Marrubium

Marrubium
Marrubium
Foliage of Marrubium rotundifolia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Marrubium
L.
Species

See text.

Marrubium (horehound or hoarhound) is a genus of about 40 species of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae, native to temperate regions of Europe and Asia.

Selected species
  • Marrubium alternidens
  • Marrubium alysson
  • Marrubium cylleneum
  • Marrubium friwaldskyanum
  • Marrubium incanum
  • Marrubium kotschyi
  • Marrubium leonuroides
  • Marrubium libanoticum
  • Marrubium peregrinum
  • Marrubium pestalozzae
  • Marrubium rotundifolia
  • Marrubium supinum
  • Marrubium thessalum
  • Marrubium velutinum
  • Marrubium vulgare - White Horehound or Common Horehound

The genus name Marrubium derives from the Hebrew marrob or bitter juice. The common name horehound is of unknown origin, but with the first part 'hore' derived from "hoary", "hairy".

The species formerly classified as Marrubium nigrum (Black Horehound) is now placed in the genus Ballota.

Marrubium species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Coleophora lineolea.



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Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Marrubium — Mar*ru bi*um, n. [L.] (Bot.) A genus of bitter aromatic plants, sometimes used in medicine; hoarhound. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Marrubĭum [1] — Marrubĭum (a. Geogr.), die alte Hauptstadt der Marsi in Italien, am Fuciner See; j. S. Benedetto …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Marrubĭum [2] — Marrubĭum (M. L.), Pflanzengattung aus der Familie der Labiatae Stachydeae Marrubieae, 14. Kl. 1. Ordn. L.; Arten: M. vulgare (Weißer Andorn), M. peregrinum, in Süddeutschland, M. pseudodictamnus, strauchartig, mit dichtem Filze, in Spanien… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Marrubĭum — Tourn. (Andorn), Gattung der Labiaten, ausdauernde, oft filzig oder wollig behaarte Kräuter mit runzeligen, gezahnten oder eingeschnittenen Blättern und meist dicht und vielblütigen Scheinquirlen in Laubblattachseln. 30 Arten in Europa,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Marrubium — Marrubĭum L., Pflanzengattg. der Labiaten, stark behaarte Kräuter bes. im außertrop. Asien. Bei uns M. vulgāre L. (gemeiner Andorn, weißer Dorant), mit weißfilzigem Stengel und Blättern, früher als Mittel gegen Brust und Unterleibsleiden… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Marrubium — Marrubium, s. Andorn …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Marrubium —   Marrubium M. vulgare …   Wikipedia Español

  • Marrubium — ID 52034 Symbol Key MARRU Common Name horehound Family Lamiaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity N/A US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AK, AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, GA, HI, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO,… …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Marrubium — šantra statusas T sritis augalininkystė atitikmenys: lot. Marrubium angl. hoarhound; horehound rus. шандра …   Žemės ūkio augalų selekcijos ir sėklininkystės terminų žodynas

  • Marrubium — noun Old World aromatic herbs: horehound • Syn: ↑genus Marrubium • Hypernyms: ↑asterid dicot genus • Member Holonyms: ↑Labiatae, ↑family Labiatae, ↑Lamiaceae, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

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