- Rickettsia rickettsii
color = lightgrey
name = "Rickettsia rickettsii"
regnum = Bacteria
genus = "
species = "R. rickettsii"
binomial = "Rickettsia rickettsii"
binomial_authority = Brumpt, 1922
"Rickettsia ricketsii" is native to the
New Worldand causes the malady known as Rocky Mountain spotted fever(RMSF). RMSF is transmitted by the bite of an infected tickwhile feeding on warm-blooded animals, including humans. Man is an accidental host in the rickettsia–tick life cycle and is not required to maintain the rickettsiae in nature.
Wolbach deserves the credit for the first detailed description of the
etiologicagent in 1919. He clearly recognized it as an intracellular bacterium which was seen most frequently in endothelial cells. He was struck by the fact that in the tick, and also in mammaliancells, the microorganism was intranuclear. The nucleus was often completely filled with minute particles and often was distended. Although Wolbach recognized its similarity to the agent of typhusand tsutsugamushi fever(scrub typhus), he did not regard the designation 'rickettsia' as appropriate. He proposed the name "Dermacentroxenus rickettsi". Emile Brumptfelt that the etiologic agent of RMSF, despite some uncertainty about its properties, belonged in the genus Rickettsia and in 1922 proposed the name "Rickettsia rickettsii".
Weiss K., The Role of Rickettsioses in History. 2 - 14. In: Walker, D.H., Biology of Rickettsial Diseases, Volume I., 1988. CRC Press Inc, Boca Raton, Florida.
Weiss, E., History of Rickettsiology. 15 - 32. In: Walker, D.H., Biology of Rickettsial Diseases, Volume I., 1988. CRC Press Inc, Boca Raton, Florida.
* [http://patric.vbi.vt.edu/genome/overview.php?genomeId=113 "Rickettsia rickettsii"] (from [http://patric.vbi.vt.edu/ PATRIC] , the PathoSystems Resource Integration Center, a [http://www3.niaid.nih.gov/ NIAID] Bioinformatics Resource Center)
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