official_name = Thaton
native_name = သထုံမြို့
dot_x = |dot_y =
pushpin_map_caption =Location in Burma
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Admin. division
subdivision_type2 = District
population_total = 130,763
latd=16 |latm=56 |lats= |latNS=N
longd=97 |longm=22 |longs= |longEW=E
Thaton (MYname|MY=သထုံမြို့|MLCTS=sa. htum mrui.) is a
townin Mon State, in southern Myanmar on the Tenasserimplains.
Thaton was a center for a Mon kingdom which stretched from the Ayeyarwady delta region to as far east as
Cambodia. Like the Burmese and the Thais, some modern Mons have tried to identify their ethnicityand, specifically this kingdom at Thaton, with the semi-historical kingdom of Suwarnabhumi("The Golden Land"); today, this claim is contested by many different ethnicities in Southeast Asia, and contradicted by scholars. Historical scholarshipindicates that the early usage of the term (as found in the edicts of Ashokaof India, who sent Buddhistmissionaries there in the 3rd century BC) indicated a location in southern India, and not in Southeast AsiaFact|date=February 2007.
In the kingdom of
Dvaravati, Thaton was an important seaporton the Gulf of Martaban, for trade with India and Sri Lanka. Shin Aran, also called Dhammadassi, a monkborn in Thaton and raised and educated in Nakhorn Pathom, an old capitalof the Mon kingdom of Dvaravadi, now in Thailand, took Theravada Buddhismnorth to the Burmese kingdom of Bagan. In 1057, King Anawrahtaof Bagan conquered Thaton.
Silting has resulted in the coastline moving 16 km away from Thaton, which is now a sleepy town on the rail line from
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