- USS Phelps (DD-360)
"Phelps" was laid down
2 January 1934by Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corp., Quincy, Massachusetts; launched 18 July 1935; sponsored by Mrs. Richard A. Kearny; and commissioned 26 February 1936, Commander Albert H. Rooksin command.
In November 1936 "Phelps", along with the
cruiser"Chester", escorted the heavy cruiser"Indianapolis" carrying President Franklin D. Roosevelt to Buenos Aires, Argentinafor the opening of the Inter-American Peace Conference of 1936. The cruise included good-will visits to Montevideo, Uruguayand Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Following peacetime duty in the Pacific, "Phelps" shot down one enemy plane at
Pearl Harbor 7 December 1941. She aided the carrier "Lexington" (CV-2) in air battles against the Japanese near Port Moresby, New Guinea, in February and March.
Suffering no casualties in the
Battle of the Coral Sea4– 8 May, she helped to sink "Lexington" on 8 Mayto prevent enemy capture of that carrier.
In June 1942 she protected the American carriers that dealt a heavy blow to the Japanese Navy in the
Battle of Midway. In August 1942 she guarded forces invading Guadalcanal. After a visit to the west coast in October, she participated in landings upon Attu, Alaska, in May 1943. After bombarding Kiska, Alaska, she provided gunfire support for landings at Makin Atollin November 1943. In the Marshall Islandscampaign in February 1944, she bombarded Kwajaleinand Eniwetok. In March she guarded tankers during a strike on the PalauIslands. In June she bombarded Saipanto protect American forces that had landed there on the 15th.
Following duty at Saipan, she steamed via the
Panama Canalto Charleston, South Carolina, for armament alterations, arriving 2 August. Departing Norfolk, Virginia, in November, she escorted a convoy to Mers-el-Kebir, Algeria. After three more convoy escort voyages to the Mediterraneanin 1945, she arrived at New York, New York 10 June.
6 November 1945, she was struck from the Naval Vessel Register 28 January 1947, and scrapped by Northern Metals Co., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
"Phelps" received twelve
battle stars for World War II service.
List of United States Navy destroyers
* [http://www.history.navy.mil/docs/wwii/pearl/ph68.htm "Phelps" Pearl Harbor after action report]
* [http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/p6/phelps.htm DANFS - "Phelps"]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.