A dramaturge or dramaturg is a professional position within a theatre or opera company that deals mainly with research and development of plays or operas. Its modern-day function was originated by the innovations of Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, an 18th-century German playwright, philosopher, and theorist about theatre.

One of the dramaturg's contributions is to categorize and discuss the various types and kinds of plays, their interconnectedness and their styles. The responsibilities of dramaturg vary from one theatre company to the next. They might include the hiring of actors, the development of a season of plays with a sense of coherence among them, assistance with and editing of new plays by resident or guest playwrights, the creation of programs or accompanying educational services, helping the director with rehearsals, and serving as elucidator of history or spokesperson for deceased or otherwise absent playwrights. At larger theatres, a casting director hires the actors, a literary manager helps with play selection and editing/workshopping, and the dramaturg works on the historical and cultural research into the play and its setting. A dramaturg will create a workbook for the director and actors (usually these are different) and work extensively with the director prior to the first rehearsal.

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  • dramaturge — [ dramatyrʒ ] n. • 1773; gr. dramatourgos « auteur dramatique » ♦ Auteur d ouvrages destinés au théâtre, écrivain de théâtre. Un, une dramaturge de talent. « Le grand modèle des dramaturges, Shakespeare » (Marmontel). ● dramaturge nom (grec… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • dramaturge — dramatist, 1870, from Fr. dramaturge, from Gk. dramatourgos a dramatist, from drama (gen. dramatos) + ergos worker …   Etymology dictionary

  • dramaturge — [dram′ə tʉrj΄, drä′mətʉrj΄] n. 1. a playwright, esp. one associated with a particular theater: also dramaturgist [dram′atʉr΄jist] 2. a literary advisor for a theater, who works with playwrights, selects and edits scripts, etc.: also dramaturg… …   English World dictionary

  • Dramaturge — Un (ou une) dramaturge est un auteur de pièces de théâtre, la dramaturgie étant l’étude ou l’art de la composition théâtrale. Cette dernière se pratique aussi au cinéma, les règles d écriture d un scénario s apparentant à celle du théâtre. Le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • dramaturge — /dram euh terrj , drah meuh /, n. a specialist in dramaturgy, esp. one who acts as a consultant to a theater company, advising them on possible repertory. Also, dramaturg. [1855 60; perh. back formation from DRAMATURGY, but cf. F dramaturge, G… …   Universalium

  • dramaturgė — dramatùrgas, dramatùrgė dkt. Žavėjomės dramatùrgo meistriškumù …   Bendrinės lietuvių kalbos žodyno antraštynas

  • dramaturge — or dramaturg noun Date: 1870 a specialist in dramaturgy …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • DRAMATURGE — s. des deux genres Auteur de drames, de pièces qui tiennent à la fois de la comédie et de la tragédie. Il ne s emploie guère que par dénigrement …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 7eme edition (1835)

  • DRAMATURGE — n. des deux genres Auteur de pièces de théâtre et spécialement d’oeuvres qui tiennent à la fois de la comédie et de la tragédie. Il s’emploie souvent avec une nuance de dénigrement …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 8eme edition (1935)

  • dramaturge — noun a) A position within a theatre that deals mainly with research and development. b) Someone skilled in the dramatic arts, a playwright for example. See Also: dramaturgy, dramaturgic, dramaturgical, dramaturgically, dramaturgist …   Wiktionary

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