Large goods vehicle

Large goods vehicle

Large Goods Vehicle (LGV), or category N2 and N3, is the formal term in the European Union for goods vehicles (i.e. lorries) with a maximum allowed mass (MAM) over 3.5 tonnes. Category N2 is up to 12 t, category N3 greater than 12 t.

The former term Heavy Goods Vehicle (HGV) is still very commonly used. The term was changed from HGV to LGV as not all countries in Europe had a word for heavy.Fact|date=December 2007

The LGV driver's licence is divided into four categories:

Category C1 (Class 3) allows the holder to drive a vehicle with a maximum authorised mass (gross vehicle weight) between 3.5 t-7.5 t (3500 kg - 7500 kg) with a trailer up to 750 kg maximum authorised mass.

Category C1+E allows the holder to drive a vehicle with a maximum authorised mass (gross vehicle weight) between 3.5 t-7.5 t (3500 kg - 7500 kg) with a trailer over 750 kg maximum authorised mass, provided that the maximum authorised mass of the trailer does not exceed the unladen mass of the vehicle being driven and the combined maximum authorised mass of both the vehicle and trailer does not exceed 12 t (12000 kg).

Example: A vehicle with an unladen mass of 2650 kg and a MAM of 4005 kg, with a trailer MAM of 2200 kg will give a combined MAM of 6205 kg - but the Unladen Mass of the vehicle being driven (2650 kg) is greater than the MAM of the trailer (2200 kg) so is acceptable. However, a vehicle with an unladen mass of 2650 kg and a MAM of 4005 kg, with a trailer MAM of 2700 kg will give a combined MAM of 6705 kg - but because the MAM of the trailer (2700 kg) exceeds the Unladen Weight of the vehicle being driven (2650 kg), you would need a Category C+E licence to drive that vehicle.

Category C (Class 2) allows the holder to drive a vehicle weighing over 3.5 t (3500 kg) with a trailer up to 750 kg maximum authorised mass.

Category C+E (Class 1) allows the holder to drive a vehicle weighing over 3.5 t (3500 kg) with a trailer over 750 kg maximum authorised mass.

Drivers who passed a Category B (Car) test before 1 January 1997 will have received Categories C1 and C1+E (Restriction Code 107: not more than 8250 kg) through the Implied Rights issued by the DVLA (more commonly known as Grandfather Rights).

In Canada's province of Ontario, drivers holding a Class A licence can drive tractor-trailers where the gross weight of the towed vehicle exceeds 4.6 t. [http://www.mto.gov.on.ca/english/dandv/driver/classes.htm] Drivers holding a Class B (school bus), C (regular bus) or D (heavy truck) licence can drive trucks weighing 11 t, with the towed vehicle weighing a maximum of 4.6 t ("Ibid.").

ee also

*Light commercial vehicle
*Light truck

External links

* [http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/automotive/directives/vehicles/dir88_77_cee.html 88/77/EEC]
* [http://www.mto.gov.on.ca/english/dandv/driver/classes.htm Ontario Ministry of Transportation, Licence Types]
* [http://www.pathwaylgv.co.uk LGV Training]


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