Pekah ("open-eyed"), was king of Israel, the son of Remaliah, and a captain in the army of Pekahiah, king of Israel. William F. Albright has dated his reign to 737 BCE-732 BCE, while E. R. Thiele offers the dates 740 BCE-732 BCE. Although Pekah is said to reign for twenty years in the Book of Kings, such a lengthy reign cannot be supported from the evidence of the Assyrian chronicles, which show Menahem to have been King in 740 BC and Hoshea to have been King from 732 BC.

With the aid of a band of Gileadites, he slew Pekahiah and assumed the throne ("2 Kings" 15:25). According to the book of Kings, seventeen years after this he entered into an alliance with Rezin, king of the Arameans, and took part with him in a siege of Jerusalem ("2 Kings" 15:37; 16:5). But Tiglath-Pileser III, who was in alliance with Ahaz, king of Judah, came up against Pekah, and carried away as captives many of the inhabitants of his kingdom ("2 Kings" 15:29; Tiglath-Pileser also records this act in one of his inscriptions). Soon after this Pekah was put to death by Hoshea, the son of Elah, who usurped the throne ("2 Kings" 15:30; 16:1-9; compare "Isaiah" 7:16; 8:4; 9:12), although Tiglath-Pileser claims in an inscription to have replaced Pekah with Hoshea himself. He is supposed by some to have been the "shepherd" mentioned in "Zechariah" 11:16.

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  • PEKAH — (Heb. פֶּקַח; He (God) has opened (His eyes), i.e., given heed), son of Remaliah, king of Israel from 735 to 732 B.C.E. (II Kings 15:27–32). In the inscriptions of Tiglath Pileser III, his name appears in the form Pa qa ḥa. It is stated that… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Pekah — Pekah, Anführer der aus Gileaditen bestehenden Leibwache des Königs Pekajah (Pekachja) von Israel; P. ermordete denselben nach zweijähriger Regierung in der Burg zu Samaria u. setzte sich selbst auf den Thron, 758 (nach And. 747); er verband sich …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Pekah — (hebr. Peka ch), König von Israel 748–728, nach andrer Zeitrechnung 736–704 v. Chr., Sohn Remaljas, hatte sich nach einer Palastrevolution und Ermordung Pekajahs (s. d.) des Throns bemächtigt, den er hart und grausam zu behaupten wußte. Er schloß …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Pekah — Pekah, König von Israel, der vorletzte König des Nordreichs, Adjutant des Pekahja (s.d.), soll nach dem Königsbuch 20 Jahre, nach den assyr. Nachrichten nur 5 Jahre regiert haben …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Pekah —    Open eyed, the son of Remaliah a captain in the army of Pekahiah, king of Israel, whom he slew, with the aid of a band of Gileadites, and succeeded (B.C. 758) on the throne (2 Kings 15:25). Seventeen years after this he entered into an… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Pekah — (fl. 8th cent BCE)    King of Israel (735 732 BCE). He gained the throne by killing Pekahiah. He formed an alliance with Rezin of Aram Dammesek and together they attacked Judah. King Ahaz of Judah appealed to the Assyrian king Tiglath Pileser III …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Pekah — King of Israel 737–732 BCE after murdering Pekahiah; he was himself murdered by Hoshea. During his reign he allied himself with Syria in war against Assyria and endeavoured to coerce Judah into the conspiracy. Instead Ahaz of Judah, contrary to… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Pekah of Israel — see Tiglath Pileser III. Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David …   Ancient Egypt

  • PHACEE vel PEKAH — PHACEE, vel PEKAH Romeliae, vel Remaliaefil. Phaceiâ, in convivio, occisô, a militibus Rex Israelis proclamatus est, A. M. 3276. impietate et iniustitiâ infamis. Achazum Iudae Reg. 120000. occisis superavit; ob saevitiam in Iudaeos exercitam a… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Pierpoljak — (2011) Surnom Pierpoljak / Pékah / Général Indigo Nom …   Wikipédia en Français

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