Urdu: مجلس شوری) ("Council of Advisors" in Urdu, although referred to as " Parliament") is the federal and supreme legislative body of Pakistan. It is bicameral federal legislatureof Pakistanthat consists of the Senate ( upper house) and the National Assemblycalled ( lower house). According to Article 50 of the Constitution of Pakistan, the Council consists also of the President of Pakistan.
The Constitution gives the
President of Pakistanthe authority to dissolve (and thereby trigger new elections for) the National Assembly but not the Senate, which is not subject to dissolution.
The National Assembly of Pakistan is the
lower house. It consist of 342 members, 272 of whom are directly elected, 60 reserved for women and 10 for minorities. 13 women are directly elected Pakistani law requires that at least 20% of the members be women.
The Senate of Pakistan is
upper houseof parliament. It has a 100 members; as of 2008, 18 of these members are women, one greater than the required number.According to the constitution President can not dissolve Senate.
The Constitution, which is written in English, uses the spelling "Majlis-e-Shoora". "Majlis-i-Shoora", "Majlis-e-Shura", and "Majlis-i-Shura" are also valid
transliterations from the Urduspelling.
Parliament House Building
The Parliament of Pakistan - viz the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan - met on
August 10, 1947in the old Sindh AssemblyBuilding at Karachi.It was in this venue that the Objectives Resolution, which now serves as the grund norm of Pakistan, was passed. In 1956, the first Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan was adopted in Karachi at the same Sindh Assemblybuilding which also passed as the Parliament of Pakistan.
After the adoption of the Second Constitution of 1962, Parliament sessions were arranged both at
Dhakaand a newly constructed building (Ayub Hall) at Rawalpindi. The Parliament was uni-cameral. At the first session of the Parliament at the Ayub Hall, the Martial Law, imposed in 1958, was revoked. Later, in October, 1966, the Parliament was shifted to Dhaka.
1972onward, the State Bank auditorium in Islamabadfunctioned as the National Assembly of Pakistan. The Interim Constitution of Pakistan was adopted here in April, 1972. It was here that the first bi-cameral legislature of Pakistan was also born after the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan was adopted in 1973. It was again here that the Martial Law, imposed in July, 1977, was revoked on December 30, 1985.
The Parliament - the Senate and the National Assembly - have acquired a permanent abode in the present Parliament House, which was inaugurated on
May 28, 1986. The Hall was renovated on the orders of the Speaker and inaugurated by the Prime Minister of Pakistanon 3rd November, 1996.
Constitution of Pakistan
Government of Pakistan
Elections in Pakistan
Politics of Pakistan
Supreme Court of Pakistan
President of Pakistan
Prime Minister of Pakistan
Chief Justice of Pakistan
Chief of Army Staff of the Pakistan Army
Foreign Minister of Pakistan
Finance Minister of Pakistan
Interior Minister of Pakistan
Defence Minister of Pakistan
* [http://www.senate.gov.pk/ Official website]
* [http://www.pakistani.org/pakistan/constitution/part3.ch2.html Article 50 of the Constitution of Pakistan]
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