- Expressways of Beijing
Beijingwas first linked to outside areas by the Jingshi Expresswayin the late 1980s and early 1990s. Now, nine expressways link Beijing, and more are to come.
When the Airport Expressway and the
Jingjintang Expresswayopened, Beijing was already been griped by "expressway fever". Out in the far eastern part of town lay a nearly universally neglected Jingha Expressway; only with the construction of the Jingtong Expresswayin the mid 1990s did the Jingha Expressway get more recognition. It still is too far out of central Beijing to be recognised as an important express roadway.
People's Republic of China's 50th anniversary, however, expressways were closing on into Beijing. One by one, the Badaling Expressway, Jingshen Expresswayand (in 2000) the Jingkai Expresswaylocked in onto central Beijing as a target. Beijing was now encompassed with eight expressways.
In 2001, a new northern gate burst open, forming the
Jingcheng Expressway. The northeastern and southeastern parts are ready to accommodate two more expressways (the Jingping/Jingji and Northern Jingji Expressways, respectively).
Being the host city for the
2008 Summer Olympics, Beijing has ambitious plans to develop "everything" -- and expressways are no exception.
Four years before 2008, the municipal government came out with a plan to complete up to 890 km of expressways (277 km alone in 2006). By 2006, the massive 6th Ring Road would be completed. Also in that year, a major batch of expressways would be completed.
The web of expressways around Beijing would amount to as many as 15 expressways (Jingping/Jingji, Northern Jingjin, Southern Jingjin, 2nd Airport Expressway, Northern Airport Expressway and Litian Expressway, plus the nine expressways of today). Of these, 11 would radiate from central Beijing.
In early January 2005, mainland authorities revealed an even grander plan for seven national expressways originating from Beijing. Amongst those included an expressway bound straight for
The expressways include:
Beijing- Shanghai( Jinghu Expressway)
Beijing- Hong Kong/ Macau
After the "
Three Links" come into effect, the projected 85,000 km of mainland expressways will have a link, possibly by tunnel, to Taiwanand all expressways on the island.
The nine expressways
Nine toll expressways link Beijing to its suburbs, outlying regions, and other cities.
Badaling Expresswayconnects Beijing to the Badalingsection of the Great Wall of China. It runs from Madian to Badaling and Yanqingfor a total of nearly 70 kilometres. Parts of the expressway run through hilly terrain.
Madian(N. 3rd Ring Road) - Jianxiang(N. 4th Ring Road) - Shangqing (N. 5th Ring Road) - Huilongguan- Beianhe- Shahe- Baige(N. 6th Ring Road) - Changping District- Nankou- Badaling- Yanqing- Jingzhang ExpresswaySpeed Limit: 100 km/h, hilly portion 60 km/h Tolls: As of 5th Ring Road, heading northwest
Jingcheng Expresswayruns to Chengdeand is currently completed from the northeastern 3rd Ring Roadthrough to Gaoliying for 23 kilometres. It is one of Beijing's newest expressways. The entire expressway is slated for a 2006 completion.
TaiyanggongBridge (N. 3rd Ring Road) - Wanghe Bridge(N. 4th Ring Road) - Laiguangying(N. 5th Ring Road) - Huanggang - Yandan- Gaoliying (N. 6th Ring Road) Speed Limit: 100 km/h throughout Tolls: As of Jingcheng Rd. Toll Gate, heading north
The Airport Expressway to
Beijing Capital International Airportruns for under 20 kilometres and is one of the most heavily-used expressways in Beijing. Despite this, traffic jams seem to be incredibly rare. However, Beijing authorities are planning two more expressways to link to the airport.
Sanyuanqiao(N. 3rd Ring Road) - Siyuan Bridge(N. 4th Ring Road) - Dashanzi- N. 5th Ring Road- Beigao- Yanglin Road- XiaotianzuRoad - Beijing Capital International AirportSpeed Limit: Maximum 120 km/h throughout (left lane only, others 100 km/h) Tolls: As of Beigao, heading northeast
Jingtong Expresswayruns through to Tongzhou Districtfor approximately 15 kilometres. It has no numbered expressway exits (except for one at the very beginning in central Beijing) and functions mainly as a city express route.
Dawang Bridge- E. 4th Ring Road- Gaobeidian - E. 5th Ring Road- Shuangqiao- Huicun- Tongzhou or Ximazhuangand Jingha ExpresswaySpeed Limit: 100 km/h throughout as of Gaobeidian until Huicun, otherwise 80 km/h Tolls: As of Shuangqiao, heading east
Jingha Expresswaywas planned to run to Harbin, but has apparently been abandoned as of Yanjiao, Hebei. It is a short and rather old expressway.
Beiguan Roundabout- E. 6th Ring Road- Baimiao- Yanjiao- China National Highway 102Speed Limit: 90 km/h throughout Tolls: As of E. 6th Ring Road, heading east
Jingshen Expresswayto Shenyangruns for 658 kilometres and is one of the longest expressways to leave Beijing.
Sifang Bridge(E. 4th Ring Road) - Wufang Bridge(E. 5th Ring Road) - Bailu Toll Gate - E. 6th Ring Road- Xianghe( Hebei) - Baodi ( Tianjin) - Yutian- Lulong- BeidaiheArea - Shanhaiguan- ShenyangSpeed Limit: 110 km/h throughout (Tianjin section: 120 km/h) Tolls: As of Bailu Toll Gate, heading east
Jingjintang Expressway(or Jingtang Expressway) heads for Tianjinand Tanggu. However, due to the heavy onslaught of lorry traffic, it can get jammed up at times.
Fenzhongsi(E. 3rd Ring Road) - Shibalidian(E. 4th Ring Road) - Dayangfang(E. 5th Ring Road) - Toll Gate - Majuqiao(E. 6th Ring Road) - Caiyu- Langfang- Yangcun- Yixingbu- Central Tianjin- Tianjin Airport - TangguSpeed Limit: 110 km/h throughout (except for the start in Beijing - 70 km/h or 80 km/h) Tolls: As of Dayangfang Toll Gate, heading south-east
Jingkai Expresswayheads for Kaifeng, but is interrupted as of Yufa, Beijing, where the Beijing section ends. It continues as China National Highway 106.
Route (Beijing section):
Yuquanying(E. 3rd Ring Road) - Xinfadi- Majialou(E. 4th Ring Road) - Toll Gate - 5th Ring Road- Daxing - Huangcun(E. 6th Ring Road) - Panggezhuang- Yufa- China National Highway 106Speed Limit: 80 km/h before the toll gate at Xihongmen, 110 km/h afterwards Tolls: As of Xihongmen Toll Gate, heading south
Jingshi Expresswayto Shijiazhuangis one of the oldest expressways in Beijing. In fact, it was China's first completed expressway.
Liuliqiao(W. 3rd Ring Road) - Yuegezhuang(W. 4th Ring Road) - Xidaokou- W. 5th Ring Road - Dujiakan Toll Gate - Zhaoxindian - Daxing - Liangxing(Fangshan) - 6th Ring Road - Doudian- Liulihe- Hebei Toll Gate - Zhuozhou- Dingxing- Baojin Expressway- Baoding- ShijiazhuangSpeed Limit: 110 km/h throughout Beijing section, 120 km/h thereafter Tolls: As of Dujiakan Toll Gate, heading southwest "Note:" Tolls are not networked, and you need to pay again at the toll gate in South Beijing. However, tolls are networked with the 6th Ring Road.
The nine expressways also indirectly become portions of other expressways.
The Badaling Expressway connects after
Yanqingto Zhangjiakouas the Jingzhang Expressway. Already as of Madian, it forms part of the Jingda Expressway.
Jinghu Expresswaybecomes an independent expressway after Tianjin.
Jingshi Expresswayforms part of the very long Jingzhu Expressway.
The Badaling Expressway is sometimes referred to as the Jingchang Expressway, as the first stage of the expressway runs through
"Current Status: Not yet constructed; in planning"
Pinggu Districtso far is the only district without an expressway link. However, Beijing will soon build the Jingping Expressway to link to Pinggu.
This expressway is will also link to
JixianCounty in Tianjin, which would also link to the Jinji Expressway, ultimately connecting TianjinCity. Thus, this road is also known as the projected Jingji Expressway.
The expressway would start at
YaojiayuanBridge on Beijing's 5th Ring Roadand stretch for 69 kilometres. It would ultimately be connected to the eastern 4th Ring Road.
A tunnel is planned. The expressway would presumably be constructed in 2005, with a section opening in early 2006, and completion scheduled by early 2007.
Jingkai Expresswayfrom Yuquanyingto Yufaopen to traffic"
In 2004, an additional 7 kilometres of the Jingkai Expressway was announced. Although specific details aren't clear right now, it may be the extension from
Yufainto Gu'anin Hebeiprovince, which currently is part of China National Highway 106, but which many maps claim now to be already expressway.
"Current Status: Portion from N.
3rd Ring Roadthrough N. 6th Ring Roadopen to traffic"
A stretch to
Miyunhas been trumpeted to be completed by the end of this year. These form Stage 2 of the Jingcheng Expressway. However, the construction work on the stretch to Miyun is rather slow, and a completion this year may be doubted.
Stage 3 will stretch to the outer confines of Beijing municipality.
Work on the Hebei stretch connecting it to
Chengdeis also getting underway.
The remaining Beijing sections are 108.6 km in length (in total).
"Current Status: Airport Expressway open to traffic"
Two further routes, both of them being expressways, will link
Beijing Capital International Airport.
The Airport Northern Route from the
Jingcheng Expresswaywill stretch 10.8 km to the airport.
A second airport expressway will stretch 23 kilometres. This second airport expressway would run between the eastern
5th Ring Roadand the eastern 6th Ring Road, starting up north from the airport all the way through to the second Jingjin Expressway (bound for Tianjin).
Jingjintang Expresswayopen to traffic"
The current Jingjintang Expressway is not only open to traffic, but also home to a huge load of traffic everyday. Should a traffic accident occur (and they "do" occur), rescue efforts would take quite a while.
Thus, both Beijing and Tianjin have approved the construction of two more expressways to
The northern route shall leave Beijing at
Tongzhou Districtand pass through Yangcunin Tianjin. A southern route shall also exist.
Both routes will stretch 35 kilometres each (at least in the Beijing sections).
Announced only in 2004, the Jingbao Expressway go for 25.9 kilometres in length in the Beijing area, reducing traffic load on the
Badaling Expressway. The project, however, is difficult to tackle; its route must not disturb the Ming Tombs.
Announced in September 2004 (but reaching already just one map in the summer), this expressway would serve as an eastern link from the Capital Airport to the northeastern
6th Ring Road. It would run along Litian Road, which currently is in existence. Litian Road would also get an improvement.
China National Highways
Expressways of China
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