name = Anise
image_width = 240px
genus = "
species = "P. anisum"
binomial = "Pimpinella anisum"
binomial_authority = L.
[http://cougar.eb.com/soundc11/a/anise001.wav Anise] or Aniseed, less commonly anís (stressed on the second syllable) ("Pimpinella anisum"), is a
flowering plantin the family Apiaceae, native to the eastern Mediterranean regionand southwest Asia. It is an herbaceous annual plantgrowing to 3 ft (1 m) tall. The leaves at the base of the plant are simple, 0.5 in - 2 in (2 - 5 cm) long and shallowly lobed, while leaves higher on the stems are feathery pinnate, divided into numerous leafs. The flowers are white, approximately 3 mm diameter, produced in dense umbels. The fruitis an oblong dry schizocarp, 3 - 5 mm long. It is these seedpods that are referred to as aniseed rather than what the name suggests. [http://www.uni-graz.at/~katzer/engl/Pimp_ani.html]
"Pimpinella" species are used as food by the
larvae of some Lepidopteraspecies ( butterfliesand moths), including the lime-speck mugand wormwood mug.
* Refer to the monograph of the 4th edition of the
European Pharmacopoeia .
Best growth is in light, fertile, well drained soil. Start plants from seeds as soon as the ground warms up in spring. Because plants have a tap root they do not transplant well after established, so start them where they are to grow, or transplant while seedlings are still small. [ [http://www.growingherbs.org.uk/herbs/how_to_grow_anise.htm How to Grow Anise] ]
liquorice-like components [, [http://www.uni-graz.at/~katzer/engl/Pimp_ani.html Spice Pages: Anise Seeds (Pimpinella anisum) ] ] anise is sweet and very aromatic. It is used to make the following confectioneries: Aniseed balls (Britain), Humbugs ( Australia), Aniseed wheels ( New Zealand), pizzelles ( Italy), pfeffernusse( Germany), and knotts ( Norway). Aniseed is also used to make the Mexicandrink " atolede anís" or champurrado which is similar to hot chocolate, the Turkish drink Raki (alcoholic beverage),the Greek Ouzo, the Italian Sambuca, the spirit absinthe, the favourite for Arabic Arak, some root beersuch as Virgil's Root Beerin the United States and as a digestive after meals in India.It also is used to make the dough, when preparing the famous Peruvian dessert " Picarones."In Colombia, it is also used to add to the national drink aguardiente, in which, depending on the region, more or less anise gives the typical drink its distinctive flavor.
* Anise, like
fennel, contains anethole, and is known to be a phytoestrogen. [Fennel and anise as estrogenic agents PMID 6999244]
* Anise is a mild antiparasitic and its leaves can be used to treat digestive problems, relieve toothache, and its
essential oilto treat liceand scabies.
aromatherapy, aniseed essential oil is used to treat colds and flu.
* According to
Pliny the Elder, anise was used as a cure for sleeplessness, chewed with alexandersand a little honey in the morning to freshen the breath, and when mixed with wine as a remedy for scorpion stings (N.H. 20.72).
* In the Mediterranean, aniseed is used in producing alcoholic beverages, such as arak (Lebanon),
ouzo(Greece) and Raki in Turkey.
* In Indian cuisine, no distinction is made between anise and fennel. Therefore, the same name (saunf) is usually given to both of them. Some use the term patli (thin) saunf or velayati (foreign) saunf to distinguish anise from fennel.
Thailandit is used to flavor tea.
Pakistanboiling water is poured over about a tablespoon of aniseed in a teacup to make a hot tea.
* Builders of
steam locomotives in Britain incorporated capsules of aniseed oil into white metalbearings, so that the distinctive smell would give warning in case of overheating.
* Aniseed is the flavour of the sweetened gum Blackjack and Nigeria's "Tom Tom" candy.
Anise can be made into a liquid scent and is used for both
huntingand fishing. Anise smells similar to liquoriceand is put on fishing lures to attract fish. Anethole, the principal component of anise oil, is a precursor that can eventually produce 2,5-dimethoxybenzaldehyde which is used in the clandestine synthesis of psychedelic drugssuch as 2C-B, 2C-Iand DOB. [cite journal
coauthors = Dieter Waumans, Noël Bruneel, Jan Tytgat
title = Anise Oil as a Precursor for 2-Alkoxy-5-methoxybenzaldehydes
journal = DEA Microgram Journal
volume = 2
issue = 1
url = http://www.dea.gov/programs/forensicsci/microgram/journal2004/page4.html
accessdate = 2006-12-09 ] Anise is also the main flavor of
absintheas well as being used as a flavoring for pastis, ouzo, pernod, sambuca, rakı, Becherovka, anice tutone, Chartreuse and other liqueurs. Anise has a particular effect on some dogsthat parallels the effect of catnipon house cats. Some cats as well seem attracted to anise. Anise is perfectly safe for cats and dogs alike to ingest.
Ѓумбир; Исиот (Gjumbir; Isiot) in Macedonian; Anis or Erva-doce in Portuguese
* [http://www.eherbal.org/data/anise.html Anise medicinal uses, active ingredients, and additional details]
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