- Church of the Virgin Mary’s Immaculate Conception, Baku
The Church of the Virgin Mary’s Immaculate Conception ( _az. Bakirə Məryəmin Məsum Hamiləliyi şərəfinə kilsə, _ru. "Храм Непорочного Зачатия Пресвятой Девы Марии") is a Roman Catholic church in
The original church - The Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary's Immaculate Conception (Polish: "Kościół Niepokalanego Poczęcia Najświętszej Maryji Panny"; Russian: "Костёл Непорочного Зачатия Пресвятой Девы Марии"; Azeri: "Müqəddəs Bakirə Məryəmin Məsum Hamiləliyi şərəfinə kilsə") operated from
1915to 1931, when it was ordered destroyed by the Soviet government.
2006, a new Catholic church bearing the same name was rebuilt in a different spot of Baku. On 29 April, 2007the new chruch was consecrated by Apostolic Nuncioin Transcaucasia Monsignor Claudio Gujerotty.
The Old Church
Catholiccommunity was recognized as a separate parish in 1882, thus seceding from the Tetritsq'aroCatholic parish. [az icon [http://www.azerbaijan.az/_GeneralInfo/_TraditionReligion/traditionReligion_01_a.html Azerbaijan: History of the Religions] . "Azerbaijan.az". Retrieved 23 December 2006] The fifty-metre high church was built as a place of worship primarily for Polish residents of Baku (then part of the Russian Empire) who had initially held their masses in parochial houses and had sought legal permission for the construction of a Catholic church.ru icon [http://www.azerbaijan-irs.com/irs/viewer.php?id=000220 "Ave Maria" Used to Be Heard Here] by Jeyla Ibrahimova. "Azerbaijan IRS" Magazine. 15 November 2003. Retrieved 22 December 2006] Even though the permission was given in 1894, due to money shortage, it was not until 1909 that the construction of the church started. The only financial source were donations from the congregation, which consisted mostly of middle- and low-income families.
As a result of the
Soviet Union's secularistpolicies, in 1931 the Church of the Virgin Mary’s Immaculate Conception was destroyed. In 1937, its only senior priest Stefan Demurov(a Georgian Catholic) was sent to a labour camp, where he died a year later. The site is now occupied by the Shahriyar Club (earlier known as the Dzierżyński Club).
The New Church
In 1997, the Catholic community of Baku was re-established. After Pope
John Paul II's visit to Azerbaijan in 2002, it was granted land to build a new church. [cite web | author=| date=September 13, 2005| title=Foundation-laying Ceremony of Catholic Church Held in Baku| format= | work= Today.az | url=http://www.today.az/news/society/20674.html| accessdate=2006-08-19] The new Church of the Virgin Mary’s Immaculate Conception was built in 2006, in a different spot of Baku according to the Italian architect Paolo Rujero’s project in the modern style with elements of New Gothic.The statue of the Virgin Mary by local sculptors was set up over the entrance of the Church which has 200 benches. On 29th April, 2007 the Apostolic Nuncio in Transcaucasia Monsignor Claudio Gujerotty administered the rite of consecration of the Church. [cite web | author=| date=2007| title=The Church of the Virgin Mary’s Immaculate Conception| format= | work= Catholic.az | url=http://www.catholic.az/eng/002-2.php | accessdate=2008-10-07]
Roman Catholic Marian churches
Roman Catholicism in Azerbaijan
* [http://www.catholic.az/eng/index.php Catholic Church in Azerbaijan]
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