Rechabite

Rechabite

Rechabites - the descendants of Rechab through Jonadab or Jehonadab. They belonged to the Kenites, who accompanied the children of Israel into the holy land, and dwelt among them. Moses married a Kenite wife, [Judges 1:16] and Jael was the wife of "Heber the Kenite". [Judges 4:17] Saul also showed kindness to the Kenites. [1 Sam. 15:6] The main body of the Kenites dwelt in cities, and adopted settled habits of life; [1 Sam. 30:29] but Jehonadab forbade his descendants to drink wine or to live in cities. [CathEncy|wstitle=Rechab and the Rechabites] They were commanded to lead always a nomad life. They adhered to the law laid down by Jonadab, and were noted for their fidelity to the old-established custom of their family in the days of Jeremiah (35); and this feature of their character is referred to by the prophet for the purpose of giving point to his own exhortation. [They are referred to in Neh. 3:14 and 1 Chr. 2:55]

In 1839 the Reverend Joseph Wolff, who later went to Bokhara to attempt to save Conolly and Stoddart, found in the Yemen, near Sanaa, a tribe claiming to be descendants of Jehonadab; and in the late nineteenth century a Bedouin tribe was found near the Dead Sea who also professed to be descendants of Jehonadab. [ [http://www.ccel.org/ccel/easton/ebd2.html?term=Rechabites Rechabites] - Easton's Bible Dictionary]

The term Rechabites also refers to a religious order, similar in some ways to the Nazarites, and are mentioned by Eusebius of Emesa. [H. E. ii. 23] In more recent times the name has been used by Christian groups keen to promote total abstinence from alcohol, such as the Independent Order of Rechabites.

References


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  • Rechabite — Re chab*ite (r[=e] k[a^]b*[imac]t), n. (Jewish Hist.) One of the descendants of Jonadab, the son of Rechab, all of whom by his injunction abstained from the use of intoxicating drinks and even from planting the vine. Jer. xxxv. 2 19. Also, in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • réchabite — (ré cha bi t ) s. m. Nom, dans Jérémie, de Juifs qui ne buvaient pas de vin, ne labouraient ni ne semaient, ni ne bâtissaient de maison, mais habitaient dans des tentes. SUPPLÉMENT AU DICTIONNAIRE    RÉCHABITE. Ajoutez : ÉTYM. Cette secte juive a …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Rechabite — ▪ Israelite sect       member of a conservative, ascetic Israelite sect that was named for Rechab, the father of Jehonadab. Jehonadab was an ally of Jehu, a 9th century BC king of Israel, and a zealous antagonist against the worshippers of Baal,… …   Universalium

  • rechabite — rech·ab·ite …   English syllables

  • Rechabite — /ˈrɛkəbaɪt/ (say rekuhbuyt) noun 1. one of a Jewish family which refused to drink wine or live in houses, descended from Jonadab, son of Rechab. 2. someone who abstains from intoxicating liquor, especially a member of the Independent Order of… …  

  • rechabite — ˈrekəˌbīt noun ( s) Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: Late Latin Rechabitae (plural), from Hebrew Rēkhābh Rechab, ancestor of the family (Jer 35:2) + Latin ita ite 1. : a member of a family group in ancient Israel that lived in tent …   Useful english dictionary

  • rechabitism — ˌbīd.ˌizəm, īˌtiz noun ( s) Usage: usually capitalized : the practice of a Rechabite * * * Rechˈabitism noun • • • Main Entry: ↑Rechabite …   Useful english dictionary

  • Jehu — Yehu redirects here, for the instrument, see Yehu (instrument).Jehu (Hebrew Name|יְהוּא|Yehu|Yəhû| The Lord is He ) was king of Israel, the son of Jehoshaphat [Jehu’s father was not the roughly contemporaneous King Jehoshaphat of Judah, whose own …   Wikipedia

  • John the Baptist — Saint John the Baptist John the Baptist by Bartolomeo Veneto 16th century Prophet, Preacher, Forerunner, Martyr Born c. 5 BC Died 3 …   Wikipedia

  • Independent Order of Rechabites — The Independent Order of Rechabites was a Friendly Society founded in England in 1835 as part of the temperance movement to promote total abstinence from alcoholic beverages. Always well connected in upper society and involved in financial… …   Wikipedia

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