Alexandria in Arachosia

Alexandria in Arachosia

Alexandria in Arachosia was a city in ancient times that is now called Kandahar in Afghanistan. It was one of the seventy-plus cities founded or renamed by Alexander the Great. Arachosia is the Greek name of an ancient province of the Achaemenid, Seleucid and Parthian empires. The province of "Arachosia" corresponds to today's southeastern Afghanistan and western Pakistan, the ethnic Pashtun territory.

Isidorus of Charax in his 1st century CE "Parthian stations" itinerary described an "Alexandropolis, the metropolis of Arachosia", which he said was still Greek even at such a late time:


* [ Alexander the Great: his towns]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Arachosia — (IPA2|ˌærəˈkoʊʒə; el. polytonic|Ἀραχωσία, Arakhōsia ) or Arachotae (IPA2|əˈrækəˌtiː; el. polytonic|Ἀραχῶται, Arakhōtai ) is the latinized form of Greek name of an Achaemenid and Seleucid governorate (satrapy) in the eastern part of their… …   Wikipedia

  • ARACHOSIA — civitas non procul a Massagertis, a Semiramide condita, quae etiam Cophen vocabatur, a Cophe fluv. qui in Indum influit. Steph. Item una e Satrapiis ultra Indum fluv. cuius menubut Plm. l. 6. c. 23. in descriptione Indiae, et Strabo l. 11. Item… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Kandahar — For the 2001 film, see Kandahar (film); for the Kandahar meteorite of 1959, see meteorite falls; for the places in Azerbaijan, see Cəndəhar and Çandahar. Infobox City in Afghanistan official name = Kandahar native name = کندهار province name =… …   Wikipedia

  • Chronology of the expedition of Alexander the Great into Asia — Chronological summary of the expedition of Alexander the Great into Asia against the Persian Empire of king Darius III, with indication of the countries/places visited or simply crossed, including the most important battles/sieges and the cities… …   Wikipedia

  • ancient Greek civilization — ▪ historical region, Eurasia Introduction       the period following Mycenaean civilization, which ended in about 1200 BC, to the death of Alexander the Great, in 323 BC. It was a period of political, philosophical, artistic, and scientific… …   Universalium

  • Kandahar Province — Geobox|Province country = Afghanistan country name = Kandahar native name = کندھار map caption = Map of Afghanistan with Kandahar highlighted capital = Kandahar capital lat d = 31.0 capital long d = 65.5 population as of = 2002 population =… …   Wikipedia

  • Sistan — Modern Sistan (PerB|سیستان) is a border region in southeastern Iran (see Sistan and Baluchestan Province) and southwestern Afghanistan (see Nimruz Province). In ancient times the area was known as Arachosia; it became known as Sakastan in the 1st …   Wikipedia

  • Pakthas — The Pakthas were one of the tribes that fought against Sudas in the Dasarajna battle. Heinrich Zimmer connects them with a tribe already mentioned by Herodotus ( Pactyans ), and with Pakhtuns in Afghanistan and Pakistan. [Macdonell, A.A. and… …   Wikipedia

  • Indo-Greek Kingdom — Infobox Former Country native name = conventional long name = Indo Greek Kingdom common name = Indo Greek Kingdom continent = Asia region = country = era = Antiquity status = event start = year start = 180 BC date start = event1 = date event1 =… …   Wikipedia

  • History of Afghanistan — Timeline …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”