Frederick Terman

Frederick Terman

name = Frederick Terman

caption =
birth_date = birth date|1900|6|7
birth_place = English, Indiana
death_date = death date and age|1982|12|19|1900|6|7
death_place =
residence = United States
nationality = American
field = Electrical engineering
work_institution =
alma_mater =
doctoral_advisor =
awards = IEEE Medal of Honor

Frederick Emmons Terman (June 7, 1900 in English, Indiana – December 19, 1982) was an American academic. He is widely credited (together with William Shockley) with being the father of Silicon Valley.

Terman completed his undergraduate degree in chemistry and his master's degree in electrical engineering at Stanford University. His father Lewis Terman, the man who popularized the IQ test in America, was a professor at Stanford. Terman went on to earn an ScD in electrical engineering from MIT in 1924. His advisor at MIT was Vannevar Bush, who created the National Science Foundation.

From 1925 to 1941 Terman designed a course of study and research in electronics at Stanford that focused on work with vacuum tubes, circuits, and instrumentation. He also wrote "Radio Engineering" (first edition in 1932; second edition, much improved, in 1938; third edition in 1947 with added coverage of new technologies developed during World War II; fourth edition in 1955 with a new title, "Electronic and Radio Engineering"), one of the most important books on electrical and radio engineering, and to this day a good reference on those subjects. Terman's students at Stanford included Oswald Garrison Villard, Jr., William Hewlett, and David Packard. Just before World War II, Terman decided to dedicate some of the unused land on the Stanford campus in Palo Alto to an industrial park, called Stanford Industrial Park. He encouraged Hewlett and Packard to form a company (Hewlett-Packard) and house it on campus.

During World War II, Terman directed a staff of more than 850 at the Radio Research Laboratory at Harvard University. This organization was the source of Allied jammers to block enemy radar, tunable receivers to detect radar signals, and aluminum strips (“chaff”) to produce spurious reflections on enemy radar receivers. These countermeasures significantly reduced the effectiveness of radar-directed anti-aircraft fire.

After the war Terman was appointed dean of engineering at Stanford University. He was awarded the IRE Medal of Honor in 1950 for "his many contributions to the radio and electronic industry as teacher, author, scientist and administrator", and served as provost at Stanford from 1955 to 1965. During his tenure, Terman greatly expanded the science, statistics and engineering departments in order to win more research grants from the Department of Defense. These grants, in addition to the funds that the patented research generated, helped to catapult Stanford into the ranks of the world's first class educational institutions, as well as spurring the growth of Silicon Valley. In 1964, Dr. Terman became a founding member of the National Academy of Engineering. []

Terman's son teaches in Monterey at the Naval Post-Graduate School.Fact|date=July 2008


* The Frederick Emmons Terman Award was established in 1969 by the American Society for Engineering Education, Electrical and Computer Engineering Division. It is sponsored by Hewlett-Packard and is bestowed annually upon an outstanding young electrical engineering educator. []
* The Frederick Emmons Terman Engineering Scholastic Award is presented to the students that rank academically in the top five percent of the graduating senior class from the Stanford University School of Engineering. []
* Stanford's Frederick Emmons Terman Engineering Center is named in his honor.
* Terman Middle School, in Palo Alto, California is named after Frederick Terman, a longtime resident.

External links

* [ PBS Biography]
* [ Biography at]
* [ List of Founding Members of National Academy of Engineering]
* [ IEEE History Center biography]
* [ The Secret History of Silicon Valley]
* [ Frederick Emmons Terman Papers, 1920-1978] (call number SC160; 110 linear ft.) are housed in the [ Department of Special Collections and University Archives] at [ Stanford University Libraries]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Frederick Terman — (7 juin 1900 à English dans l Indiana 19 décembre 1982) était un académicien américain. Il est, avec William Shockley, l un des pères fondateurs de la Silicon Valley. Education Son père Lewis Terman, qui popularisa les tests de Quotient… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Frederick Terman — Frederick Emmons Terman (* 7. Juni 1900 in English, Indiana; † 19. Dezember 1982 in Palo Alto, Kalifornien) gilt zusammen mit William Shockley als der „Vater von Silicon Valley“. Biographie Terman studierte an der Stanford University und wurde… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Terman — is a surname, and may refer to:* Douglas Terman (author; born 1933), military novelist. * Frederick Terman (engineer; 1900 1982), Provost of Stanford University, credited with establishing Silicon Valley. * Lewis Terman, cognitive psychologist;… …   Wikipedia

  • Terman — ist der Name von Frederick Terman (1900–1982) gilt zusammen mit William Shockley als der „Vater von Silicon Valley“. Lewis M. Terman (1877–1956), US amerikanischer Psychologe Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Untersche …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Frederick E. Terman — Frederick Emmons Terman (* 7. Juni 1900 in English, Indiana; † 19. Dezember 1982 in Palo Alto, Kalifornien) gilt zusammen mit William Shockley als der „Vater von Silicon Valley“. Biographie Terman studierte an der Stanford University und wurde… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Terman, Frederick Emmons — ▪ American engineer born June 7, 1900, English, Indiana, U.S. died December 19, 1982, Palo Alto, California       American electrical engineer known for his contributions to electronics research and antiradar technology.       Terman, the son of… …   Universalium

  • Lewis Terman — Lewis Madison Terman (born 15 January 1877 in Johnson County, Indiana, died 21 December 1956 in Palo Alto, California) was a U.S psychologist, noted as a pioneer in cognitive psychology in the early 20th century at Stanford University. He is best …   Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/Te — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Palo Alto Unified School District — (PAUSD) Type and location Type Public Grades K 12 Established March 20, 1893 [1] Region Palo …   Wikipedia

  • Siliconvalley — Silicon Valley [ˌsɪlɪkn̩ ˈvæli] (deutsch etwa: „Silizium Tal“) ist die umgangssprachliche Bezeichnung für das Gebiet südöstlich der Südhälfte der San Francisco Bay, geprägt durch den Journalisten Don C. Hoefler im Jahre 1971. Es umfasst das Santa …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”