- Lambert of Maastricht
name=Saint Lambert of Maastricht
Roman Catholic Church
caption=The murder & martyrdom of Saint Lambert
Saint Lambert or Landebertus (c. 636 - c. 700) was the
bishop of Maastricht( Tongeren) from about 670 until his death. Lambert was from a noble family of Maastricht, a protegé of his uncle, Bishop Theodard of Maastricht. When Theodard was murdered soon after 669, the councillors of Childeric IImade Lambert bishop of Maastricht. Lambert was related to Hugobertand Plectrude, Pepin of Heristal's lawful wife and thus an in-law of hereditary mayors of the palace of Austrasiawho controlled the Merovingiankings of Austrasia. After Childeric was murdered in 673, the faction of Ebroin, majordomo of Neustriaand the power behind that throne, expelled him from his see, in favor of their candidate, Faramundus. Lambert spent seven years in exile at the recently-founded Abbey of Stavelot (674 –681)). With a change in the turbulent political fortunes of the time, Lambert was returned to his see.
In company with
Willibrord, who had come from England in 691, Lambert preached the gospel to the pagans in the lower stretches of the Meuse, in the area that came to be called Brabant.
Shortly after Lambert's (and Plectrude's) family had murdered Dodo, a "domesticus" of
Pepin of Heristaland father of Pepin's mistress Alpaida, Dodo's relatives murdered Lambert out of revenge, on his estate, the Gallo-Roman villathat has become Liège. The official Roman Catholic version is that Lambert became a martyr for his defence of marital fidelity, denouncing Pepin's liaison with Alpaida, daughter of Dodo, who was to become the mother of Charles Martel("CE" "Saint Lambert").
Although Lambert was buried at Maastricht, his successor as bishop,
Hubertus, translated his relics to Liège, to which the see of Maastricht was eventually moved, and where the main square remains the "Place Saint-Lambert".
feast dayin the Roman Catholic Churchcalendar is September 17. The "Lambertusfest" in Münsterhas long been a folk holiday, celebrated for two weeks culminating on the eve of the 17th of September. Children build "Lambertus pyramids" of branches, decorated with lanterns and lamps around which they dance and sing traditional songs (known as "Lambertussingen" or "Käskenspiel").
* [http://www.heiligenlexikon.de/index.htm?BiographienL/Lambert_von_Maastricht.html"Biografisch-Bibliografisches Heiligenlexikon":] Heilige Lambert (in German)
* [http://www.heiligenlexikon.de/index.htm?BiographienL/Lambert_von_Maastricht.html "Ökumenisches Heiligenlexikon":] Lambert (in German)
* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08757a.htm "Catholic Encyclopedia":] "Saint Lambert"
* [http://www.heiligenlexikon.de/index.htm?BiographienD/Dagobert_II.htm "Ökumenisches Heiligenlexikon":] Lambert in the reign of Dagobert II (in German)
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