Foulden, Scottish Borders

Foulden, Scottish Borders

Foulden is an ancient parish and village in Berwickshire, Scotland, situated not far above the Whiteadder Water, and seven miles west of Berwick-upon-Tweed.

It has "one of the most striking village ensembles in the Borders" which incorporates the former school of 1881, all designed by John Lessels. [ Strang, Charles Alexander, "Borders and Berwick", Rutland Press, 1994, p.36, ISBN 1-873190-10-7] .

Lairds

Originally one of the superiorities of Coldingham Priory (a part of the parish is still called Nunlands), at a very early date it was resigned to the Ramsay family for whom it was erected into a Free Barony. William de Ramsay swore fealty to King Edward I of England, for his lands of Dalwolsie (Dalhousie), Edinburghshire, and of Foulden, Berwickshire, in 1296, and again in 1304.

One of this family, George, lived in a tower house at Foulden Bastel and died in January 1592, his tomb is extant. His son James was residing at the Bastel in 1618 [ Historic Manuscripts Commission, "Manuscripts of Colonel David Milne Home of Wedderburn Castle, N.B.", London, 1902: 184] .

In the 17th century the barony of Foulden and its lands were conveyed to Sir John Wilkie, a rich burgess of Lanark. In 1696 John Wilkie's residence in Foulden had six taxable hearths, virtually everyone else in the vicinity having just one. Foulden remained with this family until they failed in the male line with James Bruce Wilkie of Foulden, a Captain in the King's Own Scottish Borderers Regiment, who died December 12, 1935. The Wilkies were responsible for construction and original ownership of the village. The local manor, Foulden House, rebuilt by the Wilkies circa 1800, had a main Georgian block of three and a half stories, flanked by peristyled and porticoed two-storey pavilion wings. It was a casualty of the post WWII country-house demolitions [ Strang, (1994) p.37] .

Early ministers

The Ramsay family consolidated their position in Foulden by providing family members as ministers there: Alexander Ramsay was Rector of Foulden in 1562, Thomas (or Tobias) Ramsay (1596 - 1614), and Thomas Ramsay (1630 - 1652) [ Ewan, Elspeth, editor, "Foulden & Mordington" - Berwickshire Monumental inscriptions Book 8, Borders Family History Society, 2000, p.3, ISBN 1-874232-06-0] [ Hist. MSS, Milne Home (1902) pps:189/230-2] who built the tower house at nearby Nether Mordington ["The Great Seal of Scotland", 13 September 1636, no.589 (printed edition) ] , today's Edrington House.

Kirk

The parish church and its churchyard date from the 13th century and the present church was rebuilt in 1789. The 18th century Manse, which stands at the entrance to the churchyard, was rebuilt in 1841. The ancient Tithe Barn adjoining the churchyard, one of only two remaining in Scotland, where once The Church's 10% was deposited, is now in the care of and protected by Historic Scotland [ Strang, (1994) p.37] .

The parish is today conjoined with that of Mordington & Lamberton.

Local government

The parish is within the regional authority of the Scottish Borders Council. Now conjoined with its eastern neighbouring parishes, there is a local Foulden Mordington & Lamberton Community Council (similar to an English parish council) which meets monthly.

Notes

References

* "The Scottish Nation", by William Anderson, Edinburgh, 1870, vol.2, pps:321-2 (on Ramsay family & Foulden)
* "Smallholding Memories", General editor John Williams, J.P., Berwick-upon-Tweed, 2000, (for Foulden parish).
* "The Scottish Genealogist", Edinburgh, vol.LII, no,1, March 2005, p.48 (on Foulden Kirk). ISSN|0300-337X


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