Michelozzo

Michelozzo
Michelozzo
Birth name Michelozzo di Bartolomeo Michelozzi
Born c. 1396
Florence, Italy
Died 1472
Florence, Italy
Nationality Italian
Field Sculpture, Architecture
Movement Early Renaissance
Works Palazzo Medici
Palazzo Medici in Florence.

Michelozzo di Bartolomeo Michelozzi (1396–1472) was an Italian architect and sculptor.

Contents

Biography

Born in Florence, the son of a tailor, he was a pupil of Ghiberti in his early years and later collaborated with Donatello.

He worked in marble, bronze, and silver. The statue of the young St. John over the door of the Duomo in Florence, opposite the Baptistery, was created by him; he also made the silver statuette of John the Baptist on the altar-frontal of San Giovanni. Michelozzo's great friend and patron was Cosimo de' Medici, whom he accompanied to Venice in 1433 during his short exile. While at Venice, Michelozzo built the library of San Giorgio Maggiore, and designed other buildings there.

In 1428, together with Donatello, he erected an open-air pulpit at an angle of the Cathedral of St. Stephen at Prato. The large Palazzo Medici in Florence, built by Cosimo, was designed by him; it is one of the noblest specimens of Italian fifteenth-century architecture, in which the great taste and skill of the architect has combined the delicate lightness of the earlier Italian Gothic with the massive stateliness of the classical style. With great engineering skill Michelozzo shored up, and partly rebuilt, the Palazzo Vecchio, then in a ruinous condition, and added to it many important rooms and staircases. When, in 1437, through Cosimo's liberality, the monastery of San Marco at Florence was handed over to the Dominicans of Fiesole, Michelozzo was employed to rebuild the domestic part and remodel the church.

For Cosimo he designed numerous other buildings, mostly of them of noteworthy importance. Among these were a guest-house at Jerusalem for the use of Florentine pilgrims, Cosimo's summer villa at Careggi, and the fortified castello that he rebuilt from 1452 as the Villa Medicea di Cafaggiolo in Mugello. For Giovanni de' Medici, Cosimo's son, he built a very large villa at Fiesole.

In 1461-1464 he constructed the walls of Ston, in Dalmatia, the largest medieval wall in Europe[1]

In spite of Vasari's statement that he died at the age of sixty-eight, he appears to have lived till 1472. He is buried in the monastery of San Marco, Florence.

See also

References

Further reading

  • Caplow, Harriet McNeal. Michelozzo, 2 vols. New York: Garland, 1977.
  • Ferrara, Miranda, and Francesco Quinterio. Michelozzo di Bartolomeo. Florence: Salimbeni, 1984.
  • Lightbown, Ronald W. Donatello and Michelozzo: an artistic partnership and its patrons in the early Renaissance. London: H. Miller, 1980.
  • Michelozzo: scultore e architetto (1396–1472). Florence: Centro Di, 1997.
  • Maria Carchio, Roberto Manescalchi, La scoperta di un Michelozzo inedito: una scala dimenticata nel convento dell’Annunziata, Firenze, Ananke n°43, settembre, 2004.

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Michelozzo — Nombre de nacimiento Michelozzo di Bartolomeo Michelozzi Nacimiento c. 1396 Florencia, (Italia) Fallecimiento 1472 Florencia, (Italia) Nacionalidad …   Wikipedia Español

  • Michelozzo —   [mike lɔttso], Michelozzo di Bartolommeo, italienischer Baumeister und Bildhauer, * Florenz 1396, begraben ebenda 7. 10. 1472; arbeitete als Bildhauer in Werkstattgemeinschaft zuerst mit L. Ghiberti, dann 1425 33 mit Donatello; von ihm allein… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Michelozzo — (spr. mikel ), ital. Baumeister und Bildhauer, geb. 1396 in Florenz, gest. 1479, das. und in Venedig tätig; Hauptwerke: Palast Riccardi in Florenz, Statue Johannes des Täufers u.a. – Vgl. Wolff (1900) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Michelozzo — Michelozzo, Bartolomeo Michelozzi, llamado …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Michelozzo — ▪ Italian artist in full  Michelozzo Di Bartolommeo, Michelozzo  also spelled  Michelozzi  born 1396, Florence died 1472, Florence       architect and sculptor, notable in the development of Florentine Renaissance architecture.       Michelozzo… …   Universalium

  • Michelozzo — Palais Médici Riccardi à Florence Michelozzo Michelozzi (Florence 1396 1472) (de son vrai nom Michelozzo di Bartolommeo Michelozzi), était un architecte et sculpteur italien de la Renaissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Michelozzo — Das Grabmonument für Johannes XXIII. Michelozzo di Bartolom(m)eo, auch kurz Michelozzo genannt, (* 1396 in Florenz; † 7. Oktober 1472 ebenda) war ein italienischer Bildhauer und Architekt der Renaissance. Leben …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Michelozzo — n. Michelozzo di Bartolommeo (1391 1472), Italian architect and sculptor born in Florence, also known as Michelozzo Michelozzi …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Michelozzo — /mikəˈlɒtsoʊ/ (say meekuh lotsoh) noun (Michelozzo di Bartolommeo), 1396–1472, Italian architect and sculptor …   Australian-English dictionary

  • Michelozzo — …   Useful english dictionary

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