SAE J1939 is the
vehicle busstandard used for communication and diagnostics among vehicle components, originally by the car and heavy duty truck industry in the United States.
J1939 is used in the commercial vehicle area for communication throughout the vehicle. With a different physical layer it is used between the tractor and trailer. This is specified in
SAE J1939 defines five layers in the 7-layer OSI network model, and this includes the CAN 2.0b specification (using only the 29-bit/"extended" identifier) for the physical and data-link layers. The session and presentation layers are not part of the specification.
Originally, CAN was not mentioned in J1939, which covered cars and tractor-trailer rigs, and with some dual and triple use 8-bit addresses assigned by the SAE J1939 board. CAN was not originally free, but its instruction set did fit in the custom instruction format of J1939. This was true as of the year 2000. Since then, CAN has been included, the chipset for J1939 has been clocked faster, and 16-bit addresses (PGN) have replaced 8-bit addresses.
ISO_11783and NMEA_2000all share the same high level protocol.
All J1939 packets contain eight bytes of data and a standard header which contains an index called PGN (Parameter Group Number), which is embedded in the message's 29-bit identifier. A PGN identifies a message's function and associated data. J1939 attempts to define standard PGNs to encompass a wide range of automotive, agricultural, marine and off-road vehicle purposes. A range of PGNs (00FF0016 through 00FFFF16, inclusive) is reserved for proprietary use. PGNs define the data which is made up of a variable number of SPN elements defined for unique data. For example, there exist a predefined SPN for engine
SAE J1939 can be considered the replacement for the older SAE
J1708and SAE J1587specifications.
SAE J1939 has been adopted widely by
diesel enginemanufacturers. One driving force behind this is the increasing adoption of the engine Electronic Control Unit(ECU), which provides one method of controlling exhaust gasemissions within US and European standards. Consequently, SAE J1939 can now be found in a range of diesel-powered applications: vehicles (on- and off-road), marine propulsion, power generation and industrial pumping.
Applications of J1939 now include off-highway, truck, bus, and even some passenger car applications.
* [http://www.sae.org SAE International Website]
* [http://www.sae.org/standardsdev/groundvehicle/j1939.htm SAE J1939 Standards Collection]
* [http://www.can-wiki.info/SaeJ1939 CAN Wiki Website J1939 section]
* [http://www.cancapture.com/ J1939 Specific Analysis and Development Tool]
* [http://www.vector-group.net/portal/medien/cmc/application_notes/AN-ION-1-3100_Introduction_to_J1939.pdf Application Note Introduction J1939]
* [http://www.vector-worldwide.com/vi_j1939_en.html Introduction to J1939]
* [http://www.kvaser.com/can/hlps Introduction to J1939]
* [http://www.j1939forum.com J1939 Forum]
* [http://www.j1939standardscollection.com J1939 Documentation Project]
* [http://www.cancapture.com/forum.html CAN/J1939 Technical Discussion] –
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