United States Constitution, stating that Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion .... Together… …   Wikipedia

  • Royal Aircraft Establishment — The Royal Aircraft Establishment (RAE) England, was a British research establishment latterly under the UK Ministry of Defence (MOD).The first site was at Farnborough Airfield ( RAE Farnborough ) in Hampshire to which was added a second site RAE… …   Wikipedia

  • Scientific research in Canada — This article outlines the history of natural scientific research in Canada including, mathematics, physics, astronomy, space science, geology, oceanography, chemistry, biology, medical research and psychology. The social sciences are not treated… …   Wikipedia

  • Natural scientific research in Canada — This article outlines the history of natural scientific research in Canada, including mathematics, physics, astronomy, space science, geology, oceanography, chemistry, biology, medical research and psychology. The social sciences are not treated… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”